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The child comes into this world in trust and innocence.
Infants whose needs are met in this critical time are better adjusted, cry less and have fewer symptoms during the first year of life.
If this sense of security is not felt by the child, symptoms will occur.
When the needs of a baby are not met, the resulting behavior may fully disrupt the lives of their parents.
This is a survival mechanism of the dependant organism.
The newborn is fully capable of perceiving and expressing emotions.
In the infant, the body posture and position,
present windows to the emotional realm.
facial expression and eyes all
The newborn is capable to feel and express anger, sadness and fright, as well as feeling of disgust, distress and abandonment.
The child develops interest in the surrounding and is sensitive to stimuli such as light, noise, and motion.
They respond to the environment in variety of ways, such as being alert, startling, running away and falling asleep.
When taking the case of an infant it is critically important to understand the family system.
If a child is nursing, there is a direct line of emotional communication.
The emotions experienced by the mother are transmitted to the baby and then can be engrafted onto the infant.
For e.g., if the mother is upset, the baby will often reflect the mother’s distress with tension, tears, anger, etc.
The history of birth experience may provide clues to the similimum. It is important to know the attitude of mother during labor.
If the mother experienced undue fear, pain or trauma the baby may be affected.
Other significant elements may include; • how long did the labor last, was much pain involved, was the labor well tolerated by the mother?
• what was the medical condition of the mother?
• who was present at the birth, how was their attitude during the process?
• was medical intervention performed, e.g., pitocin, suction extraction or caesarean section?
• how was the condition of the infant at birth, including Apgar scoring?
Bonding at birth is one of
the most important events in the development of trust in the infant.
If there is
interference in the
bonding process, problems and symptoms will manifest.
Bonding can be affected by;
• a temporary or a lengthy separation at birth.
• illness in the mother or infant.
• feelings of inadequacy and tension in either parent.
Observation of the interaction between the mother and infant is very important.
How does the mother interact with the baby?
between the mother and child?
Is there close contact and
How is the child responding to the mother?
Does the child appear to be relaxed and comfortable in her arms or near the mother’s body?
Finally, observe the child’s ability to make contact with other people in the environment and interact with the outside world.
expression in the eyes of an infant
is an important method and will allow the sensitive prescriber to gain insight into the emotional state of the organism
may be observed in the eyes that are crunched or slit.
result in protrusion of eyeballs.
manifest in very little blinking with a fixed gaze and a lack of reaction.
baby communicates his/her emotional state.
Crying is another way the
We can learn to differentiate one type of cry from another, and understand the meaning of each type to determine whether or not the cry is a symptom.
For e.g.; The hungry cry is recognized by
soft moaning tones which, if
ignored, will transform into a more vigorous cry.
An angry cry can be vigorous from start. Babies will often turn quite red when expressing anger in cry (Hyos., Sulph.).
The cry of pain starts with a scream which is followed by a long pause for breath and then proceeds with a vigor.
There is also a fake cry or fussiness which develops after the first month of life when the baby is expressing a demand for attention (Med.).
In some babies the cry is more of whine (Calc-p).
All children experience fear at various stages of life, and infants are not exception.
Depending upon the remedy, newborns can be particularly fearful of sudden shifts or extremes of stimulation such as
They also have an instinctive fear of being dropped supported (Bor., Phos.).
Some babies out of sense of fear, can disliked being dressed and undressed (Sulph., Med.).
Certain infants can also become quite upset when there is a sudden shift in routine or an alteration of reality they have learned to expect.
This can be interpreted as a violation of trust.
For e.g. The sight of a parent wearing a mask (Calc., Med.)
A dad wearing shaving cream (Phos., Med.) may cause agitation and fright.
Phosphorus, Carcinosin, Calcarea babies have a dramatic fear, reaction to pain.
Reactions to external stimuli may differ according to the remedy of the child.
For instance a Calcarea carbonica baby will be afraid of the vaccum cleaner, while the Sulphur baby approaches it without any fear at all.
Some infants want to be tightly bundled in blankets (Ars., Psor., Puls.).
Others desire more freedom of movement (Med., Sulph.).
Some infants prefer to stay
because they would rather not be in the draft (Nuxv.,Calc-p.).
The infant can show signs of
separation anxiety at an
They will cry and shriek toward the departing parent, acting as if they will die without the presence of the parent (Phos., Calc., Med., Calc-p., Lyc., Sil.)
Some babies develop stranger anxiety early (Bar-c., Calc.). This can usually be observed at approximately six months of age.
There is a tendency for certain infants to scream or shriek as if a monster had terrified them (Med.) or hide their faces in the blanket (Bar-c., Calc.)
In order to gain understanding of the baby in the waking hours the homoeopath should observe the infant at the breast.
How well does the child latch on the breast?
How long does the baby desire to nurse? Does she like small snacks or large meals?
Some important rubrics:
Eating to satiety (K.1357); Eating fast (K.1357);
Appetite ravenous soon after eating (K.479); Appetite returns after a mouthful (K.480);
Is there a preference of one breast over another? ( see ‘sides’ in Generalities).
Some babies prefer the left breast (Sulph.) and others the right breast ( Lyc., Nux-v.).
Is the baby sleepy on the breast? Is there tiredness after meals? (Sleepiness after eating (K.1250);
Is there an amelioration after the meal? (Eating amel. (K.1357).
Inquiry into the topic of sleep provides a wealth of information that will guide in the selection of a remedy.
Many babies do not sleep through the night. There are many causes of wakefulness including;
Hunger Teething Gas pains A wet diaper Being too warm or too cold
Sometimes the baby will waken because a pacifier has slipped out of his mouth (Med.,Calc.).
The homoeopath must determine the etiology of the problem and the chosen remedy must address the problem at this source.
The position of sleep can also be a symptom
The knee chest position seen in some babies may help to confirm a prescription of
Carc. Lyco. Med. Tub.
Restlessness during sleep
is also a characteristic of certain remedies such as Bar-c. Med. Sulph. Cina Rhus-t. Ars alb. Lyco.
A very sound sleep may be indicative of remedies Bell. Puls.
The time the baby falls asleep and when she awakens may provide important clues to the constitution of the child.
Sulphur and Medorrhinum people can be “night people” Preference to stay awake until late.
awake until late.
wake at night with a desire to play.
Does the baby wake refreshed or unrefreshed from the sleep or after napping?
Unrefreshed sleep is
characteristic of remedies such as: Lach. Nux-v. Med. Tub.
Babies that exhibit starting in the sleep are Bell. Borax Caust. Tub.
The babies that like to make sounds in their sleep are Bufo Calc-p. Hyos.
Babies that often sleep with their eyes half open are Sulph. Sulph Cham.
In the first year of life, the infant has a critical need for communication.
The homoeopath should find out whether the mother talks to the baby
When a mother talks to her baby, the child is reassured by the sound of her voice and comforted by being the object of her attention.
This encourages the development of selfconfidence, and prescriptions like Lyco. and Anac. can often be discarded.
The amount of time the mother spends with the child will have a great effect on the development of health and well being in the infant.
Children who are nurtured in a calm atmosphere of love and support from early infancy on will be
Comfortable with themselves and therefore may not be in need of a remedy.
The ability to observe and interpret the expression of emotion and sensitivity to the inner state of the organism is paramount to the homoeopathic treatment of children.
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