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Range Safety Working Group

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 Topics to be covered
Guiding regulations Program goals Local and Major Training Areas Deviation Process Safety Issues Future Challenges

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Range Safety Points of Contact
Mr. Dirk Kellar (dirk.kellar@eur.army.mil) JMTC Safety Director (Acting) DSN 314-475-6162 Mr. Josef Neubauer (josef.neubauer1@eur.army.mil) JMTC Safety Range Safety Engineer MTAs and LTAs DSN 314-475-7089 Mr. Harry Kordesch (harry.kordesch@eur.army.mil) JMTC Safety Range Safety Engineer LTAs DSN 314-475-7922 Ms. Barbara Lasar (barbara.lasar@eur.army.mil) HQ USAREUR System Safety Engineer DSN 314-370-7079

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Range Safety - Regulations

• AR 385-63, 19 May 2003* (Currently being updated) Prescribes Department of the Army and Marine Corps range safety policies, procedures, responsibilities, and standards for firing ammunition, guided missiles, and large rockets. • The AR Implements DA Pam 385-63, 10 April 2003, as Minimum Standards.
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Range Safety Program Goals

• Enhance safe, realistic live-fire training, to train as we fight. • Protect personnel and property while improving combat readiness training and help prevent fratricide in combat. • Protect civilian and military populations who live and work in the vicinity of live-fire training ranges.
AR 385-63
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Range Safety - OCONUS AR 385-63, 19 May 2003
• Range operations outside the United States

“Standards and procedures contained in DA Pam 385-63 apply to range operations conducted by U.S. Armed Forces training outside the United States.“ “Operations will be conducted according to U.S. regulations and/ or host nation agreements, normally whichever is stricter.”

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Local Training Areas (LTAs) LTAs OCONUS: • Training land and range availability at overseas LTAs and installations are usually more constrained than those available for CONUS-based active units. • Reserve Component (RC) centers, armories, and weekend training sites, face limited LTAs as well. • Training proceeds to the extent available resources will support including individual and limited collective weapons proficiency and small-unit maneuver training.
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Major Training Areas (MTAs) MTAs • Units training at MTAs concentrate on large unit collective live-fire training (platoon through battalion) and maneuver training (battalion or brigade) according to doctrine and standards. • This builds on the training proficiency achieved at LTAs. • An MTA provides training to sustain lessons learned from CTC experiences that LTAs could not tactically or doctrinally accommodate.

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USAREUR Training Areas • Greater reliance must be placed on the use of LTAs for individual training and the initial stages of crew training. • Local training areas include cantonment areas at installations, and armories. • Tactical engagements can be simulated using appropriate TADSS to overcome the space limitations required for livefire exercises. • Training at LTAs achieves and sustains soldier and crew proficiency and prepares for advanced collective training.
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Risk Management
• Composite Risk Management integration is integral to successful range design, construction, use and sustainment. • Early application of risk management in the planning process provides the planners and decision makers with alternatives that reduce safety hazards, limit adverse environmental impact and minimize operational constraints. • Information and data developed during the risk management process will facilitate and expedite the development of environmental impact documentation and accelerate the approval process. •Residual risks will be accepted by appropriate authority.

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Duties & Responsibilities – Live Fire Ops

• Safety is paramount during live-fire and laser operations. • Using-unit commanders (battalion or squadron) will
ensure that the officer-in-charge (OIC), the range safety officer (RSO), and the laser range safety officer (LRSO) receive an installation or community safety instruction before obtaining battalion or squadron commander safety certification. personnel in OIC, RSO, and LRSO duties for firing exercises or maneuver operations. AR 385-63 and DA PAM 385-63 are the primary source for range safety responsibilities.

• The safety certification programs will train and qualify

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Range Safety - Deviations
What is New in Range Safety in USAREUR •Deviating requirements in AR/DA PAM 385-63 •Must be signed by the Commander, 7USAJMTC •Deviation request must be submitted at least 45 days prior •Request must include: •Specific paragraph in AR/PAM to be deviated •Weapon and ammunition to be utilized •Locations of firing position and targets •Proposed controls measures •Additional information •Deviations valid for one year, must be renewed annually
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Range - Explosive Site Plans/Submission

•Site Plan/Submission is not required for:
•For firing ranges with approved SDZ •Range support facilities that are only used to store and

handle HD 1.4S munitions •Site Plan/Submission is required for: •Range support facilities (e.g., ammunition holding area, storage pads, resupply points, ammunition transfer points (ATPs), loading docks, burn pads, and handling areas) that are designed, constructed, and used for recurring ammunition operations and that are located on or near ranges require explosives safety site plans.

