You are on page 1of 11

Ultrahigh Density Magnetic

Recording Media

❚ Terry Shyu
Outline

❚ Introduction
❚ Experiment
❚ Results
❚ Summary
Introduction

❚ To further increase the areal storage density


for magnetic recording media
❚ FePt system: phase transformation
❚ Goal: to study the phase transformation of
FePt
FePt System: Order-Disorder
Transformation

A1

L10 L12

L12

Fe
Pt
Experiment: Differential Scanning
Calorimetry (DSC)

❚ Constant heating rate (20, 40,


80, and 160 oC/min, to 725oC)

T2 1 dH dH
  
T1 
[(
dt
) dat  (
dt
)bsl ] dT

β = heating rate
dH
( dat
dt
)
= sample heat flow rate
dH
( bsl
dt
)
= baseline heat flow rate
Non-isothermal DSC Studies
50 Tpeak -12.0

40 (oC/min) (oC) -12.5

-13.0 -Q

)
20 344

Peak
30 -13.5
Exotherm down (mW)

2
ln(β /T
40 357 -14.0
20
80 371 -14.5

10 -15.0
17.5 18.0 18.5 19.0
160 389 1 / kBTPeak
0

-10 14
Fe54.4Pt45.6 TCurie= 455 C
o

Power (mW)
-20
o 12
20 C/min
-30 o
40 C/min 10
-40 o
80 C/min
o 350 400 450 500 550
-50 160 C/min Temperature ( C)
o

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800


o
Temperature ( C)
X-Ray Diffraction

❚ Philips X’Pert diffractometer with Cu Kα


radiation
❚ Identify compositions at different stages
during the formation of the ordered structure
Experiment

❚ Co-sputtered FePt
❚ Multilayer FePt
Results
ID Element or Crystal
❚ Non-isothermal DSC traces of #
1
Compounds
α -Fe
Structure
BCC
three Fe-Pt systems with 2 γ- Fe FCC

corresponding sequence phases 3 Fe3Pt L12


L10
4 FePt
identified by the XRD 5 FePt3 L12

6 FePt3 DO22

7 Pt FCC
4 2
Exotherm down (mW)

1,2,3,4,5,6,7 2
1,7
2 0
Exotherm down (mW)

Exotherm down (mW)


0
0
-2
-2 -2
-4 1,7 1,3,4,5,7 4,5
-4 1,7 -4
1,2,3,4,5,6 4,5
-6 -6
-6
-8 3,4,5,6 -8
-8
-10 1,3,4,7 -10
-10
-12 Fe:Pt 1,2,3,4,5,7 1,3,4,5,7
-12 Fe:Pt -12
-14 3:1 1:1 Fe:Pt 4,5,7
-16 -14
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800
-14 1:3
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800
o 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800
Temperature ( C) o
Temperature ( C) Temperature ( C)
o
X-Ray Diffraction Patterns for Fe/Pt
Multilayers
a
(100) (110) (200) (200) (210) (112)
FePt3 FePt3

1:1
FePt3 FePt3 Pt Fe3Pt
(001) (110) (200) (002) (201) (112)

Intensity (arb. units)


FePt FePt FePt FePt FePt FePt

3:1 As-Dep

a 472 C
o

(100) (110) (200) (201)


Fe3Pt Fe3Pt DO22 Fe3Pt FePt
(001) (110) (200) (002) (112)
FePt FePt FePt FePt FePt o
700 C

1:3
Intensity (arb. units)

As-Dep

20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65
o
442 C o
2θ ( )
a
(100) (110) (200) (002) (201) (112)
o FePt3
501 C FePt3 FePt FePt FePt FePt
(001) (110) (200) (200) (210) (211)
FePt FePt FePt3 Fe3Pt FePt3 FePt3
o
567 C
As-Dep
o
725 C

Intensity (arb. units)


o
452 C
20 25 30 35 40 o 45 50 55 60 65
2θ () o
475 C

o
501 C

o
725 C

20 25 30 35 40 o 45 50 55 60 65
2θ()
Summary

❚ DSC studies were used to characterize the


thermodynamic and kinetic parameters of the
phase transformation in FePt
❚ XRD was used to identify the phases present
❚ CoPt??