Making Effective Oral Presentations

The Right Start for Professionals…

Prepared & Presented By: S. Shinoj Kumar Department of English

Introduction

Hard work and good ideas essential to success.

Ability to express and get others to join with you is as important.

We have all been victims of speakers (e.g. teachers) who put us to sleep.

We knew the topic and the ideas but the presentation still didn't go well.

Where I went wrong?

Was it the way I delivered the speech?

Was it because the audience didn't seem interested?

Podium Panic

Traditionally known as:

Stage Fright Speech Anxiety Talking Terror Stage Fear

Coping with this fright:

Your audience understands your nervousness. They know what you are feeling and will forgive it. Similarly they will forgive honest mistakes.

Nervousness is usually invisible. Most will not notice the small changes in your voice or occasional mistakes. Most speakers who describe themselves as nervous appear confident and calm to the audience

Be yourself. Let the real you come through. Relax, practice some deep breathing techniques

Begin in your comfort zone.

You decide, you perform.

Practice with friends.

Share your fears with friends

Check out the room first. Check out the space.

The equipment.

The lights.

Concentrate on the message

Begin with a slow, well-prepared introduction.

Have a confident and clear conclusion

Most important: be prepared and practice

The Four Basic Steps

The Four Basic Steps

1. STRATEGY

Understand your purpose and role.

Tailor your message to the audience.

Be concrete, specific, practical, and relevant.

Clarify your objectives - is it to…
 motivate?  inform?  persuade?  teach?

Clarify what role you will be performing…
 coach?  advocate?  teach?

Develop a logically compelling case for your plan. Reach a common goal. Research your topic.

2. STRUCTURE

The audience needs to have these basic questions answered,

Why should I pay attention to you when I can think about more interesting things? Now that I am listening, why should I care about this issue?

I agree with the significance of the topic, but how are you justifying your ideas?

So, now that I am convinced, what do you want from me?

The following lists some points to think about when organizing your ideas,
 Provide  Provide

an outline the intended, expected

benefits
 Organize

logically

 Encourage  Maintain

audience participation.

credibility. on a "high note." visual aids effectively.

 Conclude

 Incorporate

 Prepare  Expect

for contingencies.

the unexpected.

3. STYLE

Some basic techniques to maintain attention:
 Be

enthusiastic.

 Posture.

Don't lean

 Tone.

Your audience mirror your attitude. Don't confuse enthusiasm with loudness. Discuss pros and cons.

4. QUESTIONS

USE OF QUESTIONS:
 Ask

"friendly" questions. respondents time to think.

 Give

 Don't

let respondent to take control of the presentation.

 Avoid  When

one-on-one dialogues. challenged, be candid and

firm.
 Maintain  Don't

control of the session.

let interruptions.

 Avoid

circumstances that require an apology. questions and prepare responses. "you" elements into questions. key questions prior to the presentation.

 Anticipate

 Put

 Prepare

Maintaining Audience's Interest

Provide variety. Body movement . Use humor appropriately. Proper eye contact . Use gestures naturally.

Regional Accents.

Physical Mannerisms.

Clothing and Jewelry

Voice Tone:

How you say it is as important as what you say

THANK YOU

No defeat is final until

YOU
stop trying

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