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Documentary Film

Studio “Lyceum”
Film Makers:
Students of 11”a” form
Teachers: Negoduiko T.N.
Kazinkina O.P.
The First Automobile Inventors
They Taught the World to Fly
Telephone and Telephone System
Cinematography and TV

Computers: History and Development
Project is made by Vnukov I, Toshcheva A.,
Redchits A., Dallakyan L., Simbirtseva E.,
Roshchak I.
Many authorities consider Karl
Benz and Gottlieb Daimler as
the most important pioneer
contributors to the automobile.
Daimler, Gottlieb (Wilhelm)
born March 17, 1834, Schorndorf,
Wurttemberg [Germany]
died March 6, 1900, Cannstatt,
near Stuttgart.

German mechanical
engineer who was a
major figure in the early
history of the automotive
Daimler studied engineering at the Stuttgart
polytechnic institute and then worked in
various German engineering firms, gaining
experience with engines.
In 1882 Daimler and his coworker
Wilhelm Maybach started their own
engine-building shop. They patented one
of the first successful high-speed internal-
combustion engines (1885) and
developed a carburetor that made
possible the use of gasoline as fuel.

The first Daimler’s car

In 1890 Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft
was founded at Cannstatt, and in 1899 the
firm built the first Mercedes car.
Benz, Karl (Friedrich)
born Nov. 25, 1844, Karlsruhe,
died April 4, 1929, Ladenburg,
near Mannheim, Ger.

German mechanical engineer who
designed and in 1885 built the
first practical automobile to be
powered by an internal-combustion
engine (двигатель внутреннего
Benz Patent Motor Wagen 1886
Benz & Co. was founded in Mannheim in
1883 to build stationary internal-
combustion engines. The company
completed its first four-wheeled
automobile in 1893.
In 1926 the Benz
company merged with
Gesellschaft to form
Daimler-Benz, maker of
• Henry Ford was a man who
transformed the world. The
car he built changed the lives
of people everywhere. In
1896, Ford succeeded in
building an automobile
powered by a gasoline
engine. In 1903, Henry Ford
established the Ford Motor
Company and introduced the
Model T Ford.

• Henry Ford was able to lower
the price of the Model T from
$850 to $360 by introducing
mass production assembly
line techniques.
Model T automobile was built by the
Ford Motor Company from 1908
until 1927. More than 15 million
Model Ts were built in Detroit and
Highland Park. The Model T, known
popularly as the “Tin Lizzie” has
become an American folkloric
symbol, realizing Ford’s goal to
“democratize the automobile”.

Henry Ford built
several racing cars
and set several
speed records.
Like them or hate them, cars
have given people great
freedom of travel.
Modern cars

1986 VW Golf Mk.2 1993 Ford Escort Wagon

1994 Oldsmobile Eighty-Eight Royale ZJ Jeep Grand Cherokee
The project is
made by:
Kolesnikova A.
Shchetinina A.
Gushchina E.
Zakharavo A.
Gracheva O.
Shushakova J.
Earth is the cradle
of humanity but
one cannot live in
the cradle forever.

Konstantin Tsiolkovsky
Orville Wright Wilbur Wright
American brothers, and inventors, and aviation
pioneers who achieved the first powered, sustained,
and controlled airplane flight (1903) and built and
flew the first fully practical airplane (1905).
Orville Wright beginning the first successful
controlled flight in history, at Kill Devil Hills,
North Carolina, December 17, 1903.
The Wright brothers’ first practical flying
machine, with Orville Wright at the controls,
passes over Huffman Prairie, near Dayton, Ohio,
October 4, 1905.
On May 14,1908 Wilbur carried aloft the
first airplane passenger-mechanic
Charles Furnas.
Wright Brothers National memorial in
Devil Hills, North Carolina, where they
achieved the first successful airplane
Wright Brothers National
Memorial on Kill Devil Hill
First Flight Centennial Pavilion

Replica of Wright
Brothers’ Wind

Wright Brothers’
flying machine
Project is made by: Bryokhov H. Bulanov A.
Vasuta R. Savenko A. Tarakanov S.
In the 1870s two American
inventors, Elisha Gray and
Alexander Graham Bell,
both independently
designed devices that could
transmit speech electrically.
“Mr. Watson, come here. I
want you.”
With these words, spoken by
Alexander Bell into his
experimental telephone on
March 10,1876 to his assistant
Thomas Watson an industry
was born.
Bell announced his
discovery at the
Centennial Exposition

On Oct. 9, 1876, Bell conducted a two way
test of his telephone over a five-
kilometre (two-mile) distance between Boston
and Cambridgeport, Mass.
In May 1877 the first commercial
application of the telephone took place
with the installation of telephones in
offices of customers of the E.T. Holmes
burglar alarm company.
The earliest telephone
instrument to see common
use was introduced by Charles
Williams, Jr., in 1882.
Designed for
wall mounting,
this instrument
consisted of a ringer,
a hand-cranked magneto, a hand receiver, a
switch hook, and a transmitter.
Among inventors was Thomas
Alva Edison, whose 1886
design for a voice transmitter
consisted of a cavity filled with
granules of carbonized anthracite
coal (гранулами коксующегося
угля). Edison’s carbon transmitter
was sufficiently simple, effective,
cheap. It became the basis for
standard telephone transmitter
design through the 1970s.
The first telephone to
incorporate all the
components of the station
apparatus into one
instrument was the so-called
combined set of 1937. Some
25 million of these
instruments were produced
until they were superseded
by a new design in 1949.
In 1949 telephone was totally new,
incorporating significant
improvements in audio quality,
mechanical design, and physical
construction. Push-button versions
of this set became available in
I wonder what the world would be
like today if the telephone hadn’t
been invented.
 The presentation is made by pupils of 11 “A”
Vasilyev R., Kosyanchuk K.,
Kyznetsova N., Сhelobanova N.
The art and technology of motion-
picture photography.
Lumière, Auguste and

The word “lumiere”
means “light”
in French

born Oct. 19, 1862, Besançon, Fr. /Oct. 5, 1864, Besançon
died April 10, 1954, Lyon /June 6, 1948, Bandol


French inventors and pioneer manufacturers of
photographic equipment who devised an early
motion-picture camera and projector called the
Cinematographe («cinema»).
 The Lumiere apparatus consisted of a single
camera used for both photographing and
projecting at 16 frames per second.

