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Jainism and

Today’s Society

“A Worthy Goal, or an Ideal


Simply Out of Reach?”
History of Jainism
 “Created” about the some time as Buddhism (550
B.C.E)

 Lore contends that Jainism was actually created


by 24 “tirthankaras” or “Crossing-Makers.”

 The Last of these, Mahavira, finalized Jainism as it


is today.
Doctrinal Beliefs and the
Practices Created from
 them:
The Five Great Vows (Nonviolence, Truth, Non Stealing, Celibacy, Non-
Possessiveness.)

 Karma.

 Moksha/Kaivalya and Reincarnation.

 The Soul (Jiva) and Body (Ajiva.)

Which led to the following practices:

 Salekhana (Various Spellings.)

 Asceticism (Various Levels.)

 Vegetarianism (Various Levels.)

 Chastity (Various Levels.)


What you decided
 Most interviewees were against the more
extreme doctrines and practices.

 Some practices were accepted.

 Overall, Jainism would probably not work in a


town such as Columbia.
The Questions
 Question One: “Would you be willing to give up all of your possessions and abstain
from accumulating many possessions for the sake of your religion?”

 Question Two: “Would you be willing to live an ascetic lifestyle, which may include a
beggar and [being] homeless, for the sake of religion?”

 Question Three: “Would you willing to abstain from most foods, participating in only
vegetarian ways, for the sake of your religion?”

 Question Four: “If you had the knowledge that your entry into Paradise could take more
than lifetime to achieve, would you still be faithful to your religion?”

 Question Five: “Would you be willing to commit suicide for your faith?”

 Question Six: “Would you be willing, or able, to stop lying for your faith?”

 Question Seven: “Would you be willing to be chaste for your faith?”

 Question Eight: “Would you be willing to practice non-violence to all things (including
insects, dust, etc) for the sake of your religion?”
Results for Question 1
Question 1: "Would you be willing to give up all of your possesions and
abstain from accumulating many possessions for the sake of your religion?"

16
15

14

12
Number of Responses

10

4
3

0
Yes No
Responses
Results for Question 2
Question 2: "Would you be willing to live an asectic lifestyle, which may
include becoming a beggar and homeless, for the sake of your religion?"

16
15

14

12
Number of Responses

10

4
3

0
Yes No
Responses
Results for Question 3
Question 3: "Would you be willing to abstain from most foods,
participating in only vegetarian ways, for the sake of your religion?"

12

10
10
Number of Responses

8
8

0
Yes No
Responses
Results for Question 4
Question 4: "If you had the knowledge that your entry into Paradise could
take more than one lifetime to achieve, would you still be faithfu your
religion?"

18
16
16
Number of Responses

14

12

10

2 1 1

0
Yes No Other (Maybe)
Responses
Results for Question 5
Question 5: "Would you be willing to commit suicide for your faith?"

18
16
16
Number of Responses

14

12

10

4
2
2

0
Yes No
Responses
Results for Question 6
Question 6: "Would you be willing to, or able, to stop lying for your faith?"

12

10
10
Number of Responses

8
8

0
Yes No
Responses
Results for Question 7
Question 7: "Would you willing to be chaste for your faith?"

12

10
10
Number of Responses

8
8

0
Yes No
Responses
Results for Question 8
Question 8: "Would you willing to be practice non-violence to all things
(including dusts, insects, etc.) for the sake of your religion?"

12

10
10
Number of Responses

8
8

0
Yes No
Responses
Fin
Thanks to the following for information:
 http://www.religionfacts.com/jainism/practices.htm
 http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Santhara
http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Santhara
 http://www.spiritus-temporis.com/jainism/beliefs-and-practices.html
 http://www.religionfacts.com/jainism/index.htm
http://www.religionfacts.com/jainism/index.htm
 http://www.religionfacts.com/jainism/beliefs.htm
http://www.religionfacts.com/jainism/beliefs.htm
 http://www.umich.edu/~umjains/overview.html
 http://www.religioustolerance.org/jainism.htm
http://www.religioustolerance.org/jainism.htm
 http://www.hinduwebsite.com/jainism/jainbeliefs.asp
http://www.hinduwebsite.com/jainism/jainbeliefs.asp
 http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/jainism/beliefs/threejewels.shtml
 The World Religions Textbook, “Many People, Many Faiths.”

Thanks to the following for pictures:


 http://gbgm-umc.org/missionstudies/interfaith/images/sym-jainism-210.gif
 http://religion-cults.com/Eastern/Jainism/mahavira.jpg
 http://aura1.gaia.com/photos/41/401456/large/MahaviraJain.jpg
 http://www.sacredsites.com/shop/images/asia/india/tirthankara-statues-750.jpg
 http://www.ejainism.com/images/tirthankara.gif
 http://www.csufresno.edu/physics/rhall/ns4/reincar1.jpg
 http://aharoni.files.wordpress.com/2007/06/i-no-can-has-cheezburgr-i-is-vegeturiunz.jpg
 http://gallery.photo.net/photo/1627210-lg.jpg
 http://www.religionfacts.com/jainism/images/mask-Rajasthan-cc-meanest-indian-200.jpg
 http://www.aural-innovations.com/issues/issue22/moksha01.jpg
 http://reluctant-messenger.com/images/reincarnation.jpg
 http://rdr.zazzle.com/img/imt-prd/pd-235449123217858562/tl-chaste_shirt.jpg
 http://www.goveg.com/page/FINALJorjaFoxVegAd.jpg
 http://www.pineappleyoga.com/img/eagle_med_026.jpg