Awareness Workshop on “Integrated Water

Management” at New Delhi


Under
World Bank funded
Hydrology Project-II

New Delhi
29
th
Jan., 2014




Presentation By:
Executive Engineer, Hydrology Cell
H.P, I&P.H. Department


 Location
North latitudes 30
0
22‟ - 33
0
12‟
East longitudes 75
0
45‟ - 79
0
04‟
• Geographical Area: 55,673 sq.km
• Capital : Shimla
• No. of District : 12
• Total Population : 68,64,602
(2011 census)
• Population Density: 123 person
/sq.km
• Bounded by
North : Jammu & Kashmir
Northeast : China(Tibet)
Southeast : Uttrakhand
South : Haryana
West : Punjab

Himachal Pradesh at a Glance
Physiography

• Outer Himalayas/Siwaliks
(350 m to 1500 m amsl)

• The Lesser Himalayan Range
(1500-5000 m amsl)

• The Great Himalayan Range
(5000 – 6000 m amsl)

• Zanskar Range
(>6000 m amsl)
Hydrometerology
 Climate:
 Sub-humid tropical (450-900 m)
 Warm and temperate (900 – 2400 m)
 Cold alpine and glacial (>2400 m)

 Average Annual Rainfall : 1100-1200 mm
 Maximum Rainfall : Dharamshala
(3400mm)
 Average Annual Temperature: 19° C
 Average Rainy Days/year : 62

Drainage System
The drainage system is composed of rivers and glaciers.
The drainage systems of the region are the Chandra Bhaga or
the Chenab, the Ravi, the Beas, the Sutlej and the Yamuna.
Pre HP-II Position
 No systematic mechanism for collection , processing,
analysis, storage and dissemination of hydrological data.
 Number of data collector agencies working in water tight
compartments, resulting in:
* inadequate network
* protocol not followed
* data available in piecemeal
* no validation
* less reliable thus of limited use
* duplicity of stations
 Adverse effect on planning of water resource sector projects
due to lack of reliable and easily accessible data.
Data Collector/User Agencies In H.P

1. HP-IPH 13. HP Agriculture
Deptt.
2. HP-Horticulture University 14. HP Tourism Deptt.
3. HP-Agriculture University 15. HP Town &
Country Planning
deptt.
4. HP.PWD 16. HP Him Urja
deptt.
5. HP-Science & Technology 17. HP Envir. & Pollution
council Control Board
6. HP-Forest Department 18. HP RDD
7. BBMB 19. CGWB
8. HP Revenue deptt. 20. IMD
9. HP Health deptt. 21. Professional
Institutes
10. HP Fishery deptt. 22. NGOs / KVS/WUA
11. HP Industry deptt. 23. CWC
12. HP Horticulture deptt. 24. Urban Local Bodies


How It Began……

Preparatory work Year 2004-2005
 Series of interactive workshops, meetings
and seminars
 Interaction with resource persons from
MoWR
 Notification of HP,IPH Department as Nodal
Agency
 Extensive interaction with other stakeholder
organizations in the State
 Rounds of discussion within the Agency

Preparation Of Project Proposal
 Need Assessment done by :
* Collection of baseline information-existing network of
various organizations, data collection, analysis, storage
& dissemination mechanism….
* Literature study-WMO Manuals, HP Resource CD, WQ
lab manual ….
* Consultation with Central Expert Agencies
CWC,CGWB, CPCB
* Help from HP-I states
* World Bank’s assistance to envisage provision for
various activities, estimated unit cost based on HP-I
experience.
 Resulted in comprehensive Project Proposal that required
only marginal adjustments till date.

Project Development Objective


To Improve and Develop an Integrated
and Comprehensive Hydrological Data
Collection and Information System for
Improved Productivity and Cost
Effectiveness of Water Related
Investments in the Country.