Lumière films
Workers Leaving
Their film Lumière Factory
«Workers Leaving
the Lumière
Factory» 1895
shown in Paris, is
considered the
first motion picture
and the beginning
of cinema history.
Their fist films
everyday French
life-the arrival of
a train, a game of
cards, the feeding
of a baby,
marching, the
activity of a city
The feeding
street. Others
of a baby were early
comedy shorts.
of the wall

The first
r a i n
o f at
iv a l
a r r

The first movies to a paying
public at the Grand Cafe,
Boulevard des Capucines,
Тhe electronic delivery of moving images
and sound from a source to a receiver.

The word television itself had been coined
by a Frenchman, Constantin Perskyi,
at the 1900 Paris Exhibition.
Television has a considerable
influence on society by bringing
news and entertainment to people
all over the world.
The technical standards for modern
television, both black-and-white and
colour, were established in the
middle of the 20th century.
a n d
u b e
a t 2 9 .
e r 1 9
c a m r ,
n i v e
i s i o e c e
l e v n r
T e i s i o
l e v
t e
Production line
for the CT-100,
the Radio
Corporation of
America's first
commercial colour
television, in Bloomington,
Indiana, 1954.
French engineer, Maurice LeBlanc,
formed the basis of television.
LeBlanc proposed a scanning
mechanism which established the
possibility of using only a single
wire or channel for transmission of
an entire image, became and
remains to this day the basis of all
television. LeBlanc, however, was
never able to construct a working
John Logie

The first true
television success,
the transmission of
a live human face,
was achieved
by Baird in 1925. born Aug. 13, 1888,
Helensburgh, Dunbarton,
died June 14, 1946,
Bexhill-on-Sea, Sussex, Eng.
Baird demonstrated
first color television
in 1928.

And by
the General
had begun
The following years saw
the first “television boom,”
with thousands of viewers
in different countries.
Television is now delivered in a
variety of ways: “over the air”
aditional broadcast TV, cable TV
direct broadcast satellite, or DBS
TV; recorded on magnetic tape
and played in videocassette
recorders (VCRs); and recorded
optically on digital video
discs (DVDs).
The project is made by
Tikhonova K.
Khovanova O.
Grishaeva A.
Khusnutdinov R.
Vasilyev V.
Bolshakova A.
Computer - device for
processing, storing, and
displaying information.
50 years ago people didn’t
even heard of computers,
and today we cannot imagine
life without them.

The first computer
was the size of
a minibus and
weighed a ton.
Today, computer job
can be done by a chip
the size of a pin head.
computer is
a shop,
a library and
a mail.
It is used in
medicine and
education, at
homes and
The first computer
By the second decade of the
19th century, a number of
ideas necessary for the
invention of the computer
were in the air. It was a
mathematical genius in
England Charles Babbage,
who began to put all
these pieces
The first computer called
Engine” was built
by Charles Babbage,
It computed and
printed logarithm tables.

Charles Babbage

In 1834 Babbage designed a more complex “analytical
Machine” – the world's first digital computer with a
memory and programming but couldn’t get the finance to
build it. Babbage's machine was forgotten till 1937 when
his papers were rediscovered.
Invention of the modern

In 1930 an engineer named
Vannevar Bush at the
Massachusetts Institute of
Technology (MIT) developed
the first modern analog
The Harvard Mark I, 1943

Designed by Howard Aiken, this electromechanical
computer, more than 50 feet (15 metres) long and
containing some 750,000 components, was used
to make ballistics calculations during World War II.
The Atanasoff-Berry computer

Clifford Berry and the Atanasoff-Berry Computer
The ABC, c. 1942, was possibly the first electronic
digital computer.
The first stored-program
 Frederic C. Williams and Tom Kilburn built a simple
stored-program computer, known as the Baby, in 1948.

The Manchester Mark I, the first stored- Tom Kilburn standing beside the
program digital computer, c. 1949. console of the Ferranti Mark I
computer, c. 1950.

 Part of the Whirlwind computer, installed at the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, with one of
Whirlwind's designers, Jay Forrester (far left, facing the
camera). It was employed in setting up aircraft
simulations and air traffic control.
The UNIVAC I, c. 1951.

An IBM 650 computer system,
c. 1954 the most widely used
computer for business
Silicon Valley
Industrial region around
the southern shores of
San Francisco Bay,
California, U.S., with
its intellectual centre at
Plato Alto, home of
Stanford University,
concentration of
electronics and
companies that
have sprung up
there since the
mid-20th century.
The personal computer
In 1981, IBM introduced its personal computer
for use in the home,
office and schools.
The number of personal
computers in use more
than doubled from 2 million
in 1981 to 5.5 million
in 1982. Then years later,
2 milliard PCs were
being used.
The first
graphical user

The Xerox Alto was the first computer to use
graphical icons and a mouse to control the system.
The first

Douglas Engelbart invented the computer
mouse in 1963–64 as part of an experiment to
find a better way to point and click on a display
The origins of
computers go back
to the 1960s

The Osborne 1
portable computer
The Palm Pilot personal digital
assistant (PDA)
The end