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New England Colonies

Students: Dora- Natalia Dejeu Alin Moise

they were part of the Thirteen Colonies including the Middle Colonies and the Southern Colonies Captain John Smith, of Pocahontas fame, was the author of "A Description of New England" published in 1616

Early 17th century

several attempts early in the 17th century to colonize New England by France, England and other countries who were in often in contention for lands in the New World

Pierre Dugua de Monts (Sieur de Monts)

King James I of England, recognizing the need for a permanent settlement in New England, granted competing royal charters to the Plymouth Company and the London Company where they established a settlement named Sagadahoc Colony or more well known as Popham Colony to honor financial backer Sir John Popham

all of the colonists decided to return to England

conflict over land rights continued through the early 17th century, with the French constructing Fort Petagouet near present day Castine, Maine in 1613 In 1614, the Dutch explorer Adriaen Block sailed along the coast of Long Island Sound, and then up the Connecticut River to site of present day Hartford, Connecticut

Pilgrims and Puritans

The Pilgrims
were a group of people from England who felt discriminated because of their religion The Pilgrims traveled to America on a ship called theMayflower in 1620 The Pilgrims settled on Plymouth Plantation in December of 1620 They named it Plymouth after the name of the port they had sailed from in England the Pilgrims and the Indians shared the very first "Thanksgiving"

The Puritans
were a significant grouping of English Protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries, including, but not limited to, English Calvinists first sent smaller groups in mid-1620s from England to establish colonies, buildings and food supplies
the first group of Puritans moved to a new town at the nearby Naumkeag, after the Dorchester Company dropped support and fresh financial support was found by Rev. John White.

Founding ( early 1930s)

Salem minister Roger Williams had been banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony the Puritan leaders pushed him out because he preached that government and religion should be separate and also believed the Wampanoag and Narragansett tribes had been treated unfairly in 1636, Thomas Hooker left Massachusetts with one hundred followers and found a new English settlement just north of the Dutch Fort Hoop that would later become Connecticut Colony

The Connecticut Colony was not the first settlement or even the first English settlement, Thomas Hooker would obtain a royal charter and establish Fundamental Orders, considered to be one of the first constitutions in North America.

the earliest colonies in the New England Colonies were usually fishing villages or farming communities along the more fertile land along the rivers Lumber was also a resource that could be exported back to England, where there was a shortage of lumber Excellent harbors and some inland waterways offered protection for ships and were also valuable for fresh water fishing Inflation was a major issue in the economy.

Indian Slavery
In the view of the Plymouth court, the enslavement of natives that were rebelling against English authority was quite lawful One person among the colony hierarchy who did speak out at that time against Indian enslavement was military leader Benjamin Church

an action so hatefulthat (I) opposed it to the loss of the good will and respect of some that before were (my) good friends.

the first settlements of Pilgrims, along with the later Puritans taught their children how to read and write for business and household management purposes, in addition to following their various faiths

Bibliography glandcoloniesresearchpage.htm r/page1.html

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