Hydrology Project Phase-II
World Bank approved a credit of US$ 104.98 Million to
the Govt. of India for the Hydrology Project-II. (IBRD Ln.
No 4749-IN). The total cost of the Project is US$ 135.01
Million
Himachal Pradesh is one of the four new States
participating in this Project.
A/A & E/S was accorded by the Govt. of H.P. in March,
2006 for Rs.49.5038 crore.
The Project was originally proposed to be implemented
over a period of six years starting April 5, 2006.
Project period was extended by 23 months in 2012 and
the revised closing date of the project is May 31
st
, 2014.


Total sanctioned Cost of Project for Himachal Pradesh
was Rs.49.50 Crore. The Cost table was revised in Dec.,
2013 for
Rs. 58.33 Crore .
 Institutional Strengthening:
 Awareness Raising, Dissemination And Knowledge Sharing.
 Implementation Support
 Horizontal Expansion:
 Upgrading/Establishment of Data Collection Network.
 Establishment of Data Processing and Management Systems.
 Purpose-driven Studies.
 Training.
 Recurrent Cost :
 Staff & Network O & M Cost.
The Project has three main components:
Project Implementation Mechanism
For overall administrative, financial and
management coordination:
 State level Hydrological Information System
Steering Committee
 headed by Chief Secretary, GoHP
 State level Hydrological Information System
Coordination Committee
 headed by Additional Chief Secretary/Principal
Secretary(IPH), GoHP


Institutional Set Up
Expert
Group
(PDS)
Project Coordinator
Expert
Group
(SW)
Expert
Group
(GW)
Expert
group
(WQ)
Hydrology Cell
Hydrology
C&M Divn.
Expert
Group
(Met)
Expert
group
(DC)
Sub Div.
Mandi
Sub Div.
Shimla
Sub Div.
Nahan
Sub Div.
Palampur
Sub Div.
santokgarh
Sub Div.
Nurpur
Financial Status
(All figures Rs. in Lakh)

Sr.
No
Financial
Year
Expenditure Claim filed
Gross amt.
Claim filed
Net amount
Claim
received
1 2006-07 218.59
77.03 61.44 14.06
2 2007-08 303.68
235.18 189.17 216.25
3 2008-09 459.16
432.43 342.29 327.12
4 2009-10 589.71
625.23 513.59 480.59
5 2010-11 823.26
587.23 486.36 437.93
6 2011-12 850.05
915.18 777.08 858.71
7 2012-13 965.62
865.42 713.99 749.26
8 2013-14
(upto Dec.,
2013)
589.427
742.91 640.29 640.27
Total up to 12/2013 4799.497
4480.61 3724.21 3724.19
Ground Water Component
Activities Provision Status
Deep wells
(piezometers borewells)
80 80 borewells installed
Digital Water Level
Recorders (DWLRs)
80 10 DWLRs installed in 2010.
Installation work of balance 70
nos. in progress & 65 have been
installed. Data being compiled in
State Data Centre, Mandi.
Submersible pump/GW
Sampler pump
3 Procurement completed. Pumps
being used for GW sampling.
Field equipment (Vehicle
mounted Bore hole logger)
1 Tender awarded .
Location of Piezometers
in District Kangra

Location of Piezometers
in District Una

Location of Piezometers
in District Kullu

Data Retrieval from DWLR at Haroli & Amb

Ground Water Year Book
Hydrometeorological Component

Activities Provision Status Remarks
Standard Rain Gauge
(SRG)
101 Installation completed Data for 69 being
received .
Data flow started in
Nov., 2010
Automatic RG
(Automatic &
Autographic)
85 13 Automatic RG (Tipping Bucket
Type) and 22 Autographic RG installed
and commissioned in first phase.
50 ARG with telemetry , approved by
World bank as additional activity in
April, 2012 also installed and
commissioned .
Data being received
.
Fully Climatic Stations
(Manual )
4 Commissioned Data being received
from Jan., 2011.
Automatic Weather
station
4 2 stations installed . 2 additional
stations approved in April, 2012 under
installation.
Data for 2 stations
being received.
Standard snow gauge 16 Tender has been awarded and material likely to be received
in Feb,. 2014.
Location of Rain gauges installed under
Hydrology Project-II, Himachal Pradesh

