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CONDUCTOMETRY

METHOD
By: ROHAYATI, S.Pd
Translated by: Nurul Kusumawati., S.Pd
SMK Negeri 13 Bandung
What is Conductometric Method ?
The analytical chemistry
method by changes in the
composition of solution so it
can be detected
Another method of end-point
detection
Translated by: Nurul. K.,S.Pd
The Various of conductant
solutions, with:
Number
Size
Charge of the ions

Note : ions of different species would
be expected to contribute
differently to the conductivity
of a given solution
Translated by: Nurul. K.,S.Pd
Conductance (L) of a solution can be
represented by the expression :

L = B C
i

i
Z
i





B = constant characteristic of geometry and size
of conductance cell
= equivalent ionic conductance
C = molar concentration of the individual ion
Z = ionic charge of the individual ion
Translated by: Nurul. K.,S.Pd
Table: Equivalent ionic
conductance at 25
0
C
Cations
0
+
Anions
0
-
H
3
O
+
349,8 OH
-
198
Li
+
38,7 Cl
-
76,3
Na
+
50,1 Br
-
78,4
K
+
73,5 I
-
76,8
NH
4
+
73,4 NO
3
-
71,4
Ag
+
61,9 ClO
4
-
68
1/2Mg
2+
53,1 C
2
H
3
O
2
-

40,9
1/2Ca
2+
59,5 1/2SO
4
2-
79,8
1/2Ba
2+
63,6 1/2CO
3
2-
70
1/2Pb
2+
73 1/2C
2
O
2-
24
1/3Fe
3+
68 1/4Fe(CN)
4-
110,5
Translated by: Nurul. K.,S.Pd
Conductometry Titration
Titration of determination of end point. It is
changed in conductance of the solution as
replacing species is added.
For Example : In titration of HCl by NaOH
addition of the latter decreases
the hydrogen ion concentration
by the formation of water

[ H
+
+ Cl
-
] + [Na
+
+ OH
-
] H
2
O + [ Na
+
+ Cl
-
]
Translated by: Nurul. K.,S.Pd
The titration Curve of HCl by
NaOH




cond

End point

(ml)NaOH
Translated by: Nurul. K.,S.Pd
Relative contributions of each ion to
conductance during titration


H
+



OH-

Na+


Cl-
End point (ml)NaOH
Translated by: Nurul. K.,S.Pd