A network of networks, joining many government, university and private computers together and providing an infrastructure for the

use of E-mail, bulletin boards, file archives, hypertext documents, databases and other computational resources The vast collection of computer networks which form and act as a single huge network for transport of data and messages across distances which can be anywhere from the same office to anywhere in the world.

What is internet
The internet is a network of computer linking many different types of computers all over the world. It is a network sharing a common mechanism for addressing computers, and a common set of communication protocols for communications between two computers on the networks.

‡ . The Internet carries a vast array of information resources and services, most notably the interlinked hypertext documents of the World Wide Web (WWW) and the infrastructure to support electronic mail. In addition it supports popular services such as online chat, file transfer and file sharing, gaming, commerce, social networking, publishing, video on demand, and teleconferencing and telecommunications. Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) applications allow person-to-person communication via voice and video.

Electronic mail [e-mail]
‡ The E-mail allows you to communicate with the other persons on the Internet. You can leave them messages and them the another message can afterward return you. It's much faster than the surface mail. This last one is called in the jargon " snail mail " because of its extreme slowness. Your message takes only a moment to go to the addressee. There are really no costs for the communication, except that of your access to an access provider in the Internet

Advantages of e-mail 
it is faster than paper mail.  unlike telephone, the persons communicating need not be available at the same time  unlike fax documents, email documents can be stored in a computer and can be edited easily using the editing program.

File transfer protocol
‡ Introduction ‡ FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is used to transfer documents or software of a site to your account of Internet or to your floppy disk. Several companies and universities have sites FTP to allow to their clientele to take the most recent versions of their software, their documentations or the " patchs " of their applications. Another advantage is for the designer of Web pages who should "publish". With FTP, he can transfer his pages, his images and the other documents in a public directory.

‡ File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard network protocol used to exchange and manipulate files over a TCP/IP based network, such as the Internet. FTP is built on a client-server architecture and utilizes separate control and data connections between the client and server applications. Client applications were originally interactive command-line tools with a standardized command syntax, but graphical user interfaces have been developed for all desktop operating systems in use today. FTP is also often used as an application component to automatically transfer files for program internal functions. FTP can be used with user-based password authentication or with anonymous user access. The Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) is a similar, but simplified, not interoperable, and unauthenticated version of FTP.

‡ Telnet (teletype network) is a network protocol used on the Internet or local area networks to provide a bidirectional interactive communications facility. Typically, telnet provides access to a command-line interface on a remote host via a virtual terminal connection which consists of an 8-bit byte oriented data connection over the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP). User data is interspersed in-band with TELNET control information.

‡ ‡

www.rad.com/networks/1997/telnet/proj.htm#INTRODUCTION Uses of Telnet Telnet is a text-based way of connecting to other computers and networks. It is one of the oldest forms of the Internet. When you telnet to another computer, it is like you are using a terminal of that system. Telnet is typically used with Unix-oriented systems. Telnet operates in a client/server environment in which one host (the computer you are using, running Client (User) Telnet) negotiates opening a session on another computer (the remote host, running Server Telnet). During the behind-the-scenes negotiation process, the two computers agree on the parameters governing the session. One of the first things they decide is the terminal type to be used -- in general, a line-by-line network virtual terminal, for simplicity's sake. Virtual terminal, in this context, refers to a set of terminal characteristics and sequences that both sides of a network connection agree to use to transmit data from terminals across the network, regardless of the terminal used. Telnet is a program that lets you use the power of the Internet to connect you to databases, library catalouges, and other information resources around the world. Want to see what the weather's like in an American city? Check on crop conditions in Azerbaijan? Get more information about somebody whose name you've seen online? Telnet lets you do this, and more. Alas, there's a big "but!'' Unlike the phone system, Internet is not yet universal; not everybody can use all of its services. Almost all colleges and universities on the Internet provide telnet access. But the Freenet systems do not give you access to every telnet system. The main reason for this is cost. Connecting to the Internet can easily cost US$1,000 or more for a leased, high-speed phone line.



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