COMPOSING ABSTRACTS

:
INFORMATION AND LANGUAGE
CONVENTION
BY:
Rishan Azhari, S.Pd, M.Pd

Banjarbaru, the 21st of November 2005
Why abstract is important?
• Tool other scientists in
related studies use
• Summary of conducted study
• Logic language exercise
combining conciseness and
comprehensiveness
Composing an Abstract
Abstract
research nonresearch Thesis and dissertation
Guide to Abstract Editing
• Containing its component (BOMRC)
• Containing appropriate words
• Employing correct tense and sentence
construction
• Using Passive Voice
Verb Tense
Element Tense
Background Present
Objective Past
Method Past
Result Past
Conclusion Present
PRESENT PAST
Is
Am
Are
Was
Was
Were
Will
Can
Shall
May
Would
Could
Shoul
Might
Has / Has to
Have / Have to
Had / Had to
Had / Had to
Do
Does
Did
Did
Verb 1, e.g:
Conduct
Study
Take
Verb 2, e.g:
Conducted
Studied
Took

Passive Voice


S + Be + Verb 3
Examples:

Active:
The researcher conducted
S V2
the study in 2005.
O
Passive:
The study was conducted
S Be V3
in 2005.

There .... a growing body of evidence that
abnormalities of the cell membrane,
particularly depletion of n-3 essential fatty
acids, .... found in patients suffering from
schizophrenia.

The research .... a prospective design, over
a period from 2 months to 8 years. The
symptoms of child conduct disorder and
hyperactivity .... rated by maternal report at
age 5 and 8 year.


There is a growing body of evidence that
abnormalities of the cell membrane,
particularly depletion of n-3 essential fatty
acids, are found in patients suffering from
schizophrenia.

The research was a prospective design,
over a period from 2 months to 8 years.
The symptoms of child conduct disorder
and hyperactivity were rated by maternal
report at age 5 and 8 year.


The purpose of the research was to
identifying the causes of the avian influenza
in the area.

It is also has evidence that dinosaurs have
ever lived in the earth.

The farmer who work this land specialize in
wheat.

The three oldest dinosaur skeletons are on
display at the Dinosaur Monument.


The purpose of the research was to identify
the causes of the avian influenza in the
area.

It is also evidence that dinosaurs have ever
lived in the earth.

The farmers who work this land specialize
in wheat.

The three oldest dinosaur skeletons are
displayed at the Dinosaur Monument.