Participating

States
A.P.
Chhattisgarh
Gujarat
M.P.
Maharashtra
Karnataka
Kerala
Orissa
Tamil Nadu
Participating
Central Agencies
CWC
CGWB
CWPRS
NIH (Nodal Agency)
IMD
CPCB
Decision
A reasoned choice among alternatives

Definition of a DSS
Computer based systems integrating tools and
databases that assist a decision-maker in making
informed decisions and analyze consequences.
Misconception: A DSS takes decisions
o Using a DSS, a project manager is able to
make rational use of resources without an
in-depth knowledge of modeling techniques
o Provides timely information
o Communicate result to a larger audience
o Open and unbiased working
o Scenario analysis
Surface water planning
Integrated operation of reservoirs
Conjunctive surface and ground water
planning
Drought monitoring, assessment and
management
Management of surface and ground water
quality
Member Name Concerned State
Mr. D. S. Rathore Maharashtra
Dr. M. K. Goel Kerala
Dr. A. K. Lohani Tamil Nadu
Dr. R. P. Pandey Orissa
Dr. Anupma Sharma Gujarat
Dr. Surjeet Singh Chattisgarh
Dr. Sanjay Kumar Maharashtra
Dr. B. Venkatesh Karnataka
Mr. Ravi Galkate Madhya Pradesh
Dr. P. C. Nayak Andhra Pradesh
• A river basin is divided into a number of sub-
basins based on the location of hydraulic
structures and hydrological network
• A hydrological model (NAM) is calibrated for
each sub-basin to estimate the hydrological
components (evaporation, rainfall recharge,
overland flow, interflow and base flow) ~ Soul
• An allocation model (MIKE Basin) in
conjunction with hydrological inputs is used
to allocate the available SW and GW ~ Heart
• DSS is used to analyze scenarios ~ Brain
Objective
• NAM model provides a conceptual representation
of land phase of hydrological cycle and simulates
rainfall-runoff processes at the catchment scale.
Basic data requirements
• Precipitation time series
• Temperature time series (for snow melt modeling)
• Evapo-transpiration time series
• Observed discharge time series
Basic model outputs
• Catchment runoff
• Subsurface contributions (base flow, interflow)
• Actual evapo-transpiration
• Groundwater recharge and levels
• Soil moisture storage content
• Process and analyse GIS and time series information
• Publish selected information (general, drought, flood..)
• Model applications for long-term/short-term planning
Model explorer
Model
structure
Properties
Tools
Specific runoff in the basin
Rain fall distribution
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
For given scenarios of planned water allocation:
 What is the risk of reaching critically low
levels in coming dry season?
 What is the likelihood of filling the reservoir
in the coming wet season?
Combined use of SW & GW in Sri Ram Sagar Project
 Scenario I: no restriction on SW use
 Scenario II: limited SW abstraction by head and
middle section users permitted
To study viability of inter sub-basin water transfer during
monsoon to rain shadow regions to augment ground resource.
 Drought Indicators
 Assessing the impact of check dams and
artificial recharge measures
Combined management of
reservoirs and water transfers
within Sriramsagar project
area including its Stage-II
extension
Providing water for all
sectors considering the
increased demands
Crop selection and
corresponding water
requirement of command
area
Balancing head end and tail
end abstractions
Groundwater seasonal
planning and artificial
recharge
Assessment of surface and
ground Water availability
in Wainganga basin
Seasonal planning of
Sanjay Sarovar reservoir
project
Impact of changes in
cropping pattern,
particularly in dry years
Impact of rehabilitation of
infrastructure
Identification of efficient
use of existing and under-
construction projects
 Operation analysis of Tandula reservoir
 Conjunctive use in command areas
 Benefits of changes in cropping pattern and canal
lining
 Inter basin Transfer (from RSP to Tandula Tank)
 Groundwater seasonal planning and artificial
recharge
 Conjunctive use of SW & GW in Hirakud command
 Mitigation of water logging through increased GW
pumping in Hirakud command
 Benefits of changing cropping pattern in Hirakud
command
 Benefits of changing cropping pattern in Upper
Tel basin
 Drought management measures in Upper Tel basin
Drought management
measures in Palar basin
Impact of changing
cropping pattern and
artificial recharge in
Palar basin
Climate change
application for one sub-
catchment in Palar basin
Conjunctive use of SW &
GW in Tungabhadra
command
Seasonal planning of
Tungabhadra reservoir
Tungabhadra
Dam
Palar
River
Basin
Evaluate and compare
scenarios for water
management in basin
Inter-basin transfer for
conjunctive use
Impact of artificial
recharge in a sub-basin
Impact of changing
cropping pattern
Sustainable
environmental flows for
ensuring acceptable
water quality
Hydropower analysis
Impact of increasing
efficiency of water
management
Water management scenarios
in drought-prone areas
Reduced periods of
inundation in low-sloping
command areas through
conjunctive use, weather
forecasts, improved drainage
Assessment and monitoring
of surface and GW quality
Seasonal planning for
Patadungri command
Increasing competition
between domestic,
industrial and agricultural
water demands
Evaluating integrated
reservoir operation to
minimize the effects of
drought and flooding
Conjunctive use of SW & GW
in command area
Assessing the water
pollution on Ujjani from
upstream irrigation,
municipal, and industrial
waste
Seasonal planning for
reservoir systems
A number of tanks in the catchment area
o Maximum efforts made for setting up of Mike
SHE model for the selected basins
Training courses
o More that 20
common courses
o Total duration: 38
weeks
o Two courses in
Denmark (6/3 weeks)
o Detailed ToT for NIH
Nodal Officers
• Software manual &
Training manual
• Workshops and high-level
awareness
• Brochures
• web site
(dssplanning.dhigroup.com)
• You Tube,…
Training of State Personnel
Licensing Issues
Software Up-gradation
DSS (P) Studies for other basins
DSS(P) Sustainability Issues
THANKS