UT Testing Problems

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UT Testing Problems

© All Rights Reserved

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problems

Useful table(velocity)

Material longitudinal waves shear waves

m/s m/s

Steel 5920 3250

Perspex 2730 1320

Aluminium 6400 3130

Water 1480 -------

Plastic

Lead 2400 790

Copper 4760 2330

Bismuth

Nickel 5480 2990

Glass 5660 3420

1. Calculate the ICA when inspecting 15mm steel ?

The first crical angle means ,my longitudinal waves are at 90:

i.e, at the surface of the material,

By using the snells law,

Sin i

v1

=

Sin r

v2

Sin i

2730

=

Sin 90

5920

Sin 90 x 2730

5920

Sin I =

Sin 90 x 2730

5920

I =

Sin

=27.46:

2. When constructing a 70 probe what is the

projected angle in the probe ?

Given data: r=70:

By using the snells law,

Sin i

v1

=

Sin r

v2

Sin i

2730

=

Sin 70

3250

Sin 90 x 2730

3250

Sin I =

Sin 70 x 2730

3250

I =

Sin

=52.12:

The velocity of first

Medium is always

Longitudinal only

3. Calculate the refracted longitudinal & shear waves.

When inspecting 20mm steel with an angle of 15: ?

Given data: i=15:

By using the snells law,

For longitudinal

Sin i

v1

=

Sin r

v2

Sin15

2730

=

Sinr

5920

Sin 15 x 5920

2730

Sin r =

Sin 15 x 5920

2730

r=

Sin

=34.14:

The velocity of first

Medium is always

Longitudinal only

For shear

Sin i

v1

=

Sin r

v2

Sin15

2730

=

Sinr

3250

Sin 15 x 3250

2730

Sin r =

Sin 15 x 3250

2730

r=

Sin

=17.94:

The velocity of first

Medium is always

Longitudinal only

4.Calculate the refracted longitudinal angle with an

incident angle in 28:?

Given data: i=28:

By using the snells law,

For longitudinal

Sin i

v1

=

Sin r

v2

Sin28

2730

=

Sinr

5920

Sin 28 x 5920

2730

Sin r =

Sin 28 x 5920

2730

r=

Sin

=math error:

The velocity of first

Medium is always

Longitudinal only

=Sin(1.01)

5. Calculate the II CA in aluminium ?

Given data: r=90:

By using the snells law,

Sin i

v1

=

Sin r

v2

Sin i

2730

=

Sin 90

3130

Sin 90 x 2730

3130

Sin I =

Sin 90 x 2730

3130

I =

Sin

=60.71:

The velocity of first

Medium is always

Longitudinal only

6. If a contact angle beams transducers produces a 45:

shear wave in steel. The angle produced by the same transducer

in a aluminium specimen would be?

Velocity of steel is 0.323cm/sec

Velocity of aluminium is 0.310cm/sec

Given data: rst=45:

By using the snells law,

Case1 : interface of Perspex and steel

Sin i

v1

=

Sin r

v2

Sin i

2730

=

Sin 45

3250

The velocity of first

Medium is always

Longitudinal only

Case2 : interface of Perspex and aluminium

Sin i

v1

=

Sin r

v2

Sin i

2730

=

Sin r

3130

Since , LHS are equal

Therefore, RHS are equal

Sin 45

3250

Sin r

=

3130

r= Sin

Sin 45 x 3130

3250

= 42.84:

7. In water immersion test ultrasonic energy is transmitted into

steel at an incident angle of 14: What is the angle of refracted

Shear wave with in the material?

Given data: i=14:

By using the snells law,

Sin i

v1

=

Sin r

v2

Sin14

1480

=

Sin r

3250

Sin 14 x 3250

1480

Sin r =

Sin 14 x 3250

1480

I =

Sin

=32.08:

The velocity of first

Medium is always

Longitudinal only

8. If you are requested to design a plastic shoes to generate

a Raleigh wave in aluminium what would be incident angle

of ultrasonic energy or wave?

Given data: raleigh wave means ,shear waves at 90:

i.e, r=90:

By using the snells law,

Sin i

v1

=

Sin r

v2

Sini

2730

=

Sin 90

3130

Sin 90 x 3130

2730

Sin i=

Sin 90 x 3130

2730

I =

Sin

=math error

The velocity of first

Medium is always

Longitudinal only

9. Compute the lambda of ultrasonic wave in lead (pb) at 1MHz

Given data: f=1MHz, vel of lead =24000000 mm/sec

= velocity/ freq

=2400000/1000000

= 2.4mm

10. When inspecting aluminium by immersion method using

water for a cup line at an incident angle 5:. Then the angle

of refracted of longitudinal wave?

