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3G2G Handover and
reselection
ISSUE 1.0
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Page 1
Chapter 1 Cell selection and reselection
Chapter 2 Inter-system Hard Handover
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Page 2

 Mise sous tension / couverture retrouvée
 Réseau et technologie d’accès
préférés de l’utilisateur
 Dernier réseau et technologie
d’accès utilisés

 Liste des autres réseaux
 Réseau et technologie d’accès
préférés de l’opérateur

 Dernier réseau utilisé

 Réseau préféré

 Liste des autres Réseaux
Sélection de réseau
4
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 Squal et Srxlev sont les deux critères de sélection d’une cellule:
RSCP: niveau de champ
Sélection d’une cellule WCDMA
Squal >0

Srxlev >0
Ec/No: interference
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Page 4
SintraSearch(12dB)
SinterSearch(8dB)
SsearchRAT(4dB)
CPICH EcNo- qQualMin
Aucune possibilité de re-sélection
Possibilité de re-sélectionner seulement les cellules
intra-fréquence WCDMA
Possibilité de re-sélectionner seulement les cellules WCDMA
intra/inter- fréquence.
Possibilité de re-sélectionner les cellules WCDMA intra/inter-
fréquence et inter-RAT.
Les paramètres de la cellule serveuse Sintrasearch, Sintersearch &
SsearchRAT sont comparés avec Squal (CPICH Ec/No - Qqualmin).
10
Le déclenchement de le re-sélection
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1èr rangement: de toute les cellules basé
sur CPICH RSCP (WCDMA) & RSSI (GSM)

Rs = CPICH RSCP + Qhyst1(0dB)
Rn= Rxlev(n) - Qoffset1 (0 dB)
Rn (GSM) > Rs (WCDMA)
And
Rxlev (GSM) >QrxlevMin(-101dBm)
Yes No
re-selection
d’une cellule GSM
voisines WCDMA ou GSM
calculées avec le paramètre
offset
UE démarre les mesures GSM si
Squal < sSearchRAT(4 dB)
Le deuxième rangement seulement
pour les cellules WCDMA basé
sur CPICH Ec/No
Rs = CPICH Ec/No + Qhyst2 (2dB)
Rn=CPICH_Ec/No(n)-Qoffset2 (0dB)
re-selection de cellule
WCDMA ayant la plus
Grande valeur de R
cellule WCDMA serveuse
Calculée avec hysteresis
Algorithme de resélection
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Chapter 1 Cell selection and reselection
Chapter 2 Inter-system Hard Handover
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Chapter 2 Inter-system Hard Handover
2.1 Introduction
3. 2 Handover Algorithm
3.3 Key Parameters
3.4 Signaling flow
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The Brief Introduction of 3G  2G Handover
 Application scenarios
WCDMA FDD <->GSM
 Characters
GSM is used as an access technology after handover
Compressed mode should be used to help the measurement
 Advantages
For coverage, it can solve the problems from one system to another system
For capacity, it can enhance the utilizing efficiency of old equipments
 Disadvantages
The flow is complicated, and it demands higher compatibility for equipments
Demands more complicated UE
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Compressed Mode Initiated
 The inter-system measurement (GSM measurement)
Measurement type:
− GSM Carrier RSSI
− BSIC Identification
− BSIC Reconfirmation
The process of measurement: layer 1 filter, layer 3 filter
Measurement reporting
− Event reporting
▪ 2D Event: initiate GSM measurement
▪ 2F Event: stop GSM measurement
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Les résultats de mesure des cellules GSM voisines doivent satisfaire l’équation suivante

AVE_RXLEV_NCELL(n)>AdjgRxLevMinHO
Decision Algorithm
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BSIC Verification
Le mobile se synchronise à la cellule GSM avant l’exécution du handover.

Vérifier l’identification de la cellule GSM voisine au cas où deux cellule
GSM voisines ou plus utilisent la même fréquence BCCH.
Déclenchement ISHO Cellule cible trouvée Commande de ISHO
WCDMA Mesures RSSI Vérification BSIC
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Chapter 2 Inter-system Hard Handover
2.1 Introduction
3. 2 Handover Algorithm
3.3 Key Parameters
3.4 Signaling flow
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Mesures dans le mobile
CPICH RSCP CPICH Ec/No
Mobile entre en mode
compressé
GSM rapporte les mesures
RSSI
Conditions sur les
cellules vérifiées?

Mobile entre en mode
compressé

GSM rapporte les mesures
BSIC
Initier Handover
PS
CS
Handover Algorithm
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Decision Algorithm
 Inter-system handover caused by coverage
Event reporting:
− 3A event:The estimated quality value of the used UTRAN
frequency is lower than a certain threshold, and that of the other
system is higher than a certain threshold .
Periodic reporting:
− Evaluation:According to the periodic reported GSM RSSI
measurement value and the BSIC confirming state of target cell of
GSM system, and meanwhile the UE evaluates the GSM RSSI of
target cell is greater than the absolute threshold, then consider
the cell confirmed by BSIC.
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Decision Algorithm
 Inter-system handover caused by non-coverage
Event reporting
3C event: The estimated quality value of the other
system is higher than a absolute threshold.
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Chapter 2 Inter-system Hard Handover
2.1 Introduction
3. 2 Handover Algorithm
3.3 Key Parameters
3.4 Signaling flow
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Key Parameters (I)
 Inter-system handover caused by coverage parameters
Inter-system measurement initiated and stopped threshold:
Considering the different demands of CPICH Ec/No and CPICH
RSCP for PS domain and CS domain, the different 2D and 2F
parameters are configured
Inter-system measurement values (2D, 2F)
− CPICH Ec/No
− CPICH RSCP
BSIC confirmed (Optional)
Inter-system handover caused by coverage parameters
− configure the GSM RSSI threshold of CS domain and PS
domain separately
Using inter-system frequency quality handover threshold
Configure the delay trigger time, hysteresis for each event
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Key Parameters (II)
 Inter-system handover caused by non-coverage parameters
The period of inter-system measurement report
The decision threshold for inter-system handover: configure the
CS, PS, signaling separately
Time delay trigger : configure BSIC with acknowledged and
unacknowledged mode
Inter-frequency measurement layer 3 filter coefficient and
hysteresis
Penalty time
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Chapter 2 Inter-system Hard Handover
2.1 Introduction
3. 2 Handover Algorithm
3.3 Key Parameters
3.4 Signaling flow
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Page 20

1. Relocation
Required
2. Prepare
Handover
3. Handover
Request
4. Handover
Request Ack
12. Iu Release
Command
13. Iu Release
Complete 14. Send End
Signal Response
5. Prepare
Handover
Response
6. Relocation
Command
7. DCCH : Handover
from UTRAN Command

8. Handover
Detect
9. Handover Complete

10. Handover
Complete
11. Send
End
Signal
Request

UE
Node B SRNC CN MSC BSC
Inter-system Handover Flow
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