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GARDENS

C H I N E S E G A R D E N S
INTRODUCTION

•The Chinese Garden is a place for
solitary or social contemplation of
nature.

•Chinese gardens were created in the
same way as a combination of
landscape
and paintings together with poems -
this was the so-called "poetic
garden."

•The design of Chinese gardens was
to provide a spiritual utopia for one to
connect with nature, to come back to
one's inner heart.
• Chinese gardens are a spiritual
shelter for people.



INTRODUCTION

•Chinese landscape architecture is
the relationship between man and
nature.

•The agriculture of the Yangshao
villages had created a vast regional
garden out of nature.

• Thus, nature came to be regarded as a
partner friend and equal to man.

•This was an escape from the frustration
and disappointment of the political
problems in China.

C H I N E S E G A R D E N S
• Landscape design has been of great
significance in Chinese culture for more
than 2,500 years.
• Emperors have bankrupted their
dynasties building vast gardens.

• the design of even the simplest garden
blends the traditional arts of landscaping
with painting, poetry, and calligraphy to a
remarkable degreE.

• the essence of everything in nature
is c'hI or spiritual harmony with the
universe.
• IN THESE GARDENS people can
experience "an eternal moment of
suspended time when man and nature
seem in perfect accord.“



• SOURCE (from The Chinese Garden, by Maggie Keswick)



C H I N E S E G A R D E N S
HISTORY
• The Chinese Classical Garden,
are expressions of Chinese
landscape architecture .

• Chinese civilization, starting
from the Neolithic, merged
during the Jin Dynasty to form
Classical Chinese Gardens as
the stream of Chinese
landscape architecture.






Chinese Gardens at Pagoda Yunyan Ta
History
C H I N E S E G A R D E N S




History

•Beginning with the first historic records two types of
Landscape architecture are recorded.

• The royal park of the Shang kings in Yinxu and
agriculture of the common people.

•The royal park was designed as a raised platform
surrounded by lush vegetation in the palace where
feasts were held.

•It was a notable exception to the aesthetic of the
large scale royal park as an expression of worldly
power.

• It is the earliest example of Landscape Architecture
to commune with nature in China.
C H I N E S E G A R D E N S
LAKE GARDENS,YUNYAN

• Chinese gardens are built not planted.
• The basic form of the garden is created by
ponds and mounds.
• China is mostly covered in mountains, thus
they have occupied a special place in the
collective imagination since the Neolithic.
• In myth certain mountains are themselves
sacred.
• The pits dug to heap these mounds are
used as ponds and streams.
• The pavilions are placed in this landscape
of mounds and ponds at auspicious points.
• Together the mound, pond, and pavilion
create the primary form of the garden.
• A secondary layer is created by plants.
C H I N E S E G A R D E N S
DESIGN



C H I N E S E G A R D E N S
PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN
•The main principal of these gardens
is to recreate nature in deep
observation and understanding of the
nature.
•Chinese gardens display a delicate
balance between the forces of nature
and man's creation.
•The origin of Chinese garden was
due to the abundance and beauty of
natural landscape resources.
• These luxurious gardens provide a
spiritual refuge from worldly worries.



C H I N E S E G A R D E N S
Architecture
•Architecture is the primary element of
design.
•The garden scenes are all constructed to
be best viewed from a pavilion.
•A more dynamic although inferior scene
may be seen from a path.
•the location of the building determines the
circulation of paths.
•The path itself can become architectonic
by the addition of roof and screen walls.
•The screen walls often have moon-
shaped doorways and small windows in
the shapes of vases and apples.




C H I N E S E G A R D E N S
GARDEN ELEMENTS
•Chinese gardens
consist of three natural
elements:rock, water and
plants.

•The rock in he garden represents
the skeleton
of universe.

•the water represents the blood of
the universe.

•Plant REPRESENTS the hair of the
universe.

• Thus by making use of these
elements it animates life in the
garden.





C H I N E S E G A R D E N S
WATER FEATURES
Water: It is the central component of the
Chinese gardens.

•Chinese gardeners while making the
traditional gardens always check if the
site has natural water source.

•artificial water source are made and
hidden behind man-made mountain to
enhance a natural picture.

•Water serves as a balance for the other
elements in the garden.
•IT ALSO PROVIDES LISTENING
SATISFACTION IN THE GARDEN.





C H I N E S E G A R D E N S
PLANTS AND SYMBOLISM
•Plants are used as symbols.
•bamboo for strong but resilient character.
•pine for longevity and dignity.
•lotus for purity.
• flowering plum for renewal and strength.
•peonies for wealth.

• Banana trees are also used largely in
these gardens but they do not have any
symbolism.
• They are used for the sound that they
make in the breeze.

.These plants are most favoreD for their
association of overcoming the limitations
of ordinary life.





C H I N E S E G A R D E N S
OTHER FEATURES
•Waterside Pavilion is the common
feature of the Chinese garden
architecture.
•These pavilions are wooden house
supported on stilts.
•They help in viewing the garden from all
sides of the building.
•Decorative windows are
placed along the outer boundary of the
wall.

•The Chinese pavilions have different
style of designs on the roof.
•The roofs displays the phoenix, a
legendary bird that has lighter and
sharper wings.



C H I N E S E G A R D E N S
OTHER FEATURES
•Walkways, and outer and inner walls are
some of the other features of chinese
gardens.
•The walls have moon-shaped doorways and
small windows in the shapes of vases as their
belief of being perfect.
•Bats carved on the top stone molding are the
symbol of good luck.
•The floor of stones symbolises tranquilitY.
•It is said that when people walk on it barefoot
they feel more calm and light.

•Graceful bridges and enchanting landscapes
are the other features that provide an elegant
setting to the event.




C H I N E S E G A R D E N S
Bibliography


•INTERNET:

•www.wikipedia.com

•www.architecture-
student.com/chinesegarden

•living.oneindia.in/garden

•BOOK:

•Chinese Gardens - Artistic recreation of
nature in its original form
By: Sharon Supriya




C H I N E S E G A R D E N S
THANK YOU