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REVIEW OF PHYSICAL

PRINCIPLES
1. Mekanika : Satuan, Dimensi, Energi dan Kerja,
Efek Relativitas : pernyataan massa elektron
dalam satuan energi
2. Kelistrikan : efek partikel bermuatan pada
atom, efek tegangan listrik, efek medan listrik,
3. Sistem Transfer Energi : listrik, gelombang, gem
4. Sistem Kuantum : partikel foton, elektron,
netron, alfa, betha, ion, dll


Latihan soal 2.15
(a) What voltage is required to accelerate a
proton from zero velocity to a velocity
corresponding to a de Broglie wavelength of
0.01 A ?
(b) What is the kinetic energy of an electron
with this wavelength?
(c) What is the energy of an X-ray photon
whose wavelength is 0.01 A ?
Latihan soal no 2.35 dan 2.36
2.35. A neutron passes two points 10.0-m apart in 10 s.
Calculate the neutrons energy in units of
(a) joules,
(b) ergs, and
(c) electron volts.
2.36. A 10-MeV proton is injected into a 2-T magnetic
field at an angle of 30 to the field. Calculate the
(a) velocity of the 10-MeV proton and
(b) magnitude of the magnetic force acting on the
proton.
ATOMIC AND
NUCLEAR STRUCTURE
Rutherfords Nuclear Atom
Bohrs Atomic Model
Excitation and Ionization
Lihat contoh 3.1. hal 66 :
An ultraviolet photon whose wavelength is 2000 A
strikes the outer orbital electron of sodium; the
ionization potential of the atom is 5.41 eV.
What is the kinetic energy of the photoelectron?
SOAl-sOal
Soal 3.2 : Calculate the number of atoms per cubic
centimeter of lead given that the density of lead is
11.3 g/cm3 and its atomic weight is 207.21.
Soal 3.9 : A sodium ion is neutralized by capturing a 1-
eV electron. What is the wavelength of the emitted
radiation if the ionization potential of Na is 5.41 V?
Soal 3.24 : The visual threshold of the normal human
eye is about 7.3 1015 W/cm2 for light whose
wavelength is 556 nm. What is the corresponding
photon flux, in photons per square centimeter per
second?
Soal tambahan : Suatu mesin X-ray diperoleh dari
tegangan pemercepat 20 kV. Berapakah panjang
gelombang terpendek dan terpanjang yang akan
dihasilkan (baca buku Beiser 2.5)

THE NUCLEUS
Perilaku netron
Isotop
Ukuran dimensi dan Energi pada inti atom
Soal :
1. Perkirakan ukuran jejari inti Boron, bandingkan dengan ukuran sel tubuh
manusia
2. Perkirakan energi yg terkait dengan inti atom :
Suatu inti Helium-4, tersusun atas 2 elektron, 2 proton dan 2 netron.
Hitung massa dari seluruh penyusun atom tersebut.
Marilah massa atom He-4
Hitunglah selisih massanya, kemanakah massa yang hilang terseut ?
Konversilah kehilangan massa ke dalam energi ( Kesetaraan massa dan
energi, Einstein)
RADIATION SOURCES
Apa saja sumber radiasi g.e.m ?
Dari transisi elektronik :
Dari transisi nuklir :
DEFINISI RADIASI :
Electromagnetic radiation
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:EM_spectrum.svg
the following categories
- Alpha emission : seperti apa ?
- Beta (negatron) emission
Positron emission
Orbital electron capture
Isomeric transitions (The atomic number and the
atomic mass number of the daughter is same as
that of the parent.)
Gamma ray emission
Internal conversion
INTERACTION OF RADIATION
WITH MATTER
Jaringan tubuh terdiri dari atom, material detektor
juga terdiri dari atom.
Ringkaslah :
- Bagaimanakah jika foton (g.e.m) mengenai suatu
atom
- Bagaimanakah jika partikel bermuatan (alpha,
elektron, ion) mengenai suatu atom ?
- Bagaimanakan jika netron mengenai suatu atom ?
JAWAB dg DETAIL,
karena ini dasar dari Fisikawan Medis