Under the Guidance of

• History
• Introduction
• Principle working
• Construction
• Lifting Mechanism
• MARS 100KW Performance
• Wind Data
• Advantages
• Limitations
• Applications
• Conclusion
• Reference
• MARS is a lighter-than-air tethered wind turbine that
rotates about a horizontal axis in response to wind,
generating electrical energy.
• This electrical energy is transferred down the 1000-foot
tether for immediate use, or to a set of batteries for later
use, or to the power grid.
• Helium sustains MARS and allows it to ascend to a higher
altitude than traditional wind turbines.
• MARS captures the energy available in the 600 to 1000-
foot low level and nocturnal jet streams that exist almost
• Magenn Power draws on over 31 years of R&D in advance materials and
• Designed the Magnus Spherical Airship starting in 1978.
• Fred Ferguson (founder of Magenn Power) patented the Magnus Airship in the
• It won the Canadian Government Award of Excellence in 1984. And the Philip
Petroleum Award for Science 1985.
• Magenn Power has built and tested several small MARS prototypes in 2006,
and 2007.
• In April of 2008, Magenn Power made history by having the world's first
rotating airship.
• The Turbine Filled with Helium is deployed into
the with the help of a tether made from a
• Vectran is the high-performance multifilament
yarn spun from liquid crystal polymer, which is
stronger than Steel with high Strength to Weight
• The wind turns the blades, which spin a shaft,
which connects to a generator and makes
electricity. Utility-scale turbines range in size from
50 to 750 kilowatts.
• The wind rotates the turbine at a speed of 30 to
60 rpm.
• A reduction gear box is provided to increase the
speed to 1200 to 1500 rpm for the generator to
produce electricity.
• The wind turns the turbine which spins the
generator and the electricity is generated.
• This electricity is sent to ground by the tether and
can be consumed readily, stored in batteries for
later use or can be supplied to grid.
• The MARS is constructed with Composite Fabrics
used in Airships. the fabric will be either Dacron
with an inner laminated coating of Mylar to reduce
porosity and an exterior coating of Tedlar which
will provide ultra-violet protection.
• MARS is filled with helium gas, which is inert and
non-flammable. Helium is a light inert gas and the
second most abundant element in the universe.
• Depending on size, either DC or AC generators can
be used, with rectification as necessary. In all cases
the rotation speed is stepped up by a simple gear
arrangement. The MARS which produced 10 kW
unit will be approximately 7.5mx18.2m when
• The MARS 10 kW unit will require slightly over
10,500 cubic meter of helium. MARS units that
operate over 150 feet will have a lighting system
including individual lights that are placed every 50
feet on its tether. The lights will flash once per
• Necessary lighting on the Tether to meet FAA
(Federal aviation administration) regulations.
• The Helium gas creates a lift force that is in
excess of the total weight of the system. The
helium provides at least twice the positive
lift versus the overall weight of the MARS
• Additional lift is also created when the rotor
is spinning in a wind. The aerodynamic effect
that produces additional lift is called the
Magnus Effect.
• Magnus Effect: This effect was discovered in
mid-1800’s that creates lift when a spherical
or cylindrical object is spun while moving in
a fluid.
MARS 100kW Performance Specifications
Magenn Power Product Model 100kW
Rated Power 101,000 Watts
Size (Diameter x Length) 45 ft x 100 ft (plus blade height of 22 ft each)
Shipping Weight Under 13,000 lbs
Volume of Helium 200,000 cubic feet
Tether Height 750 ft standard - up to 1,500 ft optional tether length
Start-up Wind Speed 2.5 m/sec - 5.6 mph
Cut-in Wind Speed 3.0 m/sec - 6.7 mph
Rated Wind Speed 12.0 m/sec - 26.8 mph
Cut-out Wind Speed 24.0 m/sec - 53.7 mph
Maximum Wind Speed 30.0 m/sec - 67.1 mph
Temperature Range -40¼C /-40¼F to +45¼C/+113¼F
Generators 100 kW Total
Output Form 380 V 3 Phase 50 Hz, 480 & 600 V 3 Phase 60 Hz or Regulated DC
Warranty One Year
Life Cycle 10 to 15 Years
Price (USD) (Estimated) $500,000 USD
Availability 2010-2011 (taking orders now)
MARS 100kW Performance
Estimated performance data is shown in the two graphs below. The Annual Energy Output
range accounts for various non-standard wind distributions.
• Low cost electricity - under 20 cents per kWh versus 50 cents to 99 cents per
kWh for diesel
• Bird and bat friendly
• Lower noise
• Wide range of wind speeds - 3 meters/second to more than 28 meters/second
• Higher operating altitudes - from 500 feet to 1,000 feet above ground level are
possible without expensive towers or cranes
• Fewer limits on placement location - coast line placement is not necessary
• ability to install closer to the power grid
• Mobile
• Ideal for off grid applications or where power is not reliable.
• Mini-Grid applications such as developing and island nations where
infrastructure is limited or non-existent
• Rapid deployment (to include airdrop) to disaster areas for power to
emergency and medical equipment, water pumps, and relief efforts (ex.
Katrina, Tsunami)
• Off grid uses such as cell towers and exploration equipment
• Military payload applications.
• MARS units cannot be installed within five miles of the
boundary of any airport.
• Initial cost is high.
• floating windmills can plunge down
• Below a floating windmill park, nothing can be build
• Helium gas leaks at a rate of 0.5 percent per month. The
drawback of the technology is that the balloon has to be
re-filled with helium every 6 months, seeing as the gas
• Another disadvantage of floating windmills is that they
have to be taken down in extremely powerful winds,
whereas common wind turbines are simply shut down.
MAGENN technology can be applied to Mini-grid, off-grid and combined with
diesel power for developing nations, island nations, farms, remote areas, cell
towers, exploration equipment, oil and gas wells, mining sites, offshore drilling
stations, and backup power & water pumps. MAGENN rotors will also be used
for on-grid applications for farms, factories, and remote communities.
This Kind of technology can reduce our
Dependencies on Fossil Fuels which are Depleting
at a rapid rate. As there is no Pollution in this
system Green Energy can be produces which can
reduce green house gases. As it can be near
Demand centers cost on Power lines is reduces.

If this technology is implemented it can
eliminate power problems of all Nations.



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