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THE ROLE OF (WOMEN AS) SOCIAL

WORKERS IN CARRYING OUT THE


GUIDANCE/TREATMENT TO THE
CORRECTIONAL CLIENTS
BY: DINA JULIANI

Ministry of Law and Human Rights Republic of Indonesia


Directorate General of Correction

Conference on the Rehabilitation of Youth Offenders,


Singapore
20-21 November 2007
Scope of Presentation

1. Current Issues
2. The role of Social Guides
3. Women bring the strengths to
the role
4. Recommendation
I. CURRENT ISSUES:

a. TERRITORIES OF WORK ARE TOO WIDE


 Indonesia Regulation about Parole and Probation
Service says: each Regency or Cities in each
Provinces must have (at least) 1 Parole and
Probation Institution.
 The fact: only Province DKI Jakarta have 4 Parole
and Probation Institutions. Other provinces,
only has 1or 2 Parole and Probation Institutions.
Conclusion: the regulation cannot be implemented
because of only few parole and probation
institutions with scope of territories are too wide.
b. FACILITIES AND INFRASTRUCTURES
ARE NOT CAPABLE
 In big cities, there are no serious problems in facilities and
infrastructures of parole and probation institutions;
 But in small district/regency that far away from the cities, we will
found the serious problems in the facilities and infrastructure of
parole and probation institutions. Such as:
a. there are not enough cycles can be used by social guides to
visit the clients; example in Pontianak Parole and Probation
Institution, only has 1 motor cycle can be used by the officers to
do their job. They must make schedule to use the motorcycle.
b. the office are in poor situations - no water, no telephone and fax
machine – example in Parole and Probation Institution in
Sumbawa Besar and Kalimantan.

Suggestion: the facilities and infrastructures of parole and


probation institutions must be fulfill , so the officer of parole and
probation institutions can do the work better.
c. LIMITATION OF HUMAN
RESOURCES, IN QUANTITY

YEAR NUMBERS OF SOCIAL NUMBERS OF


WORKERS IN CORRECTIONAL
INDONESIA CLIENTS OVER IN
INDONESIA

UP TO 1055 officers 130.832 persons


JULI 2007 (30% are Women)
LIMITATION OF HUMAN
RESOURCES, IN QUALITY
 Refers to the education background of social guide officers, most
of them only graduate from senior high school and Diploma
Program. As social guides officers, need special skills to
handling the clients (especially psychologist and management
skills), since in the police phase-prosecutors-court-get their
punishment-until released from their sentences.
 These situation is made because of the willingness of the
community become a social guide officers are still low.
 The government doesn’t give serious attention to social guide
officers and the institution. The recruitment process of social
guide officers just to fulfill the quota of social guide officers in
directorate general of corrections. Result of the recruitment
process are : new employees haven’t enough knowledge about
the role of social guides and they have no willingness become a
social guides officers, their aim to work are to get money.
d. LIMITATION OF BUDGET
 The common problems we can find as social
guide officers. Especially social workers who
work in difficult area because of the distance
and facilities are not satisfied or in conflict
area. Such as Social Worker in Balikpapan,
they have to use bus and speedboat to reach
their clients. Sometimes they must to spend
more their money to hire the transport
facilities to get the social report of their
clients.
e. LACK OF CO-OPERATIONS BETWEEN
JUDGES AND PROSECUTERS

 Because of the background education of the


social worker and also there is not enough
training to the social workers, sometimes they
make the social reports out of the standard.
 This situation make the reports won’t be
overlook by the judges and prosecutors.
Recommendation: more training for the social
workers to make the social reports, so the
rights of correctional clients can be fulfill.
The role of Social Officers (PK) in Indonesia,
related with rehabilitation and reintegration for the
prisoners, are:
 Reinforced the motivation : we have made creation of contact's
relations that was influenced by congenial attitude, empathy,
and understanding as well as acceptance, could become a
motivation factors for the offenders and prisoners to study their
own attitude and behaviors until now;
 Gave the opportunity for the channeling of the feeling: the
offenders and prisoners needed an emotional climate that was
see in sending their feelings, fears, frustration, hopes and
aspirations;
 PK gives information that can help the offenders and prisoners
in developing the understanding and their social role power in
the community;
 PK have given help of decision making in order to considerate
rationally their problems as well as various available
alternatives;
 PK have given help for the offenders and prisoners to
understanding the situation, led the clients to improve their selves
with available facts so the pattern of his life changes;
 PK helped the family and the community of the social environment
in order to carry out efforts or hold certain changes that could help
the client in the process of adaptation after their release;
 PK have given help for reorganization of patterns of the behaviors,
for the client who has experienced problems of the quite difficult
identity, for example narcotic sufferer;
 PK have given help in the transfer of authority (referral): the
comprehensive understanding concerning source systems in the
community enable PK to hold the transfer of the authority of help
(referral) in accordance with the requirement for certain aspects
from the problem of the clients.
 The compilation was produced by the problem
expression known with the Laporan Penelitian
Kemasyarakatan (LITMAS) or (in English:
Report of Social Study Research).
 Litmas was the first time made in the practice of
the field of giving of help to the child's family
that experienced the Juvenile Delinquency
problem.
 LITMAS was utilized as the judge's point to be
considered in the session of the case of the
child in the Court, in part as the Material of the
Case of the Child in the Court (Pre Sentence
Investigation Report) and the Material for the
Treatment (Post Sentence Investigation
Reports), such as give Assimilation, Probation,
Parole, etc.
Women bring the
strengths to the role
 Actually there are no differences of works between
male and female social guides officers.
 But for the female social guider, the jobs become
harder in a special occasion. Because of Indonesia
area is so wide, and also the there's still conflict
area in Indonesia;
 to reach correctional clients in the difficult area
because of the distance and unsatisfied transport
facilities, women PK has prepared their selves in
many situation. They must protect their selves from
any emerged and dangerous situations, such as
war, criminal actions, ferocity of nature, etc.
 In Indonesia almost 30% of PK are women. You
can see in the statistic.
 In practice, PK worked connected with many
people, the woman could more combine
scientific knowledge and the warmth to inmates.
Women more understood the failure and the
weakness as well as hatred from inmates.
 Because of the maternal instinct, women as PK
could find the strength as well as compassion
love from prisoners. PK must be able to
combine the sincerity with pleasure, modesty
and was certain of their role brought the change
for the development of the socialization and
clients.
Recommendation
1. Empowering trainers in parole and probation institutions, so
they can be a quality social workers;
2. Attention from the government, hope the government can
recruit the competence social workers;
3. Rebuild the facilities and infrastructure in parole and probation
institutions;
4. Give attention to women as a social guide officers, especially
in conflict area or area that difficult to reach. Protect their
safety from dangerous situations;
5. Capacity building for correctional system policy makers in order
to develop and build the comprehensive treatment and
rehabilitation programs for prisoners (including women, juvenile
and youth inmates).