Technical seminar-2004

National Institute of Science & Technology

Technical Seminar On Description of Wireless intelligent network with the use of case Maps
Under The guidance of N.Srinivasu

By S.Rabindra kumar patro Roll No. :200117185 Branch: EI
S.Rabindra kumar Patro EI200117185

[1]

Technical seminar-2004
National Institute of Science & Technology

Wireless Intelligent Network
The idea of WIN is to include IN concepts in IS-41, to facilitate creation of new services in mobile systems. WIN also adopts a number of IN concepts, such as the one of Distributed Functional Plane and Functional Entities. WIN introduces the concept of Network Entities (NEs) and their respective network reference model. Multiple NE may be combined in one PE NE are similar to PE in that a NE may contain several FE. WIN does not want to recommend Physical Entities. Network entities are still abstract with respect to PE and can be implemented in several ways

S.Rabindra kumar Patro

EI200117185

[2]

Technical seminar-2004
National Institute of Science & Technology

UCMs for WIN

S.Rabindra kumar Patro

EI200117185

[3]

Technical seminar-2004
National Institute of Science & Technology

ORIGINATOR Root Map
Location

Update
Feature Active Update
In1

WIN Database Management
In5 Out5

WIN CNAP/RND
Out1

Call Origination
Get Call Answer Get Call No Answer

TERMINATOR

The originator can at any time perform a location update or a feature activation. It can also originate a call. By intervention of the terminator, the call is either answered or not.

S.Rabindra kumar Patro

EI200117185

[4]

Technical seminar-2004
National Institute of Science & Technology

TERMINATOR Root Map
Location

Update
Feature Active Update
In1

In5

Out5

WIN Database Management
Out1

Call Origination
Get Call Answer Get Call No Answer

WIN CNAP/RND

TERMINATOR

The originator can at any time perform a location update or a feature activation. It can also originate a call. By intervention of the terminator, the call is either answered or not.

S.Rabindra kumar Patro

EI200117185

[5]

Technical seminar-2004
National Institute of Science & Technology

Example

S.Rabindra kumar Patro

EI200117185

[6]

Technical seminar-2004
National Institute of Science & Technology

WIN Distributed Functional Model (DFM)
Management related functions
SMAF SMF
To any FE

SCEF

Service Control Reated functions   Call Control related functions Wireless Access Mobility related functions

 

SCF

SDF

SSF CCF SRF

LRF

H

LRF

V

RCF

MACF ACF RACF

RTF

ACF Authentication Control CCF Call Control LRFH Location Registration-HLR LRFV Location Registration-VLR MACF Mobile Station Access Control RACF Radio Access Control RCF Radio Control RTF Radio Terminal SCEF Service Creation Environment SCF Service Control SDF Service Data SMAF Service Management Access SMF Service Management SSF Service Switching SRF Specialized Resource

S.Rabindra kumar Patro

EI200117185

[7]

Technical seminar-2004
National Institute of Science & Technology

Some important WIN Functional Entities
Call Control Function (CCF) provides call and service processing and control.It is a function that handles all normal calls by providing the process and the control of call/connection between network subscribers. It also provides IN service access. Service Switching Function (SSF) is associated with CCF and provides the set of functions required for interaction between the CCF and a service control function (SCF) by managing signaling between them. Mobile Station Access Control Function (MACF) stores subscriber data and dynamically associates system resources with a particular call (TLDN assignment,see later). Location Registration Functions (LRFV and LRFH) provides the service logic and service data function to manage the mobility aspects for wireless users (VLR and HLR);

S.Rabindra kumar Patro

EI200117185

[8]

Technical seminar-2004
National Institute of Science & Technology

Some important WIN Functional Entities
Service Control Function (SCF) commands call control functions in the processing of WIN provided and custom service requests. It contains all the logic and data required to provide a service. It may interact with other functional entities to access additional logic or data. Service Data Function (SDF) contains customer and network data for real-time access by the SCF in the execution of WIN-provided services specialized Resource Function (SRF) provides the specialized resources required for the execution of WIN-provided services (e.g., digit receivers, announcements, conference bridges, etc.).

S.Rabindra kumar Patro

EI200117185

[9]

Technical seminar-2004
National Institute of Science & Technology

WIN Network Reference Model (NRM)
AC HLR VLR EIR IP SCP

MC

SME Cell

MSC

BS
MS: Mobile Station MS MSC: Mobile Switching Center SCP: Service Control Point SME: Short Message Entity SN: Service Node VLR: Visitor Location Register

AC: Authentication Center External Networks BS: Base Station (PSTN, ISDN, …) EIR: Equipment Identity Register HLR: Home Location Register IP: Intelligent Peripheral MC: Message Center

SN

S.Rabindra kumar Patro

EI200117185

[10]

