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Preparation of Resettlement on Flash Flood

Disaster-free Area in Wasior Using Remote


Sensing Technology
Abdul Wahid Hasyim &
Ismail Wahyu Widodo
International Conference
Planning In The Era Of Uncertainty 2013
The location
Introduction
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4 3
2
Introduction
Teluk Wondama consists of 7 districts
and 53 villages with total area of
4996 km2.
Wasior covered by dynamic land
cover. On the relatively flat slope
area, it generally has the land use as
residential and other supporting
facilities which are not too extensive.
After the incident flood disaster on
Monday, October 4th, 2010 at 08.30
WIB the residential and supporting
facilities mentioned were devastated.


Introduction
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4 3
2
The research method
The research uses 2 approaches, which are
Geospatial for determining safety zone and
Urban Design approach for resettlement
pattern guideline based on ecology, social,
and culture, and also consideration of
building form which is safe facing the
disaster based on the existing precedence.

The Process
Make GCP (Ground
Control Point) take
many sample (trainning
area) on correction image
Supervised
Classification recheck
on the field for the
classified data

Maximum Likelihood (ML) Classification approaches written as follows (Tso, B., Mather, P., 2009):

=
1
2


exp
1
2


Where,

= vector data x probability on class i


= vector data which will be classified

= covarian matrix

= transpose from vector



The Result
Landsat image
before
catastrophic
flood
Open land
classification
before
catastrophic
flood
Total Area per Class before the Flood
Before catastrophe
The Result
Changes of
Land Based
on
Occurance
Before and
After the
Flood
Classification
after the Flood
After catastrophe
Total Area of Land Change after the Flood
Based on classification using ML method on captured images
result after the flood, it was obtained that the total area of
vegetation was 135.28 km
2
Based on total area calculation, the total area of missing areas
which converted to new open spaces were 7.37 km
2
. On
settlement classification, the total area was 11.532 km
2
, which
meant that there had been occurred an increasing number of
deforestated land because of flood which damaged 2.013 km
2

settlement areas and other city facilities
The rest of the flood water and soil erosion produced sediment
silt that covered an area of 5.352 km
2
(symbolized by class
red). Damages also occured in water bodies so that they
formed a pool from the erosion of land covering an area
of 6.744 km
2
(symbolized by class blue)
Changes in land cover (symbolized by class yellow) which
occurred after the flood disaster, emerged new openings and
increased land erosion that eroded water bodies and caused
sediments in the lower reaches of the river. Total area of land
change if combined with sediments which were produced was
3.4353 km2
The Result
Using Buffering 200M Technique
After doing 200m buffering
technique, 15 m resolution
contour data is involved to
find out relatively flat area as
shown in Figure 9. So, it can
be discovered the relatively
flat areas at 5 safe areas,
which are:
Area I has total area of
9,6Km
2

Area II has total area of
4,4Km
2

Area III has total area of
2,7Km
2

Area IV has total area of
15,3Km
2

Area V has total area of
24Km
2

Overall, the safe area is 56
Km
2
. Safe area in question is
safe visually through satellite
imagery based on the
contour, and buffer against
the causes of flooding (river).

Disaster Free
Areas
Flood handling
raise the values of local
wisdom
application of public spaces
accommodate aspirations of
economic activities
Accommodate socio-cultural
activities
The Concepts
The basic design criteria which are used are:
Ecological environment criteria
The land is capable of supporting activities and
building masses
Vegetations can protect the activity on the site
Regions can be naturally protected and with special
treatment of natural disasters
Socio-Cultural & Economic Criteria
Good local cultural attachment
Good public acceptance
Minimum conflict of interest
Good accessibility
Economic development opportunities
Pragmatic Criteria
Design & build art related to safety against floods
Conservation zoning
The uniqueness of the design
Selection of structures which are allowed to be
used as the basis of landscape design in the area
of disaster

The Criterias
Referral of the use of Local Wisdom Building
for Disaster-prone Areas