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EERO SAARINEN

SUBMITTED BY: ANGELLA ELZA JOHN 11015 BATCH A

LIFE :

Born: August 20, 1910 in Kirkkonummi, Finland


Died:During surgery on September 1, 1961 in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Eero Saarinen was 51.

FAMILY:Eero Saarinen's father, Eliel Saarinen, was a prominent architect.


Education of Eero Saarinen: - Cranbrook Academy of Art in Michigan

- Acadmie de la Grande Chaumire in Paris, studied sculpture, 1929-1930 - Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. Architecture degree completed in 1934 - Traveled in Europe on scholarship, 1934-1935

LIFE:

PROFESSION: ARCHITECT PRACTICED UNDER FATHER ELIEL SAARINEN FROM 1937 OWN PRACTICE STARTED UNDER THE NAME OF EERO SAARINEN AND ASSOCIATES,1950. FURNITURE DESIGNER ENTERD INTO PRODUCTION BY THE KNOLL FURNITURE COMPANY.

PHILOSOPHY:

Although Eero Saarinen's early education was grounded in Art Nouveau, he was drawn to the streamlined International Style. He easily moved back and forth between the International Style and Expressionism, utilizing a vocabulary of curves and cantilevered forms. Eero Saarinen is often cited as a master of Neoexpressionism.

HE SOUGHT FOR THE ESSENTIAL IDEA AND REDUCED IT TO THE MOST EFFECTIVE STRUCTURAL SOLUTION WITHIN AN OVER ALL UNITY OF DESIGN.

PHILOSOPHY:
ARCHITECTURAL THEORIES:

THE COMPANY HEADQUARTERS WERE DESIGNED IN THE RATIONALIST MIESIAN STYLE, IN STEEL AND GLASS. INDIVIDUAL STRUCTURES LIKE TWA TERMINAL AND ALSO FURNITURE DESIGNS WERE ORGANIC OR ABSTRACT EXPRESSIONIST.

HIS DESIGN OF THE US EMBASSY IN LONDON IS CONSIDERED TO BE CLASSICAL ECLECTISM.

PHILOSOPHY:

HE WAS CRITICIZED BY VINCET SULLY FOR HAVING NO IDENTIFIABLE STYLE. SAARINEN'S WORK FITS IN WITH PRESENT DAY CONCERNS ABOUT PLURALISM OF STYLES.

' AN EXPLANATION FOR THIS IS THAT SAARINEN ADAPTED HIS MODERNIST VISION TO EACH INDIVIDUAL CLIENT AND PROJECT, WHICH WERE NEVER EXACTLY THE SAME.' IN EACH OF HIS DESIGNS THE VOCABULARY OF FORMS WERE STARTINGLY DIFFERENT BUT THE THING THEY HAD IN COMMON TO A REMARKABLE DEGREE IS THAT EACH DESIGN TURNED OUT TO BE IN ITSELF A MODEL OF THE PROBLEM.

PHILOSOPHY:

A PRODUCT DESIGNER:

He designed furniture with curving, organic shapes. Examples include the Tulip chair and a collection of Pedestal tables. Saarinen said the objective of these furniture designs was to rid interiors of clutter and clear the "slum of legs" from the home.

WORKS:
Jefferson National Expansion Memorial

best remembered for his cutting-edge design of an arched gateway to the American West, on the banks of the Mississippi River. The 630-foot-high, graceful, tapered curve of stainless steel, the St. Louis Gateway Arch, is part of the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, and is the tallest memorial in the U.S. TIME: 1948-1960. TOOK FIRST PRIZE IN DESIGN COMMPETITION.

WORKS:

THE DESIRE FOR EXPRESSIVE INTERIORS REACHED ITS SOARING HEIGHTS AT THE VAULTS OF THE TRANS WORLD AIRLINES TERMINAL AT KENNEDY AIRPORT , NEW YORK. HE WANTED TO MAKE THE INTERIOR EXPRESS THE EXCITEMENT OF TRAVEL. TIME: 1956-1962. STYLE: EXPRESSIONALIST.

MATERIALS: CONCRETE, GLASS, METAL.

WORKS:
GENERAL MOTORS TECHNICAL CENTER

PLACE: WARREN, MICHIGAN.

TIME: 1949-1955.
STYLE: RATIONALIST MIESIAN. MATERIALS STEEL AND GLASS.

SAARINEN EMPOLYED A CONSISTENT VOCABULARY OF METAL AND GLASS CURTAIN WALLS FOR THE LONG ELEVATIONS, AND COLOURFUL, GLAZED BRICK WALLS ON THE SHORT ENDS OF SIMPLE RECTANGULAR VOLUMES.

Famous Buildings by Eero Saarinen:


1946-1956: General Motors Technical Center, Warren, Michigan
1955-1957:Milwaukee County War Memorial Center 1957: Miller House, Columbus, Indiana 1958: IBM Manufacturing and Training Facility 1958: David S. Ingalls Rink, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut

1958-1962: Washington Dulles International Airport, Chantilly, Virginia Named one of the Ten Buildings That Changed America 1961-1966: Gateway Arch, St. Louis, Missouri 1956-1962: TWA Flight Center at JFK Airport, New York, NY 1961: Morse and Stiles Colleges, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 1963: Deer and Company Administrative Center

THANK YOU