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(students perceptions)

Amjad Naqvi
Irshad Toori

Institute of management sciences

Piracy Definition
• The act of making illegal copies
of video tapes, computer
programs, books, etc, in order
to sell them.
Literature review
• Moral rights are rights of creators of
copyrighted works generally recognized in
Civil Law Jurisdiction and first time
recognized in France and Germany, before
they were included in the Berne Convention
in 1928. Some of moral rights are copy rights,
patents, trademarks, utility models,
geographical indication, etc.

(Peter E. Berlowe, Laura J.Berlow, and Peter A. Koziol.)

Literature review
• Intellectual Property is an intangible
property, which against other forms of
property, can not be defined or identified.

• Copy rights, Patents, Trademarks and Trade

secrets are the examples of intangible
(Lawrence R. Hefter and Robert D. Litowitz )
Literature review
• The higher price earning ratio gives rise to
the demand of pirated products which give
rise to a black market opportunity and raises
expected profit for smugglers and
distributors of pirated products.

(Economics Bulletin)
Literature review
• The global software piracy study conducted
annually by a trade group showed worldwide
rate of 36% and a loss of $29 billion to the
software industry in 2004.
• And economic factor is not the only factor
which determine high piracy rate as piracy is
also prevalent in more developed world too.

(Chris Oakes, International Herald Tribune

Business, July 8 2004.)
Literature review
• Pakistan has become one of the world’s leading
producers and exporters of pirated products.
• Eight known facilities in Pakistan produced 180
million discs in 2003, nearly all illegal, and exported
to round about 46 countries.
• Books piracy also remains a serious problem in
• And the piracy of international and regional (Indian)
sound recordings continues to be 100% and overall
piracy rate is 90%.
IIPA GSP Petition on Pakistan June 13, 2001 Page 6
Yes No No reply

Do you have any idea about 77% 16% 7%


Any difference in pirated 75% 17% 8%

products & original products
Piracy is a business and 58.9% 21% 20%
provides employment
is there any penalty 66.6% 22.2% 11.1%
regarding piracy in
Do you think there should be 55.7% 33.3% 11.1%
punishment on piracy in
What determines your purchase
of new book or software
• 11% decide only on the basis of price.
• 19% on the basis of quality.
• 11% on availability
• 58.9% take decision keeping price, quality
and availability of books and soft wares.
Do you prefer copied software
over original software.
• 63% preferred use of pirated products
(books and software).
• 11% of them were of the view that when
both original products (books and
software) and pirated products (books
and software) can serve the same
• Only 22% preferred using original
products (books and software).
Are you satisfied with pirated
• 72% of the total respondents were not
satisfied from pirated (books and software)
but they do buy it because it’s easy to
• Only 19% were satisfied from the use of
pirated books and CDs.
• 10% didn’t reply.
Pirated products should be
banned or not.
• 58% of the respondents wanted pirated
products (books and software) to be
allowed by the government.
• 14% wanted pirated books and CDs to be
• 16% wanted products (books and
software) to be banned with the condition
that prices of original products (books and
software) should be lowered.
Do you have installed
licensed copy of Microsoft®
windows on your PC.

• 50% were having pirated Microsoft

Windows installed on their PC while.
• 20% were using genuine Microsoft
Windows and the remaining.
• 30% refrained to answer.
Factors which are causing
• It’s a business and is making huge
(19.44% )
• Original products (books and
software) not available in market.
• Prices are very high that’s why
people are compelled to purchase
pirated products (books and
software). (20%)
Factors which are causing
• Government taxes levied on
import of original software and
books increases the prices,
compelling consumer to purchase
pirated products (books and
software). (14%)
• No idea about this issue. (14%)
Piracy affects creativity of both
readers and writers.
1. 48% regarded piracy as a threat to
creativity of both readers and writers.
2. 19% thought that it has nothing to do
with creativity of anybody.
3. 11% did not answered.
4. 11% were of the opinion that piracy is
deeply discouraging the writers.
Attitude of General public
towards piracy
• 8% replied that we should stop purchasing
pirated books.
• 11% were in favor of awareness program
to be launched among the masses.
• 39% thought that government should
implement its laws to stop piracy.
• 6% were of the opinion that both
implementation of law as well as
awareness program should be conducted

• students and faculty members are not

satisfied with using pirated products
(books and software).
• But still they prefer pirated products
(books and software) because of the high
prices of original products (books and
• Majority people think that piracy is
cheating and stealing and consider it
immoral but it should not be banned.
• Banning will monopolize the market and
poor people will be deprived to use them.
• The low prices of pirated products compel
the end users to purchase them.
• Most of people think that by lowering the
prices of original products (books and
• lowering import taxes, can solve the
problem up to some extent.
• Government should ban the pirated
products and encourage industry to
produce original licensed products on
lower prices. Meanwhile universities,
colleges and schools should carry out
conferences and seminars to bring
awareness among the readers.
Bombardment session
Thanks for your patience