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Geothermal Energy &

Geothermal Power Plants


By
Abhay Krishna
0401212373
Electrical Engg.
7
th
sem
Introduction


What does geothermal mean??

What is geothermal energy??


Usage
8,000
72,492 138,131
0
20000
40000
60000
80000
100000
120000
140000
Current
Today's Technology
Enhanced
Technology
Usage of geothermal energy in past.

Usage in present scenario.

Geothermal heat & earths surface


Other method of generation
Electricity can be
generated even if no
source of hot water
Two Wells are drilled.
Rocks between the wells are
fractured.
Cool water is pumped down
from first well.
Hot water is pumped up from
second well.

Geothermal to Electrical
Geothermal energy to electrical energy.

Types of Geo. Power plants

Dry steam type power plant

Flash power plant

Binary power plant

Dry Steam Type
Dry steam extracted from
natural reservoir
180-225 C
4-8 MPa
200+ km/hr (100+ mph)
Steam is used to drive a
turbo generator
Steam is condensed and
pumped back into the ground
Can achieve 1 kWh per 6.5
kg of steam


Flash Type
Steam with water extracted
from ground
Pressure of mixture drops at
surface and more water
flashes to steam
Steam separated from water
Steam drives a turbine
Turbine drives an electric
generator
Generate between 5 to 100
MW
Use 6 to 9 tones of steam
per hour
Binary Type
Low temps 100 C and
150 C
Use heat to vaporize
organic liquid
E.g., iso-butane, iso-pentane
Use vapour to drive turbine
Causes vapour to condense
Recycle continuously
Typically 7 to 12 % efficient
0.1 40 MW units common
Why Geothermal Power Plant??


Clean

Easy on the land.

Cost Effective
Why Geothermal Power Plant??


Reliable


Flexible
Other usage
Non electric usage of
geothermal energy

-- Geothermal heat pump
-- Direct use
Other aspects
How much electricity from geothermal energy??

Future of Geothermal Energy

Geothermal power generation growth is
continuing, but at a lower pace than in the
previous decade, while direct heat uses
show a strong increase compared to the
past.
The total world use of geothermal power is
giving a contribution both to energy saving
(around 26 million tons of oil per year) and
to CO2 emission reduction (80 million
tons/year if compared with equivalent oil-
fuelled production)
Conclusion
Cleanliness

Simple concept

Widely available

Thank You!!