You are on page 1of 38

Two Ways* to

Expound a Passage

*One is usually better than the other!

*
PCJB
PP Presentation
devised and prepared
at
Gujranwala Theological Seminary
may be copied for non-commercial use only
March 2005

This Presentation…

 Is prepared for use in the classroom (using a
multimedia projector beamed onto a white wall or
screen)
 Can be easily adapted by the teacher
 Allows for class interaction with the text (using
the edit mode for class suggestions, e.g. for “best” lay
out of the Scripture text)

Method Method
A: B:
Verse by Identifying
Verse the subject of the
- as in a passage
commentary and then
opening up the passage
to reveal
the heart-beat
(core message)

EXAMPLE Expounding 1 Peter 2:1-3 .

hypocrisy. now that you have tasted that the Lord is good. . 1 Peter 2:1-3 The TEXT Therefore. and slander of every kind. envy.  The New International Version. (Grand Rapids. crave pure spiritual milk. so that by it you may grow up in your salvation. rid yourselves of all malice and all deceit. MI: Zondervan Publishing House) 1984. Like newborn babies.

EXPOSITION A. The Verse-by-Verse Method .

---------------------------------------------------------------------- EXPOSITION (Verse-by-verse)  Getting rid of evil habits  How to get rid of malice  How to get rid of deceit  How to get rid of hypocrisy  How to get rid of envy  How to get rid of slander . envy. hypocrisy. Therefore. and slander of every kind. rid yourselves of all malice and all deceit. 1 Peter 2:1-3 1.

1 Peter 2:1-3 2 Like newborn babies. crave pure spiritual milk. etc) . so that by it you may grow up in your salvation ------------------------------------------------ EXPOSITION (Verse-by-verse)  The need for spiritual nourishment  Babies’ need of milk  What is pure spiritual milk? The Word of God? Godly teaching?  Spiritual growth and salvation  Different aspects of Salvation (saved from the power of sin.

------------------------------------------------------------------ EXPOSITION (Verse-by-verse)  The goodness of God  Experiencing God intimately as Master . 1 Peter 2:1-3 3 now that you have tasted that the Lord is good.

EXPOSITION (Verse-by-Verse Method) OUTLINE  Getting rid of evil habits  How to get rid of malice  How to get rid of deceit  How to get rid of hypocrisy  How to get rid of envy  How to get rid of slander  Need for spiritual nourishment  Babies’ need of milk  What is pure spiritual milk?  Spiritual growth and salvation  Different aspects of Salvation  The goodness of God  Experiencing God .

EXPOSITION (Verse-by-Verse Method) Note:  This method is very good for personal bible study because:  It uncovers interesting information  It discovers helpful lessons .

. So what’s the problem? For a sermon:  Too many topics  No indication of how they relate to each other  Fogging the key point And remember. ..

when he taught. Jesus...  Did not aim to impart spiritual information into the minds of his hearers Rather  He aimed to make a significant change in their lives We should too! .

EXPOSITION B. The Heart-Beat approach .

Preliminary Work Re-arrange The Text .

carefully constructed (not a so that by it haphazard bundle of verses!) you may grow up We need to in your salvation. and slander of every kind. hypocrisy. The UNITS of THOUGHT Therefore. . envy. What are we looking at? Like newborn babies. The Bible is crave pure spiritual milk. rid yourselves of all malice and all deceit. consider the structure… now that you have tasted that the Lord is good.

crave pure spiritual milk. so that by it you may grow up in your salvation. Like newborn babies.The STRUCTURE Therefore. hypocrisy. . now that you have tasted that the Lord is good. and slander of every kind. rid yourselves of all malice and all deceit. envy.

Heart-Beat approach OUTLINE We ask the following basic questions: • What is Peter writing about here? • What does Peter say about this? • What is the ‘heart-beat‘ of his message on this subject? .

What is Peter writing about here? -------------------------------------------- Spiritual Growth .Heart-Beat Approach Over-All SUBJECT 1.

Heart-Beat Approach TEACHING about Over-all Subject 2.What does Peter say about Spiritual Growth? --------------------------------------------------- Are you new born? Then get rid of former evil attitudes Replace such impulses with spiritual cravings .

What else does Peter say about Spiritual Growth? --------------------------------------------------------------------------  We should be like babies:  Crave for intimacy with the Lord  Find our satisfaction in the Lord. not in indulging in bad attitudes towards others  Work hard at getting such nourishment from the Lord .Heart-Beat Approach TEACHING about Over-all Subject 2a.

Is there anything else Peter says about Spiritual Growth? ----------------------------------------------------------------------------  The ultimate goal of Spiritual Growth is entering into our full salvation .Heart-Beat Approach TEACHING about Over-all Subject 2b.

What is the Heart-Beat of Peter’s message? ----------------------------------------------------------------------------  Find your satisfaction in God and His Goodness alone .Heart-Beat Approach The HEART-BEAT 3.

Expounding 1 Peter 2:1-3 Question  Which message do you want your congregation to have after they leave you? Remember... .

From Sermon A ?  Getting rid of evil habits  How to get rid of malice  How to get rid of deceit  How to get rid of hypocrisy  How to get rid of envy  How to get rid of slander  Need for spiritual nourishment  Babies’ need of milk  What is pure spiritual milk  Spiritual growth and salvation  Different aspects of Salvation  The goodness of God  Experiencing God .

Or .

From Sermon B ?  Find your satisfaction in God and His Goodness alone! .

Method A: Expounding a Passage Verse by Verse .

The Verse by Verse method has these benefits:  It encourages the preacher to keep to the text and not forget what the passage is saying  It is easy for the preacher to offer some comment on each verse without too much study or work  It enables the congregation to follow in their Bibles (if they have one with them)  It covers the content without missing out important parts .

But it also has these disadvantages:  It can get boring. especially if there are many verses  It easily degenerates into moral lessons and pious platitudes  It fogs the core message of the passage  It doesn’t link the passage to this “heart- beat”  It leaves the congregation with a long list of ideas instead of focusing their attention on the key issue .

it is undemanding and therefore limited in its effectiveness . Expounding a Passage Verse by Verse CONCLUSION  It is an easy way to preach at short notice and better than not keeping to the text at all But…  As a way of thinking about the passage.

Method B: Expounding a Passage through its Heart- Beat .

The Heart-Beat Method offers these benefits:  It makes sure the speaker does his/her homework in preparation  It provides a clear focus for the attention of the congregation  It allows a clear mapping of the rest of the passage instead of a jumble of ideas whose connections are not indicated .

even when a long passage is being studied  Spiritually people are challenged more strongly by one over-arching idea than by a battery of ideas whose connections are not immediately obvious . Further benefits of the Heart-Beat approach  Educationally people learn more and better through a focused message.

Another benefit of the Heart-Beat approach  It avoids the temptation to look for moral lessons and pious platitudes in every line .

Expounding a Passage through its Heart-Beat CHIEF BENEFITS  It makes the whole passage come alive  It allows God to speak clearly and directly from His Word .

NOTE In either method avoid bringing in other ideas from elsewhere Use other Biblical references only to make clear or re-inforce the heart-beat of the passage .

THE END .