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International Road Federation

Better Roads, Better World

Using Crumb Rubber Modifier to Meet Demand in High Performance Asphalt
Cecilia Mancero, Szabolcs Biro & Carl Thodesen ECOPATH Industries
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International Road Federation

Better Roads, Better World

Introduction
• Continuously analyzing market and needs. • Developing new products and formulas to satisfy all needs (climate, country) in the most efficient ways (reduced cost). • Asphalt rubber is a successful paving material because of its performance (not because it is “green”!)

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International Road Federation

Better Roads, Better World

CRM binders
• Crumb rubber modified binders are NOT all the same. • They can satisfy different standards/requirements by changing the production parameters and raw materials (asphalt, rubber, additives).

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International Road Federation

Better Roads, Better World

CRM Binder vs. CRM Binder
8

Elasticity indicator (tanδ)

7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 0 20

AZ CA FL SC TX

40

60

80

100

Temperature, oC
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International Road Federation
Rutting potential indicator (G*/sinδ, Pa)

Better Roads, Better World

CRM Binder vs. CRM Binder
1e+7 1e+6 AZ CA FL SC TX

1e+5

1e+4

1e+3

1e+2 0 20 40 60 80 100

Temperature, oC
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International Road Federation
Rutting potential indicator (G*/sinδ, Pa)

Better Roads, Better World

CRM Binder vs. CRM Binder
1e+6 1e+5 1e+4 1e+3 1e+2 1e+1 0.01 AZ CA FL SC TX Neat binder 0.1 1 10 100 1000

Vehicle speed indicator (Frequency, rad/s)
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International Road Federation

Better Roads, Better World

CRM binder
• Not just the rubber concentration, gradation, but chemical composition has an effect. • Importance of asphalt chemical composition. • CRM binder formulation is needed to obtain the best result & reduce cost. • Thin layers can be constructed because of improved binding properties.

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International Road Federation

Better Roads, Better World

Thinner Overlays

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International Road Federation

Better Roads, Better World

CRM vs. other modifiers
• Comparison study (focusing on elasticity) between AMAP suggested asphalt modifiers, which can be potential substituent for SBS. Shear stress resistance has major importance, because 85% of the stresses in a road is shear type stress.

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International Road Federation

Better Roads, Better World

Elasticity
20 15

CRM-AZ Elvaloy EVA SBS+CRM SBS+PPA SBS

Strain, %

10 5 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60

Time, s
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International Road Federation
80

Better Roads, Better World

Elasticity
AR (AZ) Elvaloy EVA Hybrid SBS_PPA
70oC, 3200Pa

60

Strain

40

20

0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120

Time, s
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International Road Federation

Better Roads, Better World

CRM vs. other modifiers
• Crumb rubber modified binders can be both technically and economically a good substituent for SBS and other elastomer/plastomer modified asphalts.

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International Road Federation

Better Roads, Better World

ECOPATH 2004-2009
Disposed of approximately 2.1 million Used Tires (52.3 Million Tons of Crumb Rubber)

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International Road Federation

Better Roads, Better World

Overhead View of Plant Site

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International Road Federation

Better Roads, Better World

Modified Asphalt Blending Equipment
45 Ton per hour blending unit

30,000 Gallon, two compartment, agitated reaction tank

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International Road Federation

Better Roads, Better World

Modified Asphalt Blending Equipment

15-20 TPH Blending System

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International Road Federation

Better Roads, Better World

Projects

Less than ideal roadway condition www.irfnews.org

International Road Federation

Better Roads, Better World

Arizona

10.6 miles (19.4 km) 58,250 Mix Tons 1,140 Tons Crumb Rubber

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International Road Federation

Better Roads, Better World

Biosphere 2 Tucson, Arizona

4.3 Miles 9,200 Mix Tons 190 Tons Crumb Rubber

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Better Roads, Better World

Pulliam Airport Flagstaff , Arizona

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International Road Federation

Better Roads, Better World

New Jersey / I-95 Before

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Better Roads, Better World

I-95 Rehabilitation
• An ADOT 414 type AR-ACFC mix design was used – Similar to (NJDOT MOGFC-3) • This type of pavement has been used with success in Arizona • Particularly for: – Noise reduction – Increased safety – Resistance to rutting

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Better Roads, Better World

I-95 During Construction

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Better Roads, Better World

After Construction

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Better Roads, Better World

Washington State

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Better Roads, Better World

Quiet Pavement Project in DOT en Washington State

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Better Roads, Better World

Spain

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Siberia

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Better Roads, Better World

Siberia

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International Road Federation

Better Roads, Better World

Conclusions
• Crumb rubber improves asphalt binder properties. • Not all crumb rubber modified asphalt (CRMA) are the same. • CRMA can substitute and compete with other modifiers if right formulation is applied (raw materials + production parameters).

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International Road Federation

Better Roads, Better World

Conclusions
• CRMA have better elastic (shear) characteristic than most of the common asphalt modifiers. • Out of the common crumb rubber modified asphalts, Arizona style has the best performance (except aging, where California style AR is the best).

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International Road Federation

Better Roads, Better World

Conclusions
• ECOPATH has become a leader in the industry and provides asphalt binder formulation to reduce cost and optimize performance.

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International Road Federation

Better Roads, Better World

Thank You ~ Gracias Grazie ~ Danke Merci ~ Obrigado ‫ ~ شكرا لك‬謝謝您 ありがとうございました
Contact Information: Cecilia Mancero cecilia.mancero@ecopathindustries.com Phone: 480-991-0450 www.ecopathindustries.com

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International Road Federation

Better Roads, Better World

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International Road Federation

Better Roads, Better World

Conclusions
• SAVES MONEY!
 Initial investment  Life cycle costs  Noise abatement alternatives

• FEWER TRAFFIC INTERRUPTIONS!
 Extends pavement life 15+ years

• SAVES LIVES!
 Greatly improves driving conditions

• IMPROVES QUALITY OF LIFE!
 Reduces traffic noise  Eliminates waste tyres

• NO RISK!
 20+ yrs of proven technology in all types of climates
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