Given data: incident angle=5:

longitudinal wave in aluminium

By using the snells law,

Sin i

v1

=

Sin r

v2

Sin5

1480

=

Sin r

6400

Sin 5 x 6400

1480

Sin r =

Sin 5 x 6400

1480

I =

Sin

=22.14:

The velocity of first

Medium is always

Longitudinal only

11. When inspecting aluminium 1.5mm defect is obtained

what is frequency of the probe?

Given data: defect size=1.5mm

/2= 1.5

=3

f=vel/

f= 6400000/3 = 2133333.33 Hz

f= 2.13 MHz

12. In immersion testing the refracted angle of aluminium 50:

obtained what will be the lead refracted angle?

Given data: ral=50:

By using the snells law,

Case1 : interface of water and aluminium

Sin i

v1

=

Sin r

v2

Sin i

1480

=

Sin 50

3130

The velocity of first

Medium is always

Longitudinal only

Case2 : interface of water and lead

Sin i

v1

=

Sin r

v2

Sin i

1480

=

Sin r

790

Since , LHS are equal

Therefore, RHS are equal

Sin 50

3130

Sin r

=

790

r= Sin

Sin 50 x 790

3130

= 11.14:

13. Calculate refracted angle of longitudinal in beryllium at

incident angle is 3: copper?

Given data: i=3:

Take ,Copper beryllium interface

By using the snells law,

Sin i

v1

=

Sin r

v2

Sin 3

4760

=

Sin r

12890

Sin 3 x 12890

4760

Sin r=

Sin 3x 12890

4760

I =

Sin

=8.14:

The velocity of first

Medium is always

Longitudinal only

14. Calculate the ICA and IICA of aluminium, steel and copper ?

The first crical angle means ,my longitudinal waves are at 90:

Second critical angle means, shear waves at 90:

i.e, at the surface of the material,

By using the snells law,

Case 1 : al

Lonitudinal shear

Sin i

v1

=

Sin r

v2

Sin i

2730

=

Sin 90

6400

Sin 90 x 2730

6400

Sin I =

Sin 90 x 2730

6400

I =

Sin

=25.24:

Sin i

v1

=

Sin r

v2

Sin i

2730

=

Sin 90

3130

Sin 90 x 2730

3130

Sin I =

Sin 90 x 2730

3130

I =

Sin

=60.71:

Case2 : steel

Lonitudinal shear

Sin i

v1

=

Sin r

v2

Sin i

2730

=

Sin 90

5920

Sin 90 x 2730

5920

Sin I =

Sin 90 x 2730

5920

I =

Sin

=27.46:

Sin i

v1

=

Sin r

v2

Sin i

2730

=

Sin 90

3250

Sin 90 x 2730

3250

Sin I =

Sin 90 x 2730

3250

I =

Sin

=57.14:

Case3 : copper

Lonitudinal shear

Sin i

v1

=

Sin r

v2

Sin i

2730

=

Sin 90

4730

Sin 90 x 2730

4730

Sin I =

Sin 90 x 2730

4730

I =

Sin

=35.25:

Sin i

v1

=

Sin r

v2

Sin i

2730

=

Sin 90

2330

Sin 90 x 2730

2330

Sin I =

Sin 90 x 2730

2330

I =

Sin

=math

error

15. When inspecting a steel absorbed an angle 65: what would be

the angle in copper and aluminium?

Given data: r=65:

By using the snells law,

Case1 : interface of prespex and steel

Sin i

v1

=

Sin r

v2

Sin i

2730

=

Sin 65

3250

The velocity of first

Medium is always

Longitudinal only

Case2 : interface of prespex and aluminium

Sin i

v1

=

Sin r

v2

Sin i

2730

=

Sin r

3130

Since , LHS are equal

Therefore, RHS are equal

Sin 65

3250

Sin r

=

3130

r= Sin

Sin 65x 3130

3250

= 60.79:

Given data: r=65:

By using the snells law,

Case1 : interface of prespex and steel

Sin i

v1

=

Sin r

v2

Sin i

2730

=

Sin 65

3250

The velocity of first

Medium is always

Longitudinal only

Case2 : interface of prespex and copper

Sin i

v1

=

Sin r

v2

Sin i

2730

=

Sin r

2330

Since , LHS are equal

Therefore, RHS are equal

Sin 65

3250

Sin r

=

2330

r= Sin

Sin 65x 2330

3250

= 40.52:

16. When inspecting 28mm bismuth plate absorbed at an angle 10:

what would be angle in steel nickle and glass?

Given data: r=65:

By using the snells law,

Case1 : interface of prespex and steel

Sin i

v1

=

Sin r

v2

Sin i

2730

=

Sin 65

3250

The velocity of first

Medium is always

Longitudinal only

Case2 : interface of prespex and aluminium

Sin i

v1

=

Sin r

v2

Sin i

2730

=

Sin r

3130

Since , LHS are equal

Therefore, RHS are equal

Sin 65

3250

Sin r

=

3130

r= Sin

Sin 65x 3130

3250

= 60.79:

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