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Authors Craft

How authors create

What is Authors Craft?

Authors craft is how the author uses literary devices and narrative elements to tell a story, persuade, or inform an audience.

Ways Authors Craft Their Work

o o o o o o o Word Choice Sentence structure Flashbacks Comeback lines Show dont tell Dialogue Rhyme o o o o o o o o Sensory Details Simile Metaphor Onomatopoeia Transition Voice Exaggeration Foreshadowing

How do authors use word choice?

Word choice
Uses descriptive words adjectives
Words that make your work sound exciting and livelier. Helps readers picture exactly what is being said.

Examples of word choice

Laugh: guffaw, chuckled, titter, giggle, cackle, snicker House: home, hut, shack, cabin, mansion, residence Old: mature, experienced, antique, relic, senior, ancient Fat: obese, plump, corpulent, husky, full-figured

Which passage is the most liveliest?


What is an authors structure?

Authors structure is how the author organizes the information.
Clues: Changes in sentence length Punctuation (dashes, periods, colons, exclamation marks)
More Clues: Compare and contrast Cause and effect Sequence Key words (but, yet, nevertheless, however, although) Dividing Paragraph Diction

How should I be thinking when I read?

oWhat does the text want me to know? oWhat does the text want me to think? oWhat does the text want me to feel? oHow does it do all of the above?

Lets Read Market Bowl!

Identify the authors craft in the story.
Moral Culture Text Comeback lines Figurative language Layout of the book or text

The Use of Dialogue

Provides conversation between characters or objects.

5 Types of Text Structure

Description Sequence Cause and Effect Problem and Solution Compare and Contrast

Quick! Look!

What did you see?

For two minutes, draw what you think you saw.

Quick! Look!

Identifying description in a text

Description A topic, idea, person, place, or thing is described by listing its features, characteristics, or examples.

Example of description
It was the best birthday cake ever! It was three layers high and covered with soft white icing swirling like drifting snow. Chocolate sprinkles and miniature marshmallows dotted the cake. There were three tall colorful candles, each with a cheerful flame. My excitement increased as I blew out the candles. When I cut into the cake, I could see the fluffy icing between the layers of chocolate and vanilla cake. The room smelled like a bakery. This was going to be a cake to remember!

Identifying sequence in a text

Describes items or events in order or tells the steps to follow to do something or make something. Examples: Recipes or directions

Sequence / Order of Importance

Steps described in the order they occur.
Get bread
Tighten Laces Tie Loops Together Make Two Loops Put on Shoe

Open jars Spread peanut butter Spread jelly Combine slices Enjoy.

Does not take place at any specific point in time.

Identifying sequence in a text

Read the paragraph, then answer the question below. Yolanda gathered everything she would need for the job and took it to the backyard. After she poured warm water all over her dog, she began to rub the foamy shampoo into his coat. She poured some more water on Buttons to rinse all the soap away. Then, just as she reached for the towel, Buttons shook himself from head to toe. Now Yolanda was almost as wet as her dog!

Cause and Effect

Explains reasons why something happened. Or explains the effects of something.

Not feeding it.

Many Karate Schools Opened.

Not petting it.

Why Dogs Run Away

Lots of Karate Movies in 60s

Nunchuck sales Increased 400%

Not loving it. Hospital cases went up.

Problem and Solution

Author states a problem and solution(s). Similar to cause and effect.
Missing Books
Putting in the Closet Getting Lockers

Eagles were endangered.

Make laws to protect them.

Basically Cause & Effect is an opinion with an answer.

Compare and Contrast

Compare = find similarities Contrast = find differences

Shows whats in common and whats different.

Apples & Oranges

Fruits Have Seeds Healthy

Colors Tastes Locations

Cats vs. Dogs


Comparing All of the Text Structures

Sequence: Goose bumps make me shiver. First I get cold. Then I shake all over. Description: Goose bumps make me shiver. I get little bumps on my skin. They look like sesame seeds. Compare and Contrast: Some people get goose bumps from fear. Others get goose bumps when they are touched emotionally. Cause and Effect: Goose bumps make me shiver. When the temperature drops below 45 degrees, my skin crinkles into goose bumps. Problem and Solution: Goose bumps make me shiver. But they disappear as soon as I cover up with a jacket or sweater.