Standard Rain Gauge (SRG)
Autographic Rain Gauge
(ARG)
ARG Sites At Nurpur & Banikhet

FCS Narkanda
FCS Chamba


FCS Rajgarh
AWS & ARG Demonstration
Jogindernagar
Una
Surface Water Component
Activities Provision Status
New River Gauge stations
(Standard Gauge)
35
Work complete.
New RG stations (Automatic
Water Level Recorder – Cable
bubbler)
25
Installation completed. Work in progress
for additional work required to protect
bubbler tube of 25 nos. AWLR.
Bank Operated Cable way
(BOC)
8
Installation Work in progress.
Site stores 17
16 completed and work is in progress for
remaining 1 store.
Current meter (propeller) 8
Procurement completed.
Current meter (standard) 70
Procurement completed.
Current meter (pigmy) 24
Procurement completed.
Frame winch Bridge outfit 9
Procurement completed.
Discharge measuring weirs 1
Work completed.
5
3
0
1
4 4
0 0
1
0 0 0
11
4
2
0
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
Beas
Basin
Satluj
Basin
Ravi
Basin
Chenab
Basin
Bridge outfits
Bank operated
Cableways
Head weirs
Manual sites
35 Gauge and Discharge (G&D) Sites including 25 sites with Automatic
Cable bubbler have been proposed in the State except area covered
under Yamuna Basin
G&d Site 32 Mile ,Kangra

G&D Site In Una Distt.

AWLR Sites

Nauti khad, Shimla Distt.
Swan khad, Una Distt.
AWLR Sites

Surgan, Chamba Distt.
Head Weir Site At Patlikuhal, Kullu


BOC Site At Gutkar, Mandi Distt.

Field demo of
Bridge outfits
Field Demonstration of Current
Meter
Water Quality Component.
Activities Provision Status
Level 1 lab
buildings
6 Work completed.
Level 2 lab
buildings
2 Completed
CW Level 2+ lab
building
1 Completed.
Level 1 lab
equipment
12 Procured. Labs are functional.
Level 2 lab
equipment
2 Procured. Labs are functional at Mandi &
Dharamshala.
Level 2+ lab
equipment
1 Part equipment likely to be received shortly.
Procurement of AAS, GC, TOC analyser
under process.
Level II Lab at Mandi

Level II Lab at Dharamshala

Data Center Network
Activities Provision Status
State - Data centres (SDC) 1 Completed. State Data
Center, Mandi made
functional in May, 2012.
Divisional office Data centre
buildings (DDC)
4 Completed.
Sub-divisional Office Data
centre (SDDC)buildings
12 Completed.
Section Office buildings 42 Completed.
State Data Centre, Mandi
Divisional Data Center, GWO, Una
DDC/SDDC Buildings
1. Impact of Sewerage Effluent on Drinking Water Sources of Shimla
City & Suggesting Ameliorative Measures.
 Study was conducted by NIH, Roorkee and IPH Deptt. jointly.
 Data collection, sampling, testing and analysis was done by NIH,
Roorkee.
 2 trainings on Water Quality convened at HIPA under the study.
 The final report has been received and IPH Deptt. has initiated action on
its recommendation.
2. Study on Ground Water Quality Characteristic In Industrial
Predominant Areas Of H.P.
 PEC, University of Technology engaged as consultant for carrying out
the study.
 20 additional borewells were drilled to observe GW quality in study area.
 Testing of water samples and analysis has been completed and draft
final report is expected in first week of Feb., 2014

Purpose Driven Studies (PDS)
3. Study of Impact of River / Khad Bed Mining on Water Sources
(Water Winning Structures) & Evolution of Policy & Guidelines
To Prevent Adverse Impact.
 Department of Hydrology, IIT, Roorkee has been engaged as
Consultant for this study.
 Primary and secondary data collection has been completed except
for satellite imageries , delivery of which is expected shortly.
 Last round of water sample analysis is in progress.
Outcome Of Completed PDS
 NIH, Roorkee conducted PDS on Impact of Sewage Effluent on Drinking Water Sources of
Shimla City and suggesting Ameliorative Measure's as some cases of Jaundice were
reported from parts of Shimla City in the year 2006-07.

