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Label the following graphs

:

REVISION
flow chart line graph
diagram bar graph
pie chart
table
1
2 3
4
5
6
WARM-UP
Was the share price different or similar all the time?

100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
Share price (pence)

DESCRIBING CHANGE
UNIT 7
IMAGE, IMPACT AND
MAKING AN
IMPRESSION
LESSON AIMS
Verbs of trends and movement.
The degrees and speed of
change.
Nouns of trends and
movement.
to increase
I. VERBS OF TRENDS AND
MOVEMENT
to decrease
I. VERBS OF TRENDS AND
MOVEMENT
to stay the same
I. VERBS OF TRENDS AND
MOVEMENT
to reach a maximum
I. VERBS OF TRENDS AND
MOVEMENT
to recover
I. VERBS OF TRENDS AND
MOVEMENT
to deteriorate
I. VERBS OF TRENDS AND
MOVEMENT
to increase to decrease
to stay the
same
I. VERBS OF TRENDS AND
MOVEMENT
to recover
to reach a
maximum
to
deteriorate
I. VERBS OF TRENDS AND
MOVEMENT
reached a maximum
Practice 1: Complete the following sentences using suitable
verbs.
0
20
40
60
80
100
1st Qtr 2nd Qtr 3rd Qtr 4th Qtr
I. VERBS OF TRENDS AND
MOVEMENT
The share price..…….…..…………..in the third
quarter.

1
The value of shares…………….in the second
quarter.
decreas
ed
Practice 1: Complete the following sentences using
suitable verbs.
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
1st Qtr 2nd Qtr 3rd Qtr 4th Qtr
I. VERBS OF TRENDS AND
MOVEMENT
2
The budget….……………….in the 4
th
quarter.
stayed the same
Practice 1: Complete the following sentences using suitable
verbs.
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
1st Qtr 2nd Qtr 3rd Qtr 4th Qtr
I. VERBS OF TRENDS AND
MOVEMENT
3
Sales of product………………between 2
nd
and 3
rd

quarter.
recovered
Practice 1: Complete the following sentences using suitable
verbs.
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
1st Qtr 2nd Qtr 3rd Qtr 4th Qtr
I. VERBS OF TRENDS AND
MOVEMENT
4
The level of investment …………in the second
quarter.
increase
d
Practice 1: Complete the following sentences using
suitable verbs.
increase a
little

increase
quickly

0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
1st Qtr 2nd Qtr 3rd Qtr 4th Qtr
I. VERBS OF TRENDS AND
MOVEMENT
5
II. THE DEGREES AND SPEED OF
CHANGE
a little
gradually
considerably
slightly
a bit
slowly
steadily

substantiall
y
dramatically
rapidly
markedly
significantly
quickly
increased
rapidly
went up a
bit
climbed
slightly
increased
steadily
dropped
markedly
declined a
little
rose
dramatically
Practice 2 (Ex. 1/71): Match the following pictures with the
correct phrase:
II. THE DEGREES AND SPEED OF
CHANGE
1 2 4
6 7
3
5
Subject + Verb + Adverb
0.0
10.0
20.0
30.0
40.0
50.0
60.0
70.0
80.0
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Exports
Raw Material
Costs
Domestic Sales
1. Exports _________________ between 2004 and 2005.
2. Since 2008 they ______________.
3. The price of raw materials _________________ in 2006, but it
_________________ in 2009.
4. Domestic sales _________________ over the past four years.
5. Domestic sales _________________ in 2004.
decreased
significantly
have increased steadily.
dropped gradually rose dramatically
have grown
steadily
declined a
bit
Domestic sales declined a bit in 2004.
OR
There was a little decline in domestic sales in
2004.


III. NOUNS OF TREND AND
MOVEMENT
(a/an) adjective + Noun
II. THE DEGREES AND SPEED OF
CHANGE
Practice 3: Fill in the gaps to complete the sentences.
VERB NOUN













Practice 4 (Ex.2/71): Find other verbs of trend and movement
and write the noun form of each verb.
III. NOUNS OF TRENDS AND
MOVEMENT
to go up
to
increase
an
increase
to rise a rise
to climb
a growth to grow
to
decrease
a climb
to drop
a
decrease
to go
down
to fall
to decline
a fall
a decline
a drop
to stay the
same
to level off
to remain
steady
VERB NOUN








t
Practice 4 (Ex.2/71): Find other verbs of trend and
movement and write the noun form of each verb:
III. NOUNS OF TRENDS AND
MOVEMENT
to peak
to reach a
maximum
to improve
to recover
an improvement
a recovery
to get better
a downturn
to deteriorate
to get worse
a deterioration
III. NOUNS OF TRENDS AND
MOVEMENT
Practice 5: Choose the best answer to
complete the description.
Sales began the year at 30,000 units in
January and (1) increased slightly/a slight
increase to 32,000 units in February. There
was (2) rose sharply/ a sharp rise by 38,000 in
March. There was (3) a slight fall/fell slightly in
April when sales dropped to 36,000 units.
Sales (4) increased steadily/ a steady increase
to 2,000 units a month throughout June, July
and August. October saw (5) rose
dramatically/a dramatic rise to 45,000. But then
sales (6) fell sharply/ a sharp fall in November
and stayed the same at 39,000 in December.
increased slightly
a sharp rise
a slight fall
increased steadily
a dramatic rise
fell sharply
IV. FURTHER PRACTICE 1
Read the following description and draw the
graph.
Last year our sales figures fluctuated
considerably. Sales fell between December (6 £m)
and January (5 £m). They continued to go down in
February to 4 £m and they stayed the same from
February to May. In June they started to grow
slightly at 5 £m in June and remained steady from
June to October at 5 £m but they recovered in
November (5.5 £m) and December (6 £m) as
Christmas came.
IV. FURTHER PRACTICE 1
Read the following description and draw the
graph.

3
3.5
4
4.5
5
5.5
6
6.5
Sales (£m)
Sales of Greenland Joint Stock Company in 2013
3700
3800
3900
4000
4100
4200
4300
4400
4500
4600
4700
Sales in 2013 (m USD)
IV. FURTHER PRACTICE 2
Describe the graph below:
REVIEW

VERBS OF TREND
AND MOVEMENT
ADVERBS OF THE
DEGREE AND SPEED
OF CHANGE
NOUNS OF TREND
AND MOVEMENT
to increase slightly an increase
to decrease considerably a decrease
to stay the
same
slowly
to recover rapidly a recovery
to reach a
maximum
markedly a peak
to deteriorate dramatically a deterioration

Subject + Verb + Adverb

(a/an) adjective + Noun

REVIEW
Practice 2 – page 73