Identify the Text Structures

Read the paragraph below, then answer the question. Judy was getting a new kitten. Her dad helped her get everything ready. First, they bought a little bed and put in a soft blanket. Next, they made sure they had kitten food and water. When everything was ready, Judy and her dad drove to the pet store to pick out a kitten. Judy chose a brown and white kitten and named her Ruby.

A. cause and effect C. B. description D.

Problem and solution Sequence

More Practice

Figurative Language

Figurative and Literal Language

Literally: words function exactly as defined The car is blue. He caught the football. Figuratively: figure out what it means Ive got your back. Youre a doll. ^Figures of Speech

How do authors use word choice?

Word choice
Uses figurative language
Simile Metaphor

Comparison of two things using like or as. Examples

The metal twisted like a ribbon.

She is as sweet as candy.

Using like or as doesnt make a simile. A comparison must be made. Not a Simile: I like pizza.

Simile: The moon is like a pizza.

Two things are compared without using like or as.


The world is a stage.

I was lost in a sea of nameless faces. The typical teenage boys room is a disaster area.

Two things are compared using like or as.

My hamster is as smart as an inventor, as friendly as a dog, as fast as a race car, as smart as a mouse, and as active as an athlete

Two things are compared without using like or as.

A Friend A friend is an open hand A friend is a happy land A friend is a pot of gold A friend is someone I can hold A friend is a beautiful flower A friend has a lot of power

What happens to a dream deferred?

What happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun? Or fester like a sore-And then run? Does it stink like rotten meat? Or crust and sugar over-like a syrupy sweet? Maybe it just sags like a heavy load. Or does it explode?

Exaggerating to show strong feeling or effect. Examples

I will love you forever.

My house is a million miles away.

Giving human traits to objects or ideas. Examples: The sunlight danced.
Water on the lake shivers.

The streets are calling me.

The use of figurative language

Today, I took my kite to the park. I had no trouble getting it up into the air. It took off like a rocket! As it tugged and pulled, I let out more and more string. Soon my kite was flying so high that I was afraid it might be hit by a passing plane!

Mosquito Lake
Mosquito Lake is a fishermans dreamand worst nightmare. The fish grow as big as buses there! When the last one was snagged, it took 50 people just to reel it in. How do the fish get so big? They devour the mosquitoes that gave the lake its name. These arent buzzy little insects. These critters are more like giant buzzing helicopters! A chomp from one of them can suck the blood right out of a person in two seconds flat.

How do authors do this?

They choose how to organize and structure their text.

Writing Prompt
Think about a time when you ignored directions and your results did not turn out well. What did you learn from this situation? Before we get started: http://mstraiteducationresources.weebl

Betty Botter By: Mother Goose

Betty Botter bought some butter, but, she said, the butters bitter; if I put it in my batter it will make my batter bitter, but a bit of better butter will make my batter better. So she bought a bit of butter better than her bitter butter, and she put it in her batter and the batter was not bitter. So twas better Betty Botter bought a bit of better butter.

Tongue Twisters Are Some Examples of Alliteration

Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers. A peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked. If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers How many pickled peppers did Peter Piper pick?
How much wood would a woodchuck chuck If a woodchuck would chuck wood? A woodchuck would chuck all the wood he could chuck If a woodchuck would chuck wood. Silly Sally swiftly shooed seven silly sheep. The seven silly sheep Silly Sally shooed shilly-shallied south. These sheep shouldnt sleep in a shack; Sheep should sleep in a shed.

Your turn!


Things Something Sad Nice Great Like Good Small Cool Went Fun Mad Happy

May the Lord rest in peace the words we are not going to try to use.

Now that you are an official author

Carefully choose your words and sentence structure.

Writing Prompt
Think about a time when you ignored directions, and your results did not turn out well. What did you learn from this situation?