Final report was received in May, 2013.

NIH recommended measures, like installation of ultra filtration membrane or ozone
treatment, to improve the performance of Water Treatment Plant

 Performance study of Sewage Treatment Plant was also recommended.

Taking note of non seasonal jaundice cases, an Inter departmental Sub-Group was
constituted in March, 2013 to investigate its cause.

The findings of this Sub Group were discussed in the meetings held under the
Chairmanship of Additional Chief Secretary (IPH) to the Govt. of H.P.

Considering the recommendations of NIH it was decided that Techno Commercial proposal
be prepared for installing Ultra filtration membrane and ozone treatment system at WTP. It
also decided to have the performance of STP validated by engaging appropriate agency.

The I&PH Department is accordingly working on there proposals and it is expected that the
study recommendation would soon transform into reality.
MoU for Data Sharing
Purpose.

Comprehensive data collection and information system

Synergy in system

Optimum utilization of resources

Uniform Protocol

One shop stop for Hydrological data

MoU Signatory Agencies
Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam(Previous Nathpa Jhakri
Power Corpn. Ltd)
H.P.,State Electricity Board
H.P.,Power Corporation Limited
Youngthang Power Ventures limited
Jai Prakash Hydro Power Ltd.
Jaypee Karcham Hydro Power Ltd.
Himachal Sorang power Pvt. Ltd.
Bhakra Beas Management Board.
National Hydro Power Corporation
National Thermal Power Corporation.
Dr.Y.S.Parmar UHF, Nauni
CSK HPKV, Palampur

Trainings








 So far 650 officers/ officials have undergone various training under
Hydrology Project-II.
 4 Officers have attended International training course at IHE Netherlands.
 Institutes associated with the Trainings:
 National Institute of Hydrology, Roorkee and Belgaum.
 National Water academy, Pune.
 Administrative Staff College of India, Hyderabad.
 Engineering Staff College of India, Hyderabad.
 IMD Training Institute New Delhi and Pune.
 Rajiv Gandhi National Ground Water Training and Research Institute,
Raipur, Chattisgarh.
 CGWB Training Institute, Faridabad.
 CPCB.
 HIPA.
Major Training Initiatives
 Courses on Water Quality organized at HIPA with NIH,
Roorkee.
 Programs on computer skill regarding data handling over
internet organized at HIPA.
 Courses on GIS organized at HIPA.
 Courses on SWDES organized at HIPA with NIH,Roorkee.
 Courses on Method of Measurement of Discharge on the
G&D stations over rivers organized at HIPA and IPH
training Centre, Mandi with CWC.
 Course on ‘ Hydromet Observer’s organized at HIPA with
IMD.
 Officers / Officials nominated to attend training courses at
NIH Roorkee, Kakinada, NWA Pune, IMD Delhi ,IMD Pune,
CGWB Faridabad,Raipur and CPCB Delhi, Bangluru.


