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Poor oral health can negatively effect:
A persons ability to eat Diet Speech Hydration Weight Appearance Behavior Social interactions Quality of life

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Small, soft-bristled toothbrushes Chlorhexidine oral rinse, or normal saline when chlorhexidine not available Include the use of water during oral care Should not use lemon or glycerine swabs

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Care professionals should perform oral care on patients:
Every 4 hours or at least after meals Every 2 hours in the ICU Every 2 hours for intubated patients and patients with a tracheostomy Provide moisture to the mouth orally for patients on oxygen or with dry mucous membranes Dentures should be soaked for 10 minutes every day

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Warning signs
Bad breath or taste that won¶t go away Red, tender, bleeding or swollen gums Painful chewing Loose or sensitive teeth Gums that have pulled away from your teeth Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite Any change in the fit of partial dentures

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Risk Factors
Smoking Diabetes Poor oral hygiene Stress Heredity Crooked teeth Underlying immuno-deficiencies Taking medications that cause dry mouth Female hormonal changes

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Complications
Tooth loss Coronary artery disease Stroke Low birth weight babies Poorly controlled diabetes Respiratory problems Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP)

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Treatment and prevention
Brush and floss every day Eat a healthy diet See a dentist at least once a year, or more frequently if you have any of the warning signs or risk factors

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Need help?
The Health Resources and Services Administration supports a network of "safety net" clinics for people who qualify for reduced-cost care, and many have a dental clinic (toll free: 1-888-275-4772). Many dental schools have a clinic staffed by the professors and students, where care is provided based on your ability to pay. Your state dental organization may be able to refer you to dentists in your area who provide care at a reduced rate.

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Good oral care allows a person to:
Stay pain free Eat and talk comfortably Feel happy with their appearance Maintain social interaction Stay as healthy as possible Maintain self-esteem and health care habits and standards they have had throughout their life

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Plaque can cause aspiration pneumonia
Inflammation of the lung and bronchi caused by inhaling or choking on vomit

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Much of a patients care is medical care and nursing care, sometimes the oral health needs are overlooked An oral health assessment should be done at admission with the full assessment and periodically throughout the patients stay

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What are at least 3 things poor oral health can effect?
A persons ability to eat Diet Speech Hydration Weight Appearance Behavior Social interactions Quality of life

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What are some warning signs of periodontal disease?
Bad breath or taste that won¶t go away Red, tender, bleeding or swollen gums Painful chewing Loose or sensitive teeth Gums that have pulled away from your teeth Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite Any change in the fit of partial dentures

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What are can be 3 complications of periodontal disease?
Tooth loss Coronary artery disease Stroke Low birth weight babies Poorly controlled diabetes Respiratory problems Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP)