Ecological

Governance:
Viable Strategies in Solving the Solid Waste Problems of Los Baños, Laguna

Mayor Caesar P. Perez Municipality of Los Baños, Laguna

Los Baños, Laguna

• Located 63 km south of Manila • Lying between the shore of Laguna de Bay and Mt. Makiling • Where science and nature exist in harmony

Land Area
• Total land area 5,650 ha • 42% UPLB (tax free) • 22% military reservation & other government organizations • 36% taxable

The Los Baños Solid Waste Problems
 Citizens solely dependent on government for garbage management  Accumulated dumped wastes for more than 20 years  Non-enforcement of local ordinances  24-hr smoke emission from burning combustible wastes  Increasing population and business establishments  Limited funds for procurement of equipment and machines  Non-availability of Sanitary Landfill  Indiscriminate use of non-biodegradable packaging materials and composite packaging) plastics

The Los Baños Open Dumpsite in 2001
• Indiscriminate dumping inside the dumpsite • Unsegregated wastes in the dumpsite • Continuous emission of hazardous smoke from spontaneous combustion of garbage • Breeding ground for flies, rats and other pests • Mountain of garbage along adjoining creek

The Los Baños Dumpsite in 2001

• Dumped garbage congesting road and entrance to the open dumpsite • Alternate route to Jamboree Site difficult for motorists to pass by due to waste congestion and toxic smoke • Health perils to waste pickers and workers

The Los Baños Dumpsite in 2001

Started more than 20 years ago

• 33-35 tons of mixed wastes generated daily • 24-hr burning of combustible, non-biodegradable materials like plastic

The Los Baños Dumpsite in 2001

Smoke rising above the open dumpsite and spreading over neighboring barangays

Waste Generators of Los Baños
     Total households: 17, 030 Total population: 92, 071 14 barangays 2 public markets Approximately 2,500 commercial establishments

STRATEGIES SOCIAL POLITICAL TECHNICAL

 Use of technical, social and political means to find alternative solution to Sanitary Landfill  Local employed technology

 Social preparation and empowerment of the citizen  Political will to ensure proper enforcement, incentives, penalties among others

SOCIAL STRATEGIES

 Aim at instilling discipline to the people in managing our wastes  Focus on communitywide participation  Citizen’s responsibility in keeping Los Baños clean and green

Organized Technical Working Group from the LBSCFI
 Los Baños Science Community Foundation Inc. (LBSCFI) is composed of 22 public and private research and development institutions located in Los Banos  Technical Working Group composed of members from LBSCFI

Participatory Problem Identification and Solving
 Encouraging citizen’s Participation in problem solving through dialogues and meetings  Meetings are conducted in different venues, even in the open dumpsite to push for the program to solve the problem on garbage

Organizing the Stakeholders
 For effective enforcement and monitoring of Municipal Ordinance on Anti-littering and Solid Waste Management (SWM), Stakeholders were consulted and organized such as LBSCFI  Barangay or Village officials are important leaders in the implementation, enforcement and monitoring of the SWM program
Barangay Officials

Los Baños Science Community Foundation, Inc.

Organizing the Stakeholders

Business establishments

Homeowners and resort owners

Religious organizations

Organizing the Stakeholders

Junkshops, gasoline stations, repair shops, hospitals, schools, markets, funeral parlors, computer shops

Organizing the Stakeholders

 Under RA 9003 (Phil law on solid waste management) waste picking are not allowed unless recognized by the local government.  Waste pickers were organized and recognized to one group, they were provided with Identification Cards, uniform and tribike

Los Baños solid waste organizations

Massive Information, Education and Communication Campaigns
• Prior to the implementation of the municipal ordinance on proper waste management, massive information, education and communication campaign was conducted • Info caravan on wheels (motorcade) • House-to-house distribution of flyers by the municipal health workers, nutrition workers and scholars making sure that every household was informed and has signed in a paper that they have received and understood the SWM Program • Signages are displayed and public address system echoing the SWM program on thickly populated areas

TECHNICAL STRATEGIES

 Aim to eliminate remnants of open dumpsite by implementing waste segregation and recycling of non-biodegradable waste into usable form using local and appropriate technology

Waste Segregation Program

 Mandatory segregation biodegradable and nonbiodegradable) at households, commercial establishments and public market

Solid wastes are segregated into biodegradable and non-biodegradable wastes.

Waste Segregation Program

Monday-Friday

Second and Fourth Saturday 8-9 p.m.

Sunday

8-9 p.m.

Biodegradable wastes

Nonbiodegradable wastes

No collection except market wastes

Garbage collection schedule

Waste Segregation Program

Truck collecting residuals

Truck collecting biodegradable wastes

Waste Segregation Program

 Pilot project in barangay Tadlac where cluster of houses shares a composting drum for biodegradable wastes

Composting in residential areas

Waste Segregation Program
 Resort owner doing and sharing on-site composting and waste segregation

Composting in resorts

The Los Baños EcoWaste Processing Center (EWPC)

 1.1 ha open dumpsite converted into Eco-Waste Processing Center starting June 14, 2004

Facilities in Eco-Waste Processing Center

 228 sq m composting pen measuring 1m x 8 m x 0.5 m per pen  Low cost, leachate collecting pond preventing underground water pollution Static concrete composting pens Composting at EWPC

Facilities in Eco-Waste Processing Center

 Improved design to reduce odor  made of light, available materials (wood, bamboo and plastic screen)

Crib-type composting pens Composting at EWPC

Shredding of biodegradable wastes in preparation to composting
Unload Apply coir dust Sort manually prior to shredding

Shredded biowaste Composting process

Shred

Compost

Macro and Micro Nutrient Analysis
Results of Analysis
Analyte
Total Nitrogen (%) Total Phosporous (% P205) Total Potassium (%K20) Total Calcium (%) Total Magnesium (%) Total Iron (%) Total Zinc (%) Total Copper (%) Total Manganese (%) Moisture Content (%) pH Organic Carbon (%)

Value
2.77 0.81 1.70 0.39 0.05 0.43 0.01 0.005 0.01 48.02 8.4 23.14

Compost Utilization

The Local Government provides free compost to local cutflower producers

POLITICAL STRATEGIES

 Implementation of the law through participatory and transparent accountability

Creating a Solid Waste Management Board (RA 9003 Sec.12)

 Municipal Solid Waste Management Board is the policy making body which recommends measures and safeguard against pollution and preservation of the environment

Formulation of the 10-Year SWM Plan

 covers 2005-2014 Aims to arrest environmental ills of the dumpsite through: - improvement of the EcoWaste Processing Center - sustainable communitywide SWM Plan adoption and transfer to other communities

Promulgating Municipal Ordinances and Memorandum Order
 Municipal Ordinance 2001-08 institutionalizing proper Solid Waste Management  Memorandum Order No. CPP-04-203 Pagpapataw ng Kasong Administratibo laban sa mga Opisyales ng Barangay na Di Tumutupad at Di Nagpapatupad ng RA 9003 at ang Pambayang Kautusan Blg. 2001-08

Deployment of Enforcers

Task Force Kalinisan Deputized Volunteer Enforcers

Enforcers are deployed for effective, efficient and sustainable enforcement of the Municipal Ordinance on proper waste management

Barangay Officials showing their support to Local Chief Executive on SWM Program

 with barangay officials using the local cable television, soliciting the citizens’ support on SWM

Addressing Residual Wastes

• consultative meeting with the

manufacturers of plastic and composite packaging with emphasis on their moral responsibility and accountability in recovery of wastes arising from their products

Dialogue with the Plastic Industry Association (Sept. 24, 2004)

Addressing Residual Wastes
 Aim to reduce film plastic wastes disposed to landfill

Recovery scheme for plastics

Addressing Residual Wastes
Initial Sample

Materials and furniture produced from plastic wastes

Addressing Residual Wastes

Tables from plastic wastes

Addressing Residual Wastes

Painted tables from plastic wastes used in Day Care Centers

Addressing Residual Wastes

Promotion on use of bayong (native woven bags) as alternative container

Launching the “Balik Bayong” Campaign, March 18, 2006

At Baybayin Public Market

At Batong Malake Public Market

Environmental Benefits
 Significant waste reduction  Reduced pollution  Clean Air

Economic Benefits
 Additional income to authorized waste pickers
(Chap. 6 Sec. 48 Par. 7)

 Equipment from scrap materials  Compacted slab plastics wastes made into day-care center tables and corrugated roofing material  Use of “bayong” as container instead of plastic bags increased income of small-scale producers  Compost to improve crop production and reduce chemical fertilizer usage

Social Benefits
 Improved peoples’ awareness in proper handling of wastes  Reduced health risk of the people living near and within the radius of smog of the dumpsite  EWPC as an inspiration to the people of Los Banos and to other LGUs

Looking Forward
At Local Level: Further Refinement of Residual Waste Technology (R&D)  Utilization of methane gas from solid wastes (bio-gas)  Other possible use of plastic wastes

Looking Forward
At National Level:  Policy initiative about manufacturers’ responsibility on environmental pollution • lessen the use of non-biodegradable • packaging materials • produce packaging materials that are • biodegradable or recyclable to prevent waste • accumulation • recovery scheme of plastic wastes arising from • the different products  Concerned Government Agencies shall perform their mandated tasks

Important Discussion Points from RA 9003
Section 5: The commission shall undertake the following activities:
f. Develop a model provincial, city and municipal solid waste management plan that will establish prototype of the content and format which the LGUs may use in meeting the requirements of the SWM framework

Important Discussion Points from RA 9003
Section 7: The National Ecology Center: a.Facilitate training and education in integrated ecological solid waste management d. Provide and facilitate expert assistance in pilot modeling of solid waste management facilities

Important Discussion Points from RA 9003

Section 8: Role of the Department (DENR) e. The department shall provide technical and other capability building assistance and support to the LGUs in the development and implementation of local solid waste management plans and programs

Important Discussion Points from RA 9003
Section 29: Non-environmentally acceptable products
Within one (1) year from the affectivity of this Act, the commission shall prepare a list of non-environmentally acceptable products that shall be prohibited according to a schedule that shall be prepared by the Commission The commission shall find alternative environmentally acceptable products

Important Discussion Points from RA 9003
Section 30 Prohibition on the use of Non-environmentally acceptable products
No person owning, operating or conducting a commercial establishment shall sell or convey at retail or posses with the intent to sell or convey at retail any products that are placed, wrapped or packaged in or on packaging which is not environmentally acceptable packaging The commission shall determine a phase-out period after proper consultation

The Los Baños Dumpsite:
Then and Now

Then…

…Now

The Los Baños Dumpsite:
Then and Now

Then…

…Now

The Los Baños Dumpsite:
Then and Now

Then…

…Now

The Los Baños Dumpsite:
Then and Now

Then…

…Now

The Los Baños Dumpsite:
Then and Now

Then…

…Now

Points to Ponder
Garbage problem is not sole responsibility of the government; the citizens must do their share on proper waste disposal. Everyone is enjoined into becoming a disciplined citizens by practicing waste segregation, composting, re-use and recycling .

Points to Ponder
No amount of high technology and financial capability can solve the garbage problem without

DISCIPLINE DISCIPLINE
is the road to community and nation progress

Acknowledgments
Working toward making Los Baños a better, cleaner, and healthier science and nature city:  LBSCFI  LGU of Los Baños  People of Los Baños

For comments or suggestions, please submit to:
Office of the Mayor Municipality of Los Banos Municipal Hall, Los Banos, Laguna lgu_losbanos@yahoo.com Telephone: +49 5360050

Mayor Caesar P. Perez

Dr. Luis Rey I. Velasco
President, LBSCFI and Chancellor, UPLB

Exec. Director,PCARRD and Consultant, LGU

Dr. Patricio S. Faylon

Ecological

Governance:
Viable Strategies in Solving the Solid Waste Problems of Los Baños, Laguna (2001-2006)

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