Gerunds and Infinitives | Verb | Linguistic Morphology

FCE B - Grammar reference

1....is used after these main verbs:
Admit Appreciate Consider Enjoy Escape Face Delay Feel like Mind Resent Deny Finish Miss Risk Detest Dislike Forgive Give up Postpone Practise Suggest
Understand

Imagine Involve Mention Prefer Put off
Recommend

e.g.: I appreciate going to the movies with her. You need to finish reading that book.

2.

...is used after an adjective, verb or noun followed by a preposition:

e.g.: She’s really good at swimming He apologised for arriving late.
I quite like the thought of working in a travel agency.

3.

...is also used in some fixed expressions:

e.g.: I can’t bear listening to people who
complain. I can’t help feeling that he’s cheating us. That book is not worth reading.

1.

...is used after these main verbs:
Agree Appear Arrange Ask Attempt Bear Fail Learn Begin Forget Like Choose Consent Hate Manage Help Mean Decide Determine Expect Hesitate Offer Seem Hope Prefer Start Intend

Afford Care Happen Love Propose

Prepare Pretend Promise Swear
Try Wish

Refuse Remember

Want

e.g.: I can’t afford to eat in that restaurant. I hate to go shopping with Alice, I prefer to go there with my family.

2.

...is used after some adjectives:

e.g.: I was happy to see her. They were wrong to refuse.
3.

...is used after some nouns:

e.g.: She never regretted her decision to be a teacher. It’s time to leave. He has no wish to become involved in the matter.
4.

...is also used to express purpose:

e.g.: I wanna go to Montréal to visit my cousins.

o

These verbs are followed by object + infinitive with to :
Allow Force Leave Persuade Tell Ask Get Like Prefer Tempt Cause Hate Mean Press Trouble Command Encourage Help Need
Recommend

Advise Forbid Invite Permit Teach

Expect Intend Order Request Wish

Instruct Oblige Remind Warn

Want

e.g.: He asked me to help him. Her parents forbade her to see Tom again. The principal recommended us to stop fighting.

1.

...is used after these main verbs followed by an object + infinitive (without to): let, make, hear, help and see. let make hear see

e.g.: The teacher made us repeat the exercises. Their parents don’t let them stay out late. We heard his play in Zurich. Watch Out! In passive sentences, the verbs above are sentences followed by an infinitive with to. e.g.: My parents let me stay out late. I am allowed to stay out late by my parents.

...is used after modal verbs. e.g.: You must leave now! She can sleep here.
2.

...is used after would rather/had better : e.g.: You’d better come in now.
3.

1.

Can’t bear/stand, hate, like, love, prefer When these verbs above are used with the infinitive ,they refer to more specific situations. When they are used with the gerund, they refer to more general situtions. The difference in meaning is very slight:
e.g.: I prefer to work on a computer than to write by hand. I can’t stand listening to her complaining all the time.

2)

Remember, forget, regret, stop, try

• remember/forget + ing refers to na action that happened before the moment of remembering/forgetting; •remember/forget + infinitive refers to an action after the moment of remember/forgetting.
e.g.: I remember seeing you somewhere before (=
that I have seen you) Did you remember to lock the door? She had completely forgotten telling him about her

 Regret

+ ing means be sorry about an action in the past.  Regret + infinitive means be sorry about an action in the past e.g.: I regret going to the party last night I regret to have to tell you that your car has been stolen.

 Stop

+ ing means stop something you

do Stop + infinitive with to means stop in order to do something e.g.: I stopped drinking coffee because it kept me awake at night. We stopped to have a coffee on the way home.

 Try

+ ing means do an experiment (doing the action may not be successful) Try + infinitive means make an effort (the action may be difficult or impossible to do)

e.g.: Try studing at a different time of day – it might suit you better. Try to study at regular times.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful