You are on page 1of 13

We will be touching on


 The Lord of dance, Siva
 Key ideas of art
 Symbolism of the Hindu Tradition
 Siva is also known as Nataraja, Lord of Dancers,
or King of Actors.

 The cosmos is HIS theatre and He himself is the
actor and audience.

 There were many dance performed by Siva. The
three well-known dances He had performed are
the evening dance in the Himalayas, Tandava
and Nadanta dance of Nataraja.
 Siva performed that night with the five
other gods, Sarasvati, Indra, Brahma,
Lakshmi and Vishnu.
 Sarasvati – Vina
Indra – Flute
Brahma – Time-marking cymbals
Lakshmi – Song
Vishnu – Drum

 While the other beings of the three world
watch His dance and the divine choir.
 It is performed in the burning grounds
and cemeteries.
 Siva are usually in His ten-armed form,
dancing wildly with Devi and the imps.

 The dance of destruction.
 The dance in the centre of Universe.

 The dance is first releaved to gods and
rishis after the submission of the latter in
the forest of Targam.
 Dance of Nature

 Creation and Destruction.
 Every movements produced by Siva was

 Like every other dancer in the world, Siva
seeked for freedom and happiness in His
own dance.
 The creation of the wonderful dance.

 The destruction of hearts. Hearts of His
lovers, laid waste and desolate.
 The tasks of Siva are numerous, therefore He
cannot be symbolized in one form.
 For this reason, the images of Siva vary
significantly in their symbolism.
 Ganga : Ganga signifies that Siva destroys sin,
removes ignorance, and bestows knowledge,
purity and peace on devotees.
 Three eyes : Siva is depicted as having three
eyes, the sun as His right, the moon as His left
and fire as the third eye. His right and left
eyes indicate His activity in the physical world
and the third eye symbolizes spiritual
knowledge and power.
 Kundalas : It means two earrings. The left is of the type
used by women and the one in His right ear is the type
use of men. These kundalas symbolize the principle of
 Snake around neck : Snakes symbolize the yogic power
of Siva. The yogic power can dissolves and recreates
the universe.
 A snake : The snake curled three times around the neck
of Siva and is looking towards His right side. The three
coils symbolize the past, present and future – time in
cycles. The right side of the body symbolizes the
human activities based upon knowledge, reason and
 Trident : The three-pronged trident shown adjacent to
Siva symbolizes His three fundamental powers of will,
action and knowledge. The trident also symbolizes
Siva’s power to destroy evil and ignorance.
 Damaru : A small drum with two sides
separated from each other by a thin neck-like
structure symbolizes the two utterly dissimilar
states of existence, unmanifest and manifest.
When a damaru is vibrated, it produces
dissimilar sounds which are fused together by
resonance to create one sound. The sound
thus produced symbolizes Nada, the cosmic
sound of AUM, which can be heard during
deep meditation.
 Tiger skin : A tiger skin symbolizes potential
energy to project the universe in endless