Workshops

 Conceptual Workshop on Hydrology Project Phase – II held at
Shimla in Aug., 2006
 One Day Workshop for Financial Management Reporting held
at Shimla in Nov., 2007.
 Awareness Raising Workshop held at Shimla in Feb., 2008.
 Awareness Raising Workshop held at Dharamshala in Jan.
2009.
 Awareness raising workshop held at Amb, Distt. Una in March,
2012.
 Awareness raising workshop held at SDC, Mandi, in April,
2012.
 Awareness raising workshop held at Palampure, Distt. Kangra,
in May, 2012.
 Awareness raising workshop held at State Data Centre ,
Mandi, in November, 2013.
Study Tours

 Study tour for Senior and Middle level officers for
Gujarat and Maharashtra organised in 2007.
 Study tour for Middle & Junior level officers for
Karnataka & Andhra Pradesh organised in 2008.
 Study tour for Senior and Middle level officers for
Karnataka, Goa and Kerela convened in 2009.
 Study tour for Middle & Junior level officers for
Maharashtra & Goa organised in 2013.
Activities at State Data Centre
 Data Processing
 Analysis & Reporting
Data Storage & Data Dissemination
 Data Processing is a broad term covering all activities from
receiving observed records to making them available in
usable form.
 The raw data is passed through series of operation, as:
Data entry
Making necessary validation checks
In-filling missing values in a data series
Processing of raw data to estimate required variables
Compilation of data in different forms and
Analysis of data for commonly required statistics etc.



Data recording / collection
Type Type of
measurement
Collection/
Recording
Form of
data
Receipt of
data
SRG Daily Daily
(Handwritten)
Hard &
soft
Fortnightly
ARG Hourly Daily (Graphs ) Hard &
soft
Fortnightly
TBR Hourly Monthly
(Digital)
Digital Monthly
FCS Daily, twice daily,
Hourly
Daily
(Handwritten &
graphs)
Hard &
soft
Fortnightly
AWS Hourly Monthly
(Digital)
Digital Monthly
Pieozometer
(Manual)
Pre & post
Monsoon
Manual in May
& November
Hard &
soft
In June &
Nov.
DWLR 6 Hourly Daily (Digital) Digital Telemetric



Types Of Data Entry At State Data Centre
Hydrometerologi
cal Data
• Daily Rainfall Data
• Hourly Rainfall data
• Climatic data
• Temperature
• Relative Humidity
• Evaporation
• Sunshine
• Wind direction
• Wind velocity
Surface Water
Data
• Flow measurement
data
• Water Level Data

Ground Water
Data
• DWLR Data of
Piezometers
• Manual Data of
Piezometers

 SWDES
 EXCEL
 SWDES
 EXCEL
 EXCEL
Example :- Screening of single year ( 2011) SRG Stations daily
rainfall data
VALIDATION (SWDES)
VALIDATION (SWDES)
Example :- Graphical Comparison of SRG daily rainfall data and
ARG hourly rainfall data of Chailchowk Station, Distt. Mandi ( Date
:- 07 July 2012)
Example :- Graphical Comparison of 3 SRG Stations daily rainfall
data for the year 2011 in Distt. Mandi
VALIDATION (SWDES)
Example :- Comparison of climatic data ( Temperature) of 4 FCS
stations
VALIDATION (SWDES)
GROUND WATER ENTRY & MONITORING IN EXCEL
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
2010 9.98 9.95 10.45 10.74 10.94 11.28 11.27 10.65 9.33 9.00 8.79 9.40
2011 8.97 8.92 9.44 9.93 10.56 10.61 11.10 10.40 9.68 9.09 9.18 9.57
2012 9.09 9.03 9.62 9.95 10.38 11.18 11.67 11.05 9.54 8.48 8.62 8.73
0.00
2.00
4.00
6.00
8.00
10.00
12.00
14.00
D
e
p
t
h

t
o

W
a
t
e
r

L
e
v
e
l

(
m
)

GW Fluctuation at Dangoh in Distt. Una GW Fluctuation at Surdwan in Distt. Kangra
GROUND WATER ENTRY & MONITORING IN EXCEL
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
2010 17.13 17.40 17.86 18.23 18.47 18.27 17.86 17.00 15.90 15.13 15.51 16.07
2011 15.89 16.30 16.63 16.96 17.26 17.33 17.29 16.89 15.72 15.89 16.37 16.60
2012 16.48 16.79 17.32 17.59 18.01 18.46 18.28 17.38 16.49 16.25 16.61 16.82
0.00
2.00
4.00
6.00
8.00
10.00
12.00
14.00
16.00
18.00
20.00
D
e
p
t
h

t
o

W
a
t
e
r

L
e
v
e
l

(
m
)

