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Transforming California

Landforms of the
San Andreas Fault

Images & text by Thomas McGuire,
Cave Creek Digital, Cave Creek, AZ
cavecreekdigital@msn.com

If we intend to live on this planet
we truly need to understand how it works.
Exploring ways to find fault
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The author at Parkfield CA, site of USGS seismic experiment. Be here when it happens!
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Fault Issues
1. Fault Scarps & Alignments
2. Sag Ponds
3. Offset Drainages
4. Distortion of Human-Made Structures
5. Infrastructure Vulnerability
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Basic
California
Geography
Imperial
Valley
Los Angeles
Mojave Desert
San
Joaquin
Valley
San Francisco
San
Andreas
Fault
Death Valley
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San Andreas Lakes viewed from the south near San Jose
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The San Andreas fault
is part of the boundary
between the North
American and Pacific
tectonic plates. It is
classified as a right
lateral transform fault.

(To a person facing the fault,
the far side shifts to the right.)
Our Dynamic Earth, Robert Tilling, USGS, 1996
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The Sea of Cortez.. (Known to Gringos as The Gulf of California.)
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The US-Mexican Border (fence line) is as impervious to plate processes as it is to immigration.
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The All-American Canal brings Colorado River water to the Imperial Valley of California.
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Wind Farm north of Palm Springs near San Gorgonio Pass.
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The main trace of the fault runs NE of Los Angeles, but numerous splay faults affect the LA Basin.. (So does smog.)
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California Aqueduct at Palmdale, north of Los Angeles.
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Gates along the California Aqueduct at Palmdale
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San Andreas Fault road cut, CA 14 at Palmdale,
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Detail of CA 14 road cut at Palmdale
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Intersection of the San Andreas & Garlock Faults east of Tejon Pass.
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John Marquis, USC
The
San
Andreas
and
Garlock
Faults
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Remains of Manzanar Japanese American internment Camp (WWII) and the steep eastern front of the Sierra Nevada Mountains
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Columnar jointing in basalt
at Devils Postpile near
Mammoth Lakes, CA
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Top of jointed
basalt columns,
Devils Postpile,
CA
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Dantes View, Death Valley, CA. Badwater, at -282 Ft, the lowest place in the Western Hemisphere, is at the bottom right.
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San Andreas Fault, Carrizo Plain just north of CA 166.
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Fence (see last slide)
crosses San Andreas
Fault near CA 166.
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San Andreas Fault ridge, Elkhorn Scarp along the base of the Tremblor Range, Carrizo Plain, CA
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Fault trace, Carrizo Plain, CA
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San Andreas Fault, Carrizo Plain, CA
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Stream offset along the San Andreas Fault, Carrizo Plain, CA
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Soda Lake, Carrizo Plain,. A closed drainage (sag pond) feature.
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Wallace Creek, USGS aerial view, about 1990
USGS Photo
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Wallace Creek fault investigation area on the Carrizo Plain. Numbers show signed posted nature trail features. Next image at #1..
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Tom at Wallace Creek fault offset .
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Stream offset along the San Andreas Fault near Wallace Creek, CA
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Stream offset north of the Carrizo Plain, on Bitterwater Road.
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Sag pond, San Andreas Fault along CA 25.
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San Andreas cable crossing & sag pond, CA Route 25.
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Sheared
tree limbs
along CA,
Route 25
; )
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San Andreas Fault trace, CA Route 25.
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California Route 25 along the San Andreas Fault.
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Pressure Ridge, California Route 25.
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San Andreas fault scarp & sag pond just east of California Route 25.
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Slump structure near the San Andreas Fault, California Route 25.
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Parkfield, CA. USGS seismic experiment center.
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Laser triangulation and GPS site, Parkfield, CA
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Bridge across San Andreas Fault at Parkfield
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San Andreas Fault
right lateral offset
at Parkfield Bridge
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San Andreas Fault Movement, DeRose Winery, Hollister, CA Note the new building at the top left.
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28 years of offset at the Cienga Winery,
USGS Photo
TMcG
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New construction & fault trace, June 2003, DeRose Cienga Winery. The offset ditch runs barely out of sight on the right.
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San Andreas
fault creep
damage
De Rose Cienga
Winery, south of
Hollister CA
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Town of Hollister, California viewed from the Calaveras fault scarp. The San Andreas fault runs sub-parallel l,.5 miles west.
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Wall on 6th Street distorted by Calaveras Fault creep (June 2003)
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Rotational
Translation
on 6th Street
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Offset curb,
6th Street
Hollister
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Offset curb
on,7th Street
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Roof damage, Hollister High School
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Discrepant
Event,
Hollister
; )
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5th Street, Hollister.
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5th Street
Detail #1
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5th Street
Detail #2
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5th Street Detail #3
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4th Street front steps..
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Displaced sidewalk, 359 Locust Avenue, Hollister
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Retaining wall, 359 Locust Avenue, Hollister.
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Locust
Avenue
Garage
& power
pole.
Garage
built in
1929
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Locust
Avenue
Curb &
utilities
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USGS, Menlo Park (Bay Area) Research Center
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The San
Andreas Fault
passes a few
kilometers west
(left) of the
Golden Gate
Bridge.
San Francisco Tourism Photo
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Bye bye to the fault! (Point Reyes)
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Seismology & economics converge
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Th
e
En
d.
USGS map
California
Transformed