The Paint Detective

Patrick Baty

Sampling

Small samples are taken from each of the elements

The best of the samples are selected and placed in moulds with a label to identify them

The paint flakes are placed in half-filled moulds. Quick-setting resin is poured over them, and they are left to harden.

Cross Sections

Cross Sections

When the resin has set the block is cut through and polished

Microscopy

Examination is carried out using different microscopes

Paint Analysis

A series of green schemes found on a garden door on the Culzean Castle estate

Pigment Analysis
A few grains of pigment are spread on a glass slide and examined under a polarising microscope

Typical shapes of pigment particles

Scanning Electron Microscope

Simple

Tricky!

Gwydyr House

Benjamin Franklin House

Railings

Spencer House

Projects range from the sublime ….

Spencer House - Painted Room

James Stuart’s Design - 1759

Spencer House - Painted Room
Existing scheme

Plaster

Cross Section

First scheme

Note how the recent layers are much darker than the early ones

Spencer House - Painted Room
Gilding

Existing

Original

RAF Bicester

Wartime Bomber Station

Documentary Evidence

British Standard 381C: 1931

Albany

The aim of the project often varies

Hampton Court – Privy Garden

1702 1990

Tijou Screen

1975 Cross Section

Hampton Court 1995

Tijou Screen
To Gild or Not?

Initial compromise

Six months later

Hammersmith Bridge

Useful Training for a Paint Analyst

Sampling

From Top…..

…to Bottom

Location of Gilding

Temple Newsam

Picture Gallery before project

Red or Green Flock?

Temple Newsam - Green Flock

Fragment embedded in primer Finished appearance

Uppark - Saloon

3 2 1

Just three schemes Repton Bookcase 1814

Uppark - Little Parlour
Fowler-applied

Chimneypiece

Cross-Section

Goodwood

Evidence of something underneath

Goodwood - Scagliola Revealed

Painters’ names
1947 1970 1903

Egyptian Dining Room

Original Paintwork

Unpainted plaster

Tapestry Drawing Room ceiling

Early Texts

John Smith

Whittock, Tingry and Hay

Handel House Museum

Exterior

First View

Attic Panelling

Red oxide in size primer

Original Door

Early browns

Handel House - Completed

Newhailes

Dining Room

Fine Green

The colourman who supplied the paint

Newhailes - Dining Room
French Ultramarine

1740s & 1870s Schemes

1870s scheme on sashes

Newhailes – Alcove Bedroom

Five schemes

Holmwood House

Alexander “Greek” Thompson

Exposed Stencilling

Entrance Hall – fifth scheme

Landing – third scheme

Elaborate Decoration
Gilding

Green

Red

Gilded Stencil Detail
Plaster

Scope for Confusion

Green on Red Stencil

Red on Green Stencil

A Wiltshire House - Saloon

Chimneypiece

Exposed purple on ceiling

By Appointment to Her Majesty The Queen Architectural Paint Specialists Papers and Paints Ltd

For more information on what I do:

www.colourman.com
Blog = http://papers-paints.blogspot.com

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