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Memory

PRESENTED BY :
• MUHAMAD ASHRAF BIN MUHAMAD RODZI
• MOHAMMAD REIZAL BIN MAT BAKRI

History Of Flash
Memory
 Dr. Fujio Masuoka invented flash
memory while working for
Toshiba in 1984.
 One of his colleagues came up
with the name Flash because it
reminded him of a flash of
camera.
 Flash memory was presented at
an invention, which was the
Integrated Electronics Devices
Meeting, in 1984 by Dr.
Masuoka.
WHAT IS FLASH
MEMORY?
• Flash memory is a form of computer memory that is
programmed and erased electrically.
• It is a type of electrically erasable programmable
read-only memory (EEPROM) chip.
HOW FLASH
MEMORY WORKS
• There are two transistors which are separated by a thin
oxide layer.
• The two transistors are known as the floating gate and
the control gate. The only way that the floating gate can
get to the word line is by passing through the control
gate. During this the cell has a value of 1. To change the
value to a 0, it needs to go through a process called
Fowler-Nordheim tunneling.
Different Types of Flash
Memory
 There are two main types of Flash Memory: NOR and
NAND.
 Comparison between NOR and NAND flash.
Types of Flash Memory
 SD Cards
 Compact Flash Cards
 USB Drives
 Memory Sticks
 SmartMedia Cards
Major Manufactures of Flash
Memory
SanDisk
Qmemory
Kingston
Transcend
Sony
Samsung
Kingston
Intel
Toshiba
Lexar
Kingmax
Fujifilm

FLASH MEMORY
INFORMATION
For you to get data, flash memory doesn’t need a
constant power supply.
The lifespan can very from 100,000 to 100,000,000
write cycles.
They have very fast access times, don’t use much
power, and has an immunity to severe shock or
vibration.
References:
• http://www.howstuffworks.com/flash-memory.htm
• http://www.explainthatstuff.com/flashmemory.html
• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flash_memory#History
• http://www.photokina-
show.com/news_images/00401_kingston_flash_memory.jpg
• http://www.flash-memory-store.com/
• http://www.pc-point.co.uk/images/categories/flash-memory-cards_48.jpg
• http://www.qmemory.com/images/products/sd_to_usb/main_sd_to_usb.jpg
• http://www.memory4less.com/images/products/kingston-lg.jpg
• http://canpc.com/images/MEMORY/Transcend-Red-Logo.jpg
• http://ployer.com/archives/2007/05/02/Princeton%20Xiao%20Slide%20USB%20fla
sh%20memory%20drive.jpg
• http://www.made-in-china.com/image/2f0j00feSQEUABaGzKM/Flash-Memory-
Card.jpg
• http://www.computerrepairmaintenance.com/images/flash-drive.png