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DATABASE

• A shared collection of
logically related data
• a description of this data
• designed to meet the
information needs of an
organization
DBMS

• A software system that
enables users to define
• create
• maintain
• control access to the
database
HARDWARE
Refers to all the systems
physical devices through:
 Microcomputer
 Minicomputer
 Mainframe computer
Includes all computer
peripherals which are
physical devices that
control computer input
and output such as:
 Keyboards
 Mice
 Modems
 printers

Includes devices that used to
connect two or more
computers to producing a
computer network
SOFTWARE
Collection of
programs used
Within the
database
system
OPERATING SYSTEM
SOFTWARE
* Manages all hardware
components
* Makes it possible for all
other software to run on
the computers
EXP: MacOS,MICROSOFT
XP/ LINUX
DBMS SOFTWARE

•Manages the
database within
database system
•EXP: Microsoft
Access and SQL
Server, Oracle
Corporation’s
Oracle
APPLICATION PROGRAMS AND
UTILITY SOFTWARE

•Access and manipulate data
•Manage computer environment
•Generate reports, tabulations
and other information to
facilitate decision making
•UTILITY = software tools used
to help manage the database
system computer’s components
•EXP UTILITY: GUI interfaces
 Includes all users of the database system.
Types of users
in database system
System
administrators
Database
administrators /
DBAs
End user
Database
designers
Systems analysts
and programmers
 System administrators
• oversee the database system’s general operations.

 Database administrators /DBAs
• manage the DBMS’s use.
• ensure that the database is functioning properly.

 Database designers
• design the database structure.

 Systems analysts and programmers
• design
• implement

 End user
• use the application programs.
the application programs
• Means by the instructions and rules that
should be followed and applied to the
design and use of the database system.
• Used for –
(1) enforcement of standardization
(2) well-organized method to monitor
and audit data

• Basic procedures involved:
Logon
 Run some programs
Start and stop the DBMS
Backup
 Failure handling
 Changes on the data structures or
physical storage
DATA
• Can be defined as:
(1) the raw material from which
information generated
(2) covers the collection of facts stored
in database
(3) used by the organization and a
description of this data called the
schema


• In library, operational data for system
catalog such as:
Names, types, sizes of data items
Relationships
 Integrity constraints on the data
Names of authorized users
Types of indexes and storage structures
Usage statistics

THANKS
FOR
LENDING
US YOUR
EARS…. 