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Location Sensing technologies

Location-Based Services

A location-based service (LBS) is an information and entertainment service, accessible with mobile devices through the mobile network and utilizing the ability to make use of the geographical position of the mobile device.

Woices (World voices)
http://woices.com ( Location Base media )

Push and Pull technology
Push technology or server push, describes a style of Internet-based communication where the request for a given transaction is initiated by the publisher or central server.

Pull technology, where the request for the transmission of information is initiated by the receiver or client.

Locative Media

locative media concentrates on social interaction with a place and with technology. Many locative media projects have a social, critical or personal (memory) background. Locative media projects use technology such as Global Positioning System (GPS), laptop computers, the mobile phone, Geographic Information System (GIS), Google Maps.

http://socialight.com

http://stoneblog.stonesoft.com/2009/07/smc-videos-geolocations/ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F9lE_M6qvrY

Geotagging
is the process of adding geographical identification metadata to various media such as photographs, video, websites. These data usually consist of latitude, and longitude coordinates, though they can also include altitude, bearing, accuracy data, and place names.

Locative Art

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zWBvRAWx8ZI http://www.gpsdrawing.com ( GPS Drawing )

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UweM9XFhqT4

The Global Pet Finder GPS Pet Tracker

Yes, GPS systems are no longer just for men!

$350.00

$400.00! RoamEO

EXAMPLE OF USING NAVIGATIONAL TECHNIQUES

Mscape is a mobile media gaming platform under development by Hewlett
Packard that can be used to create location-based games. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BUOHfVXkUaI

1.Download the mscape software to your Windows PC. 2.Connect your mobile device to your PC and use the mscape library to copy the player and the starter mediascape onto it. 3.Start the mscape player and load the starter mediascape. 4.Go outside and play! You will need a clear view of the sky so your device can get a stablee GPS location fix.

http://www.mscapers.com/

RFID tags contains two parts : 1) Integrated circuit
For storing and processing information, modulating and demodulating a radio-frequency (RF) signal.

2)Antenna
For receiving and transmitting the signal.

RFID Readers

There are three types of tags: 1)Active RFID tags:
Contain a battery and can transmit signals autonomously.

2) Passive RFID tags:
No Battery and require an external source to provoke signal transmission.

3) Battery assisted passive (BAP) :
Which require an external source to wake up but have significant higher forward link capability provoking great read range. .

Current uses of RFID

IT Asset Tracking Race Timing Passports Mobile payment Transportation payments RFID and asset management Product tracking Biometric passport Lap scoring Transportation and logistics Animal identification Inventory systems Promotion tracking Libraries Schools and universities Museums
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eob532iEpqk&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ATAdk4X4FPA&feature=related

Navigation:
Navigation is the process of reading, and controlling the movement of a craft or vehicle from one place to another. Most modern navigation relies primarily on positions determined electronically by receivers collecting information from satellites.

Modern navigation methods:
1. Sensor navigating --Dead reckoning (DR) is the process of estimating one's current position based upon a previously determined position. The system uses a computer motion sensors (accelerometers) and rotation sensors (gyroscopes) ) which are very widely used.

http://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov/SeaWiFS/TEACHERS/NAVIGATION/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dead_reckoning http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radar_navigation

2. Electronic navigation -- Radio navigation is the application of radio frequencies to determining a position on the Earth. Example: Real time Locating Systems. -- Radar navigation.(Radar is an object detection system that uses electromagnetic waves to
identify the range, altitude, direction, or speed of both moving and fixed objects).

3. Satellite navigation Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) is the standard generic term for satellite navigation systems that provide autonomous geo-spatial positioning with global coverage. Example: Global Positioning System (GPS).

How do satellites transmit the information to the user? Satellite Based Augmentation System (SBAS)

Ground-based Regional Augmentation System (GRAS)

http://www.facebook.com/video/video.php?v=1168764391786

http://www.nws.ei.tum.de/research/index_html

//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satellite_Based_Augmentation_System#Satellite_Based_Augmentation_System

Ultrasonic
Easy method of distance measurement. Useful in security systems or as an infrared replacement

http://www.audaud.com/article.php?ArticleID=6105

iBar

system for the interactive design of any barcounter. Integrated video-projectors can project any content on the milky bar-surface. The intelligent tracking system of iBar detects all objects touching the surface. This input is used to let the projected content interact dynamically with the movements on the counter. Objects can be illuminated at their position or virtual objects can be "touched" with the fingers.

Accuracy
Based on the area that technology can cover Sensing Type IR beacons + smart Badges RF + smart badges RFID Ultrasonic WLAN GPS Accuracy Room Room Can be made accurate to less than 3 m Accurate to 10 cm 1-10m 10-50m

Accuracy Based on resolution quality
GPS HAS THE BEST RESOLUTION QUALITY Although GPS can provide accuracy of approximately 1 to 3 meters this is not possible under all circumstances and for all devices. Inexpensive GPS receivers can only locate positions to within 10 metres 95 percent of the time. The percentage of the times that the prescribed accuracy is achieved is called precision of the system.