You are on page 1of 31

VIET NAM TI MCU DESIGN CONTEST 2012

REPORT:
SMART FIRE ALARMING SYSTEM BASED
ON HEAT SENSOR
Team: XPS_MARS
TI MCU
1
OUTLINE:
1 Problems
2
Detailed Descriptions of Device
2
3
4
Further works
2
The achieved goals and difficulty
INTRODUCTION OF GROUP:
Tin Mai Thanh Tuan Tran Minh Nham Tran Khac
XPS_MARS Team
3
4
Damaged 306.551
billion dong
CURRENTLY THE FIRE FIGHTING IS IMPERATIVE FOR
SOCIETY.
Killed 23 people 873 fires
1. PROBLEMS
4
Violation
Detection, treatment late
Consciousness
Risk from industrical zone
1.1 CAUSE
5
6
7
Device
Phát hiện
nguy cơ cháy
Báo động khi
có nguy cơ
cháy

Thiết bi sẽ thay thế con người trong việc
phòng cháy, chữa cháy, nâng cao độ an
toàn cũng như giảm thiệt hại trong việc
phòng cháy chữa cháy của nhà ở, chợ,
các khu dân cư, cao ốc lớn…

1.2 SOLUTION:
2.1 BLOCK DIAGRAM OF THE SYSTEM
8
Execution
block
Management
block
Microcontroller
block
Signal
processing
Calculated
data
classification
Energy
management
block
Mass
communications
manager
Sprinkle
r system
Sirens
System
power off
Temperature
9
9
execution
Management
block
Microcontroller
block
Signal
processing
calculated
data
classification
energy
management
block
mass
communications
manager
sprinkler
system
sirens
system
power off
Temperature
2.1 BLOCK DIAGRAM OF THE SYSTEM
10
10
execution
Management
block
Microcontroller
block
Signal
processing
calculated
data
classification
energy
management
block
mass
communications
manager
sprinkler
system
sirens
system
power off
Temperature
2.1 BLOCK DIAGRAM OF THE SYSTEM
11
11 11
execution
Management
block
Microcontroller
block
Signal
processing
calculated
data
classification
energy
management
block
mass
communications
manager
sprinkler
system
sirens
system
power off
Temperature
2.1 BLOCK DIAGRAM OF THE SYSTEM
12
12 12
execution
Management
block
Microcontroller
block
Signal
processing
calculated
data
classification
energy
management
block
mass
communications
manager
sprinkler
system
sirens
system
power off
Temperature
2.1 BLOCK DIAGRAM OF THE SYSTEM
13
13
execution
Management
block
Microcontroller
block
Signal
processing
calculated
data
classification
energy
management
block
mass
communications
manager
sprinkler
system
sirens
system
power off
Temperature
2.1 BLOCK DIAGRAM OF THE SYSTEM
14
14 14
execution
Management
block
Microcontroller
block
Signal
processing
calculated
data
classification
energy
management
block
mass
communications
manager
sprinkler
system
sirens
system
power off
Temperature
2.1 BLOCK DIAGRAM OF THE SYSTEM
15
15 15
execution
Management
block
Microcontroller
block
Signal
processing
calculated
data
classification
energy
management
block
mass
communications
manager
sprinkler
system
sirens
system
power off
Temperature
2.1 BLOCK DIAGRAM OF THE SYSTEM
16
16
execution
Management
block
Microcontroller
block
Signal
processing
calculated
data
classification
energy
management
block
mass
communications
manager
sprinkler
system
sirens
system
power off
Temperature
2.1 BLOCK DIAGRAM OF THE SYSTEM
17
17 17
execution
Management
block
Microcontroller
block
Signal
processing
calculated
data
classification
energy
management
block
mass
communications
manager
sprinkler
system
sirens
system
power off
Temperature
2.1 BLOCK DIAGRAM OF THE SYSTEM
18
18 18
execution
Management
block
Microcontroller
block
Signal
processing
calculated
data
classification
energy
management
block
mass
communications
manager
sprinkler
system
sirens
system
power off
Temperature
2.1 BLOCK DIAGRAM OF THE SYSTEM
19
19 19
execution
Management
block
Microcontroller
block
Signal
processing
calculated
data
classification
energy
management
block
mass
communications
manager
sprinkler
system
sirens
system
power off
Temperature
2.1 BLOCK DIAGRAM OF THE SYSTEM
20
2.1 COMPONENTS
MSP 430G2553
Microcontroller
DS 18B20
(Heat sensor)
LCD

ASM1117 (3.3V Voltage
Regulator IC)
Buzzer
Relay
21
2.2 PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION
22
2.3 LOW POWER MODE.
Low Power Mode 0:
• CPU disable.
• MCLK disable.
• ACLK and SMCLK active.
Mode Current(A) Voltage(V) Power(W)
LPM0 Normal 0.005 3.3 0.0165
Alarm 0.03 3.3 0.099
Active Normal 0.015 3.3 0.0495
Alarm 0.03 3.3 0.99
Table 1: Compare between LPM0 and Active Mode
23
0
0.05
0.1
0.15
0.2
Normal Alarm
LPM0
Active
ATmega8A
Power
2.3 LOW POWER MODE.
Chart 1: Compare MSP430G2553 & ATmega8A
3.1 DIFFICULTY
 Construct algorithm, pattern.
 Select suitable microcontroller of TI.
 Learn the modes of operation, types of pulse(ACLK,
SMCLK, …) , timer…
 Measure, calculate and compare low power mode with
others.
 Calculate the temperature alarm to suit each region.
 Select the suitable temperature sensor.
 Schedule summer vacation and work.
 Noise Reduction.
 GPS application on the device.




24
25
Alarm
Turn off the power
Active Sprinkler
Display temperature
3. 2THE ACHIEVED GOALS
26
Energy saving
Flexible Energy A processor for multiple
rooms
3. 2 THE ACCHIEVED GOALS
- POTENTIAL, EXTENSIVE MARKET.
2
• Hospitals
• Schools
Universities
• Offices


3
• Tenements
• Households.

4.FURTHER WORKS & PRACTICABILITY
27
4.1 PRACTICABILITY
 Increase in fires
over the years.
4.1 PRACTICABILITY
• Device: small, saving
energy.
28
4. 2 FURTHER WORKS
Use A-GPS Technology Use Fume Sensor
29
Decrease size, use
SMT/SMD components.
Decrease Noise,
Error.
 Find safe, effective and small
energy power.
30
4.2 FURTHER WORKS
31