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WESTERN VISAYAS COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND ARCHITECTURE MARINE ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

SHIP AND CREW

MARITIME ENGLISH
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CONTENTS

General Information of Ships Vessel Types and Parts Movements of Ships & Degree of Freedom

Crew Rules and Routines


Engine Watchkeeping

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GENERAL INFORMATION OF SHIPS

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GENERAL INFORMATION OF SHIPS


DESCRIPTION OF SHIP AND PARTS

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GENERAL INFORMATION OF SHIPS


Ships or Vessel -The name given to any craft which float and is able to navigate. Stem - Refers to the curved plate which is the first part of the ship to cut through the water ahead of the ship Stern or Poop Deck - The rear end of the ship and its designed so that the layers of the water surrounding the hull do not form eddies but act efficiently on the propeller and the rudder. Starboard Side - The name given to the right-hand side of the ship. Port Side - The name given to the left-hand of the ship. Keel - The Backbone and the lowest part of the ship. This runs from the stem to stern. Frames - The steel ribs which run at he right angles (transversely) to the keel as far as the curve of the bilge of the hull and to which the plating on the both sides is connected. Hatches - are openings in the deck giving access to holds or space below. Anchor - is used to secure the ship in a stationary position to the sea bed. Bollards - are vertical posts used for securing hawser; mooring ropes etc. They can also be called bitts. Lifebuoy - is a specially designed float used for throwing overboard to keep a person afloat in the water until rescued.
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VESSEL TYPES AND PARTS

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VESSEL TYPES AND PARTS


M E R C H A N T S H I P S M E R C H A N T S H I P S

Bulk Carrier is a merchant ship specially designed to transport unpacked bulk cargo, such as grains, coal, ore and cement in its cargo holds.
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VESSEL TYPES AND PARTS


M E R C H A N T S H I P S M E R C H A N T S H I P S

Container Ship carry their entire load in truck-size containers in a technique called containerization. They form a common means of commercial intermodal freight transport.
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VESSEL TYPES AND PARTS


M E R C H A N T S H I P S M E R C H A N T S H I P S

Oil Tanker also known as petroleum tankers are ships designed for the bulk transport of oil. There are two basic types of oil tanker: The crude tanker and the product tanker.
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VESSEL TYPES AND PARTS


M E R C H A N T S H I P S M E R C H A N T S H I P S

Chemical Tanker is a type of tanker designed to transport chemicals in bulk. Ocean-going chemical tankers generally range from 5,000 metric tons deadweight (DWT) to 40,000 DWT in size.
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VESSEL TYPES AND PARTS


M E R C H A N T S H I P M E R C H A N T S H I P

Reefer Ship refrigerated ships designed to carry frozen or chilled cargo such as fruits, dairy products, meat, fish and poultry
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VESSEL TYPES AND PARTS


M E R C H A N T S H I P S M E R C H A N T S H I P S

RoRo Ships stands for (Roll-on/Roll-off) designed to transport vehicles via a ramp situated either at the stern or at the side of the ship.
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VESSEL TYPES AND PARTS


M E R C H A N T S H I P S M E R C H A N T S H I P S

Coaster (Coastal Trading Vessel) are shallow-hulled ships used for trade between locations on the same island or continent.
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VESSEL TYPES AND PARTS


M E R C H A N T S H I P S M E R C H A N T S H I P S

Heavy Lift Ship are vessel designed to move loads that cannot be handled by normally equipped ships.
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VESSEL TYPES AND PARTS


M E R C H A N T S H I P S M E R C H A N T S H I P S

General Cargo Ships ship or vessel that carries cargo, goods, and materials from one port to another.
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VESSEL TYPES AND PARTS


P A S S E N G E R S H I P S Cruise is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, where the voyages itself and the ships amenities are part of the experience.
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P A S S E N G E R S H I P S

VESSEL TYPES AND PARTS


P A S S E N G E R S H I P S P A S S E N G E R S H I P S Ferry is a form of transport, usually a boat or ship, but also other forms, carrying passenger and often their cars. Ferries are also used to transport freight and even railroad cars.
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VESSEL TYPES AND PARTS


P A S S E N G E R S H I P S P A S S E N G E R S H I P S

Cruise Ferry is a ship that combines the features of a cruise ship with Ro-Ro Pax ferry. Many passenger travel with the ships for the cruise experience, staying only few hours at the destination port or not leaving the ship at all while others use the ships as means of transportation.
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VESSEL TYPES AND PARTS


P A S S E N G E R S H I P S Yachts used by private individual or companies for leisure time; these yachts have a length of 10 to 20 metres
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P A S S E N G E R S H I P S

VESSEL TYPES AND PARTS


S E R V I C E S H I P S S E R V I C E S H I P S

Tugboat is a boat used to maneuver, primarily by towing or pushing other vessel in harbours over the open sea or through rivers and canals. Tugboats are also used to tow barges, disabled ships, or other equipment like towboats.
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VESSEL TYPES AND PARTS


S E R V I C E S H I P S S E R V I C E S H I P S

Supply ship is a ship specially designed to supply naval warships like aircraft carrier, and offshore oil platforms. These ships range from 65 to 350 feet in length and accomplish a variety of task.
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VESSEL TYPES AND PARTS


S E R V I C E S H I P S S E R V I C E S H I P S

Cable Ship is a deep-sea vessel designed and used to lay underwater cables for telecommunications, electricity, and such a large superstructure.
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VESSEL TYPES AND PARTS


S E R V I C E S H I P S S E R V I C E S H I P S

Crane Vessel is a ship that is specialized in lifting heavy loads and used for offshore construction.
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VESSEL TYPES AND PARTS


N A V A L S H I P S

N A V A L

S H I P S

Air Craft Carrier vessel suitable for aircraft and helicopters to land on and to take off. Aircraft Carrier has a propulsion of two nuclear reactors driven four turbines producing a 260,000 HP at speed of 30 knots and has a crew of 5, 680.
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VESSEL TYPES AND PARTS


N A V A L S H I P S

N A V A L

S H I P S

Destroyer is a smaller than a cruiser but is also fitted to operate independently. These are multi-functional warships designed to fight submarines and surface vessel and to escort convoys.
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VESSEL TYPES AND PARTS


N A V A L S H I P S

N A V A L

S H I P S

Corvettes have a displacement of 700 to 2000 tons and are well armed. They are best equipped to act in regional operations and are seldom used for long-range operations.
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VESSEL TYPES AND PARTS


N A V A L S H I P S N A V A L S H I P S

Frigates are very versatile warships. They are suitable for air defence, antisubmarine warfare and surface warfare. They have a wide array of sensors, communication devices and large numbers of sonars. There are several different weapons systems onboard which are controlled from the command room attack target fully automatically.
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VESSEL TYPES AND PARTS


N A V A L S H I P S

N A V A L

S H I P S

Submarine are very hard to detect and therefore very popular in the navies worldwide. These vessel are part of the strategic nuclear deterrence force of the superpowers. They can stay below the surface for moths if necessary.
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VESSEL TYPES AND PARTS


N A V A L S H I P S

N A V A L

S H I P S

Cruisers have a displacement of more than 10,000 tons and are sufficiently armed to operate on their own. Task are surveillance, blocking, protection of Convoys and supporting large fleets.
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MOVEMENTS OF SHIPS AND DEGREE OF FREEDOM

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MOVEMENTS OF SHIPS AND DEGREE OF FREEDOM

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MOVEMENTS OF SHIPS AND DEGREE OF FREEDOM

Heave Gently rising and falling in regular alteration Pitch Wobble up and down. To move in an alternate fore and aft motion (longitudinally). Effect of waves head on. Surge A powerful rising and falling or Forward rushing movements, like that of the sea. Waves come from the stern. Sway The act o swinging back and forth Yaw Turn around the vertical axis. To deviate a straight course. Roll Partial rotation of the body on either side,cause by motion of the waves broad side

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CREW RULES AND ROUTINES

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CREW RULES AND ROUTINES


ENGINE ROOM DEPARTMENT Chief Engineer - is responsible for the efficient operation of ship's engines. Chief engineer prepares various reports, supervises any repair and approves the ordering of spares and equipment. Second Engineer - is responsible for the maintenance of the main engine, the safety and cleanliness of the engine-room, the ordering of stores and equipment through the chief engineer, the repair and maintenance of any mechanical equipment on deck. Third Engineer - is the watchkeeping engineer responsible for the condition and maintenance. Fourth engineer - is responsible for the taking of bunker, the purification of the fuel and the maintenance of the purifier. He supplies the chief engineer with fuel consumption figures daily. Engineering cadet - is also a student from a maritime school to become an engineer.
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CREW RULES AND ROUTINES

ENGINE ROOM DEPARTMENT ENGINE CREW Electrician - is responsible for the maintenance and repair of all electrical and electronic equipment. Fitter - does some mechanical repairs and welding. Oiler an engine rating forming part of the engine watchkeeping. Assist the duty watchkeeping engineer in the safe operation of engine machineries.

Wiper - cleans machinery spaces.

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ENGINE WATCHKEEPING

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ENGINE WATCHKEEPING

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