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Range Safety - Lead (Pb)
Best Management Practices – Firing Range • Hazardous compound - dust or water solution, breathed or ingested. • Public Health/Environmental Issue. Can enter drinking water. •Procedures will: • Keep the lead on the range • Treat it to be chemically harmless • Recycle it when required for safety & health/environment •Procedures include: Soil amendments Vegetation control Reclaiming Engineering controls Contaminant monitoring Recycling
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Range Safety – ‘Encroachment’ Control
Warning Verbiage (Bilingual) depends on level of Control Required •Caution: Not w/in SDZ •Danger to Life – around perimeter of SDZ • Certain Signs may be required only when firing is actually taking place. E.g., M203 range or 300mKD • Road guards • Roving Patrols • Surveillance
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Range Safety – Warnings
Warning signs shall be provided on the approaches to the range and the perimeter of the SDZ, if access is not otherwise restricted. Red flags and/or rotating, flashing red lights shall be provided at appropriate locations to signal when the range is in use. Fencing may be required when there are no other entry restrictions.

WARNINGS Danger--Firing in Progress When Red Flag is Flying Danger--Firing Ranges Do Not Enter Danger--Laser

LOCATIONS Approach Roads Fencing and Barriers Entry road and 100 feet (30.5 m) intervals on perimeter fencing
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Range Safety Gran Traps

Newly renovated November 2004

Following use with Tracer fire Approximately 4500 rounds w/ 1:4 tracer mix Approx. $350K damage
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Range Safety – Urban Operations Ammo and Terms
URBAN ASSAULT COURSE The Urban Assault Course (UAC) is a live five-station round-robin training facility designed to teach basic building entry and room clearing techniques. Training can be conducted under blank fire, MILES, Special Effects Small Arms Marking System (SESAMS) or "paintball" conditions, and live fire grenadier gunnery engagements. The UAC will be equipped with state-of-the-art three-dimensional targetry that has plug-and-play capability. Targets will respond to lethal shot placements only, and can be re-configured as either combatants or non-combatants. SHOOT HOUSE The Shoot House is a 3200 square-foot facility with interconnecting rooms and hallways. It will be constructed of bullet absorbing material and may have an overhead crane system to replace panels or blocks once they reach the bullet absorption level. The Shoot House is a live-fire training facility and will be completely instrumented to allow full-motion image and audio capture, and will also have an After-Action Review (AAR) facility. This facility is designed to train fire team and squad-sized elements in building entry and room clearing techniques under live-fire conditions.
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Range Safety - Future Challenges
• Weapon systems more lethal and capable of delivering greater firepower over increased distances. •Training ranges required to support live-fire, subcaliber devices, and laser and simulation technology. •Requirement for range use is growing. Acquiring additional range lands will be difficult, so sustaining current range lands becomes critical. •Resource funding - In an era of intense resource competition, each dollar spent to develop, mitigate, or restore training ranges must deliver the maximum return in effective training and combat readiness.

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Range Safety - Future Challenges
Range development projects require planning by team who coordinates RTLP process per AR 210- 21, Army Ranges and Training Land Program, and other applicable regs/guidance. Members of the interdisciplinary team are collectively called “Range Planners.” Range planners: • Seek innovative alternatives to fulfill training requirements. • Consider surge requirements on short notice in the event of mobilization. • Command interest and support - essential to each step of the development process. • Accurate, complete justification ensures resource expenditures provide optimum return. • Risk management process TC 25-8 Training Ranges
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USAREUR Range Safety
Sources of Information

Regulations: • AR 385-63, Range Safety • Draft AE Reg 385-63, Range Safety • AR 600-55, Army Driver and Standardization Program (AE Reg 600-55) • Other MACOMs’ Safety Regulations (FORSCOM, TRADOC, SOCOM, NGB) Pamphlets: • DA Pam 385-63, Range Safety Standards • DA Pam 350-38 STRAC USACE Design Manuals • USACE, Eng & Spt Ctr, Hsv, Range and Training Land Program, Standard Design Manual Range Records – defines weapons, caliber, distance, positions (height limitations) SOUM, GPM, AIN, SOF, Safety Alerts ASMIS - Accident Database CRC Preliminary Loss Reports

FMs: 3-22.9 (Rifle Marksmanship) • 3-22.68 (Crew served MG) • 7-8 (Infantry Rifle Platoon & Squad ) • 7-1 (Battle Focused) • 100-14 (Risk Mgt) • 3-06 Urban Operations • 3-06.11 Combined Arms (Urban) • 31-28 Spec Forces Adv Urban Combat TC 63-1 Warfighter Hdbk for CSS LFX TC 25-8 Training Ranges MIL HDBK 1027/3B (Range Facilities and Misc Training Facilities other than Buildings) TMs - Weapon Systems SOPs – Unit & Training Support Center – must address any/all specific training CALL TTPs/Lessons Learned 7th ATC Convoy Operations and Convoy Live Fire Program

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USAREUR Range Safety
Train effectively and with realism,

And do it SAFELY!

Questions?
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