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Creative Thinking

Creative Thinking
A way of looking at Problems or situations from a
fresh prospective that suggests
unorthodox solutions (which may look unsettling at
first). Creative thinking can be stimulated both by
an unstructured process such as brainstorming, and
by a structured process such as lateral thinking.
Greek philosophers like Plato
rejected the concept of creativity,
preferring to see art as a form of
discovery. Asked in The Republic,
"Will we say, of a painter, that he
makes something?", Plato
answers, "Certainly not, he
merely imitates.
Creativity And Intelligence
There has been debate in the psychological literature about
whether INTELLIGENCE (as measured by IQ) and creativity are part of the same
process (the conjoint hypothesis) or represent distinct mental processes (the disjoint
hypothesis).
Some researchers believe that creativity is the outcome of the same cognitive
processes as intelligence, and is only judged as creativity in terms of its
consequences, i.e. when the outcome of cognitive processes happens to produce
something novel, a view which Perkins has termed the "nothing special"
hypothesis.
An often cited model is what has come to be known as "the threshold hypothesis,"
proposed by Ellis Paul Torrance, which holds that a high degree of intelligence
appears to be a necessary but not sufficient condition for high creativity.
There is a positive Correlation between creativity and intelligence, this correlation
disappears for IQs above a threshold of around 120. Such a model has found
acceptance by many researchers, although it has not gone unchallenged.

Types of Creative Thinking
(1) Divergent Thinking
Divergent thinking is the process of thought
where a person uses flexibility and fluency to
explore as many solution or option to a
particular issue or problem.
It is the opposite of convergent thinking,
which has the characteristics to focus on only
one idea or solution.
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(2) Lateral thinking
Invented as an alternative to step-by-step
thinking, so called vertical thinking, which is
based on sequential steps.
It can be used for generation of new ideas
and problem solving as it by definition and
looks for completely new options.
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(3) Aesthetic thinking
The philosophy of aesthetics concerns the
creation and appreciation of art and beauty.
Knowledge of structure, composition, colour
schemes and shapes can be used to make
things aesthetically pleasing.
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(4) Systems thinking
Systems thinking can be described as the
ability to see how things are interrelated and
form a larger whole.
Think about a system that if one thing is
changed, the whole system will change.
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(5) Inspirational thinking
This type of creative thinking concerns the
perception of receiving ideas from
somewhere or someone else.
It often happens in dreams or other states,
but sometimes in extremely powerful, rapid
bursts of clarity and focus, known as light-
bulb moments or peak experiences.
4 elements of creative thinking

1. Be curious- a) play
b) suspend judgement
c) be open to all stimuli
d) ask yourself
2. Connect the unconnected-
a) Read widely
b) Talk to people in different fields
c) Try something different
d) Step sideways

Continue.
3. Cultivate your ideas-
a) Protect your new ideas
b) Daydream
c) Give it time
4. Challenge yourself-
a) Take risks and accept failures
b) Question assumptions
c) Trust yourself

Social Interaction
Problem
Solving
Creative
Cognition
Social Interaction
Problem
Solving
Creative
Cognition
Transformation
Creative
Action
Steps

1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Assessing
Situation
Exploring a
Vision
Formulating
Challenges
Exploring
Ideas
Formulating
Solutions
Exploring
Acceptance
Formulating a
Plan
Cognitive Skills
Diagnostic Visionary Strategic Ideational Evaluative Contextual Tactical
Affective Skills
Curiosity Dreaming Sensing Gaps Playfulness
Avoiding
Premature
Closure
Sensitivity to
Environment
Tolerance for
Risks
critical thinking the process we use to reflect on, assess and
judge the assumption underlying our own and others ideas
and efforts

creative thinking the process we use to develop ideas that
are unique, useful and worthy of further elaboration.
When you think creatively you are exploring
many new ideas

When you are thinking critically you are making
choices
Creative Thinking
Process
Five Step Process
1. Determine a goal.
2. Crank up the creative thinking.
3. Prioritize it.
4. Plan your course and take some action.
5. Assess your results.
27 May 2010 Nelli Lau 19
Creative Methods

Evolution increasing improvement
Synthesis existing ideas are
combined into a new idea
Revolution best new idea is a
complete different one
Reapplication look at something
old in a new way
Changing direction creative
insight
27 May 2010 Nelly Lau 20
Negative Attitudes That Block Creativity
Oh no, a problem!
It cant be
done.
I cant do it.
But Im not creative.
I might fail.
This is childish.
What will people
think?
27 May 2010 Nelly Lau 21
Positive Attitudes for Creativity
Curiosity
Challenge
Ability to
suspend
judgement &
criticism
To see a need
for
improvement
?
Seeing
the good in
the bad
CREATIVITY
? - A believe that most
problems can be solved.
? - Problems lead to
improvement.