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Ship Terminology

Lec. 1
Dr. Arwa Hussein



Hull: The structural body of a ship including shell plating, framing,
decks and bulkheads.
Afterbody : That portion of a ships hull abaft midships.
Forebody: That portion of a ships hull forward midships.
Bow : The forward of the ship
Stern : The after end of the ship
Port :The left side of the ship when looking forward
Starboard : The right side of the ship when looking forward
Design Waterline (DWL) or Load Waterline (LWL) : The waterline at
which the ship will float when loaded to its designed draught.
Forward Perpendicular (FP) : The vertical line at the point of
intersection of the LWL and the forward end of the immersed part of the
ships hull.
After Perpendicular (AP) : The vertical line at the point of intersection
of the LWL and the centerline of the rudderstock.
Midships () : The point midway between the forward and after
perpendiculars.



Length of Waterline (LWL) : The waterline at which the ship will float
when fully loaded .
Length Overall (L OA) : The total length of the ship from one end to the
other, including bow and stern overhangs.
Length Between Perpendiculars (L BP) : The distance measured parallel
to the base at the level of the design waterline from the after perpendicular
to the forward perpendicular.
or other designated point on the stern.
Moulded Beam or Breadth (B) : The distance from the inside of plating
on one side to a similar point on the other side measured at the broadest
part of the ship.

Deck Camber : The rise of the deck of the ship in going from the side to the centre.
In older ships the camber curve used to be parabolic but in modern ships straight
line camber curves are used or there may be no camber at all on decks.
Bilge Radius : The radius of the circular arc forming the bilge.
Flat of Keel (Half Siding) : The width of flat bottom plating on each side of the
centre girder.
Deadrise (Rise of Floor) : The amount by which the line of the outer bottom
plating amidships rises above the baseline. Therefore, it is the difference in height
between the baseline and the point where the straight line through the bottom flat
surface intersects the vertical line through the side of the moulded surface at its
widest point.
Parallel Middle Body : The portion of the ship over which the midship section
remains unchanged. In this part of the ship water lines and buttocks have no
curvature; that is, all the fore and aft lines are


Form Coefficient

Block Coefficient


Prismatic Coefficient


Mid ship section Coefficient

Mid ship section and water plane area
coefficients


End of Lecture