GW Fluctuation at Baddi in Distt. Solan
HISTORICAL DATA ENTRY / AVAILABILITY
STATUS
Sr. No. Agency Stations
Period
Remarks
From To
1 REVENUE 130 1956 2005 Partly available
2 IMD 79 2008 2010
Partly available
3 BBMB 12 1965 April 2013
Partly available
4 Forest 2 2006 2009
Partly available
5 UHF Nauni 1 1-1-2011 31-12-2012
6
CSKVHPKV
Palampur 6 1970 March 2013
Partly available

Daily Rainfall Data:-
Surface Water Data:-
Discharge data from BBMB,NHPC,SJVNL ,
HPPCL and other 13 private hydro developers
received in hard copies and is being
computerized
Sr. No. Agency Stations Period Remarks
From To
1 BBMB 12 1962 April 2013 Partly available
2 NHPC 6 July 2010 December
2012
3 HPPCL 8 1976 2011 Partly available
4 SJVNL 3 2005 July 2012 Partly available
CURRENT DATA ENTRY / AVAILABILITY STATUS
FOR HP-II NETWORK
I &PH Department Stations
 Daily Rainfall Data (SRG) 69 stations from Nov-2010 onwards
 Hourly Rainfall Data (ARG) 23 Stations from April- 2011 onwards
 Hourly Rainfall Data (ARG T.B.) 12 Stations from June -2012 onwards
 Climatic Data (FCS) 04 stations from April-2011 onwards
 Weather Data (AWS) 02 stations from June-2012 onwards
IMD Stations
 Daily Rainfall Data 79 stations from June- 2012 onwards

A. HYDROMETEROLOGICAL DATA
I &PH Department
Piezometer Wells 70 stations from Jan- 2010 onwards
10 stations from Jan-2011 onwards
Piezometer (DWLR Data) 10 stations from Jan- 2010 onwards

B. GROUND WATER DATA
Data Dissemination Policy
 As decided in the State Level Steering Committee, Data Dissemination
Policy for ground water domain has been notified in July, 2011.
Ground water data rates:













Details available on IPH website, Hydrology Project – II link.
 Draft policy prepared for surface water(meteorological) data dissemination.
Item Rate in (Rs.)
1. Water Level Data
a) 4 times data of one year of one Station- complete
record
500/ + Media & Postal Cost
a) High frequency water level data (6 Hourly data)- One
Station per month -
500/ + Media & Postal Cost
1. Water Quality Data
a) Base line Parameters
(Temp., EC,PH,NO
2,
NO
3
, Total P,K,Na,Ca,
Mg,CO
3
,HCO
3
,Cl, SO
4
,CoD,SiO
2
,F,B)
one complete record
500/ + Media & Postal Cost
a) Trend cum Surveillance
(F,Fe,As,Cd,Hg,Zn,Na,K,Ca,Mg,CO
3
,HC0
3
, Cl,SO
4
,Total
& Faecal Coliforms)
one complete record
500/ + Media & Postal Cost

Surface water data rates
Strength of Our System

•Single agency for surface and ground water.

•Keen Interest and quick decisions by State level Steering
and Coordination Committees.

•Continuity of key officers.

•Support from PCS, TAMC and Central Expert Agencies,
especially their Officers posted in State.

•Guidance from World Bank.

•Strong Liaison with other State Departments, Boards,
Corporations & Educational organizations



Weakness



•„Off the league‟ with the routine departmental
works causes general apprehension.

•Not many people interested for posting or
continuing.

• On completion people eager to move out of the
project due to uncertainty of further postings.

•Small works spread over the entire State lead to
higher operational difficulties.