Technical seminar-2004
National Institute of Science & Technology

Some important WIN Network Entities
Mobile Station (MS) interface equipment used to terminate the radio path at the user side. It provides the capabilities to access network services by the user. Mobile Switching Center (MSC) constitutes the interface for user traffic between the cellular network and other public switched networks, or other MSCs in the same or other cellular networks Home Location Register (HLR) location register to which a user identity is assigned for record purposes such as subscriber information (e.g., profile information, current location, authorization period, etc.) Visitor Location Register (VLR) retrieves information for handling of calls to or from a visiting subscriber Service Control Point (SCP) acts as a real-time database and transaction processing system to provide service control and service data functionality

S.Rabindra kumar Patro

EI200117185

Technical seminar-2004
National Institute of Science & Technology

Some important WIN Network Entities
Intelligent Peripheral (IP) performs specialized resource functions such as playing announcements, collecting digits, performing speech-to-text or textto-speech conversion, recording and storing voice messages, facsimile services, data services, and so forth. Authentication Center (AC) manages the authentication information related to the MS. Service Node (SN) This is to accommodate implementers that for any reason do not want to implement MSC, SCP, IP. It is superfluous if MSC, SCP, IP are properly implemented

S.Rabindra kumar Patro

EI200117185

Technical seminar-2004
National Institute of Science & Technology

WIN Incoming Call Screening Service
Provides for
alternate routing, blocking, or allowing of specified incoming calls

Incoming Call Termination Treatment
Terminated normally to the subscriber with normal alerting Terminated normally to the subscriber with distinctive alerting Forwarded to another number Forwarded to voice mail Routed to subscriber-specific announcement Blocked

S.Rabindra kumar Patro

EI200117185

[13]

Technical seminar-2004
National Institute of Science & Technology

Incoming Call Screening (ICS) Scenario wthUse Case Maps :

The start point (Incoming Call) leads to the ICS stub, which gives one of five possible outcomes: • Call Setup (with normal or distinctive alerting) • Call Forwarded • Voicemail • Announcement • Call Blocked
S.Rabindra kumar Patro EI200117185

[14]

Technical seminar-2004
National Institute of Science & Technology

Incoming Call Screening (ICS)
ICS can use a number of screening factors to determine which termination action is appropriate. These factors are related to calling party characteristics: • number, identity • speech or voice-based identification procedure • password They can also be related to called party characteristics: • location • status Or to other factors such as: • date • time S.Rabindra kumar Patro EI200117185

[15]

Technical seminar-2004
National Institute of Science & Technology

WIN Feature:CNAP, Call Name Presentation
Calling Name Presentation (CNAP) provides the name identification of the originating party (e.g. personal name, company name, “restricted”, “not available”) to the terminating subscriber. The Calling Name Information (CNA)
may be provided explicitly to the terminating network from the originating network (passed  through SS7 as a parm)  or it may be derived from the Calling Number Information (CNI) which is generally  provided to the terminating network from the originating network.

When the CNAP service is invoked, the terminating network shall send the calling name information (if it can find it and it is not restricted) to the terminal during alerting on incoming calls. The terminal shall display the calling name information or other appropriate message RND (Redirecting Name Delivery) option: in case call was forwarded, RND provides the name of the last redirecting party as well as the name of the originating party

S.Rabindra kumar Patro

EI200117185

[16]

Technical seminar-2004
National Institute of Science & Technology

CNAP Typical Scenario
3
HLR If Called MS found and not busy, return loc result with TLDN SCP

4 1
Location Request Return loc result, TLDN

6

2

Route Request

Service Request with calling #

7

Return result with display text

Incoming Call

Home MSC

voice path 5
Call routed by using TLDN. Caller # also delivered.

Serving MSC

Home of terminating party

Term. party is roaming

S.Rabindra kumar Patro

EI200117185

[17]

Technical seminar-2004
National Institute of Science & Technology

CNAP Typical Scenario
A terminating MSC receives an incoming call indication and sends a LOCATION REQ to the HLR of the called subscriber. This one is roaming. The HLR determines the current serving LA for the called MS and sends a ROUTE REQ to its MS (through the corresponding serving VLR) for obtaining a Temporary Local Directory Number (TLDN). The MACF functional entity inside the serving MSC assigns a TLDN to the destination device and returns it to HLR (through the VLR). HLR returns routing info, TLDN to Home MSC

S.Rabindra kumar Patro

EI200117185

[18]

Technical seminar-2004
National Institute of Science & Technology

CNAP Typical Scenario
Home MSC uses TLDN to route call to serving MSC. A direct link between the two MSCs, to the terminating device is now established. Serving MSC encounters trigger denoting CNAP service for MS. It queries the SCP which is supposed to have some way to find the name of the user (this could be not so simple, but is not discussed in the standard). SCP returns info to serving MSC, which is now able to provide the name info to the called MS

S.Rabindra kumar Patro

EI200117185

[19]

Technical seminar-2004
National Institute of Science & Technology

Conclusions on WIN
WIN is a valuable attempt to merge IN and mobility concepts shares limitations of IN on how features can be constructed

S.Rabindra kumar Patro

EI200117185

[20]

Technical seminar-2004
National Institute of Science & Technology

Thank You

S.Rabindra kumar Patro

EI200117185

[21]