RESPONSIBILITIES

• An awareness that he does not have any once the the user control over the experiment product / project is given to Group / Consumer

• Should strive & obtain an Informed
Consent by providing all pertinent information to make a reasonable decision ( No vital information is held with )

FOUR P E R T I N E N T

ELEMENTS

1 )Primary obligation to protect the safety of society / human beings 2 )Autonomous, Involvement project 3 )Accepting results accountability for in all Personal steps of a

CONSCIENTIOUSNESS
• People extent commit act responsibly to the they conscientiously themselves to live

according to moral values • A sensitivity to the full range of moral values & responsibilities • Contemporary Conditions Working

tend to narrow moral

Mostly

concerned

with

moral

obligation to the organization However, conceiving Engineering as Social Experimentation restores the vision of Engrs as guardians of public interest whose duty is to guard the welfare & safety of these projects affected by Engg Projects

RELEVANT INFORMATIO N • Conscientiousness
without Information • Hence moral concern involves commitment properly assess to all to obtain and is blind Relevant Factual

available meet one’s

info pertinent

ACCOUNTABILITY
• Narrow sense : being culpable and blameworthy for misdeeds • Better Understanding is “ Willing to submit ones actions to moral scrutiny and be open and responsive to assessment of others ” • There abandon when placed is a strong psychological accountability tendency in people to be willing to personal under authority

Milgram observed the following :
• When a project is physically moved from one’s immediate workplace it lessens the sense in of personal Engineers accountability

involved in the project • Huge projects that have massive workforce & bureaucracies tend to lessen the personal accountability of an individual

•Peer

Pressure

of

project

execution on time makes the Engr accountable only •Pre occupation makes one wary of becoming matters morally beyond involved ones in for time schedules

strictly

POSTMORTEMS
• Enables engineers to decide as to what they should do when confronted with ethically troubling situations • Makes us to look at the problem from the view point of individuals involved at the time • Thereby sharpens our intuitive abilities to take right action at right time conciously • Studying the case enables us to see

THAT BRINGS US TO CODE OF ETHICS • After all, human beings take an action
that quite often depends on the Conduct, behaviour, temperament,

judgment, attitude & so on of the individual or organization • Unfortunately occasions people on on many what

disagree

constitutes Right Action in Specific instances even when they agree on

Therefore, and

Societies,

Corporations it

Universities to

considered a

necessary

provide

Moral

Framework ( Code of Ethics ) to their members in exercise of their

professional obligations • Invoking them diligently would arrested many catastrophes

have

FUNCTIONS OF CODE
• Act as Guidelines for Ethical Conduct & • Provides Guidance conduct • Gives Positive support while Judgment Inspiration in &

ethical

• Serves

as

formal

base

to

investigate unethical conduct • Presents a Positive image to public of ethically committed profession Thereby enabling Engineers to serve even more effectively • Codes Protect established ethical Conventions

IN

ESSENCE

Codes encompass the essential substance of Professional Ethics, namely,
• • • • • • Public Interest & Safety Integrity Honesty Enterprise Moral Autonomy Accountability

Codes • • • • •

are

only

a

small

part

of

Engineering Ethics This brevity renders them overly Some provisions occasionally many general and vague contradict others Compromises between differing viewpoints

Codes are anything but sacred writ Should always be viewed as open to critical examination

• Practically looking at it, codes only provide G e n e r a l G u i d e l i n e s for a conscientious engineer • However, there are always Exceptions

Hence, arose a need for legislations

LEGISLATIONS
• A Careful Balance of individual needs collective negotiations ( Dam, Road widening etc ) • Sensitization of Public & desires needs against thro’

A change in technology calls for changing in Law / Rule making

agencies and therefore came • • • • Pollution Control Board Environment Protection Agency Central Electricity Authority Central Drugs Stds & Control

organ