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Recruitment

Introduction
Recruiting
Once an organization identifies its
human resource needs through
employment planning, it can begin the
process of recruiting potential
candidates for actual or anticipated
organizational vacancies.
Fundamentals of Human Resource
Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins
Introduction
Recruiting brings together
those with jobs to fill and
those seeking jobs.
Fundamentals of Human Resource
Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins
Recruiting Goals
To provide information that will attract a
significant pool of qualified candidates and
discourage unqualified ones from
applying.
Fundamentals of Human Resource
Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins
Recruiting Goals
Factors that affect recruiting efforts
Organizational size
Employment conditions in the area
Working conditions, salary and benefits
offered
Organizational growth or decline
Fundamentals of Human Resource
Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins
Recruiting Goals
Constraints on recruiting efforts
include:
Organization image
Job attractiveness
Internal organizational policies
Government influence, such as
discrimination laws
Recruiting costs
Fundamentals of Human Resource
Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins
Recruiting: A Global Perspective
For some positions, the whole world is a
relevant labor market.
Home-country nationals are recruited
when an organization is searching for
someone with extensive company
experience to launch a very technical
product in a country where it has never
sold before.
Fundamentals of Human Resource
Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins
Recruiting: A Global Perspective
Host-country nationals (HCNs) are
targeted as recruits when companies want
each foreign subsidiary to have its own
distinct national identity.
In some countries, laws control how many
expatriates a corporation can send.
HCNs minimize potential problems with
language, family adjustment and hostile
political environments.
Fundamentals of Human Resource
Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins
Recruiting: A Global Perspective
Recruiting regardless of
nationality may develop an
executive cadre with a truly
global perspective.
Fundamentals of Human Resource
Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins
Recruiting Sources
Sources should match the position to be filled.
The Internet is providing many new opportunities
to recruit and causing companies to revisit past
recruiting practices.
Sources:
Internal Searches
Employee Referrals/
Recommendations
External Searches
Alternatives
Fundamentals of Human Resource
Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins
Recruiting Sources
The internal search
Organizations that promote
from within identify current
employees for job openings:
by having individuals bid for
jobs
by using their HR management
system
by utilizing employee referrals
Fundamentals of Human Resource
Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins
Recruiting Sources
The internal search
Advantages of promoting from within include
good public relations
morale building
encouragement of ambitious employees and
members of protected groups
availability of information on existing employee
performance
cost-savings
internal candidates knowledge of the organization
the opportunity to develop mid- and top-level
managers
Fundamentals of Human Resource
Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins
Recruiting Sources
The internal search
Disadvantages include:
possible inferiority of internal candidates
infighting and morale problems
potential inbreeding
Fundamentals of Human Resource
Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins
Recruiting Sources
Employee referrals/recommendations
Current employees can be asked to recommend
recruits.
Advantages include:
the employees motivation to make a good
recommendation
the availability of accurate job information for the
recruit
Employee referrals tend to be more acceptable
applicants, to be more likely to accept an offer and to
have a higher survival rate.
Fundamentals of Human Resource
Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins
Recruiting Sources
Employee
referrals/recommendations
Disadvantages include:
the possibility of friendship
being confused with job
performance
the potential for nepotism
the potential for adverse impact
Fundamentals of Human Resource
Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins
Recruiting Sources
External searches
Advertisements: Must decide type and location
of ad, depending on job; decide whether to focus
on job (job description) or on applicant (job
specification).
Three factors influence the response rate:
identification of the organization
labor market conditions
the degree to which specific requirements are listed.
Blind box ads dont identify the organization.
Fundamentals of Human Resource
Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins
Recruiting Sources
External searches
Employment agencies:
Public or state employment services focus on
helping unemployed individuals with lower
skill levels to find jobs.
Private employment agencies provide more
comprehensive services and are perceived to
offer positions and applicants of a higher
caliber.
Fees may be paid by employer, employee or both.
Fundamentals of Human Resource
Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins
Recruiting Sources
External searches
Schools, colleges, and
universities:
May provide entry-level or
experienced workers through
their placement services.
May also help companies
establish cooperative education
assignments and internships.
Fundamentals of Human Resource
Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins
Recruiting Sources
External searches
Professional organizations:
Publish rosters of vacancies
Placement services at meetings
Control the supply of prospective applicants
Professional organizations also include
labor unions.
Fundamentals of Human Resource
Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins
Recruiting Sources
External searches
Unsolicited applicants (Walk-
ins): May provide a stockpile of
prospective applicants if there are
no current openings.
Cyberspace Recruiting: Nearly
four out of five companies use the
Internet to recruit employees.
Commercial job-posting services
continue to grow.
Fundamentals of Human Resource
Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins
Recruiting Sources
Recruitment alternatives
Temporary help services.
Temporary employees help organizations meet short-
term fluctuations in HRM needs.
Older workers can also provide high quality temporary
help.
Employee leasing.
Trained workers are employed by a leasing company,
which provides them to employers when needed for a
flat fee.
Typically remain with an organization for longer
periods of time.
Fundamentals of Human Resource
Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins
Recruiting Sources
Recruitment alternatives
Independent contractors
Do specific work either on or off the
companys premises.
Costs of regular employees (i.e. taxes and
benefits costs) are not incurred.
Fundamentals of Human Resource
Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins
Meeting the Organization
View getting a job as your job at the moment.
Preparing Your Resume
Use quality paper and easy to read type.
Proofread carefully.
Include volunteer experience.
Use typical job description phraseology.
Use a cover letter to highlight your greatest strengths.
Dont forget about networking as an excellent
way of gaining access to an organization.

Fundamentals of Human Resource
Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins