An example of “Cantinflando” in English

And getting up here I say it is the best road trip in America soaring through nature’s finest show. Denali, the great one, soaring under the midnight sun. And then the extremes. In the winter time it’s the frozen road that is competing with the view of ice fogged frigid beauty, the cold though, doesn’t it split the Cheechakos from the Sourdoughs? And then in the summertime such extreme summertime about a hundred and fifty degrees hotter than just some months ago, than just some months from now, with fireweed blooming along the frost heaves and merciless rivers that are rushing and carving and reminding us that here, Mother Nature wins. It is as throughout all Alaska that big wild good life teeming along the road that is north to the future. That is what we get to see every day. Now what the rest of America gets to see along with us is in this last frontier there is hope and opportunity and there is country pride.


1968: The whole world was watching.
1968 was a tumultuous year internationally.

The Vietnam War was still raging, and more and more US citizens were opposing it.

North Korea captured the USS Pueblo, a Navy intelligence gathering ship.

The photo that helped turn the US against the war in Vietnam.

My Lai massacre
US troops rampage through the village of My Lai, killing more than 500 civilians, claiming “We had to destroy the village in order to save it…”

Martin Luther King Jr.
Days after leading a sanitation workers’ march in Memphis, Dr. King is shot and killed.

Students occupy Columbia University

On “Blood Monday” 5000 students march through the Latin Quarter of Paris and battle with police.

9,000,000 workers later strike in support.

Robert Kennedy is shot and killed after a campaign speech.

The “Yippies” are formed.
The Youth International Party, a radical counterculture offshoot of the free speech and anti-war movements. Led by Abbie Hoffman and Jerry Rubin, they engaged in street theater, demonstrations, food co-ops, underground newspapers, and satirical pranks [like nominating a pig for president].

The Soviet Union invades Czechoslovakia with 200,000+ troops.

The Democratic Party’s convention in Chicago turns into a riot when police send 100 demonstrators to the emergency room.

2 October
Mexico City

La Plaza de las Tres Culturas

Plaza of Three Cultures





Mexican students, inspired by the actions of students in France, the US and elsewhere, took to the streets to protest societal iniquities, governmental repression, censorship and corruption. They were further inspired by the Cuban Revolution and the various leftist groups internationally that had also been inspired by the actions of a few who overthrew a colonial power. Students were joined by workers from various segments of the labor force. Women were also enjoying newfound freedoms of expression, independence, and liberation from the machismo inherent in Mexican society. Impoverished Mexico was about to host the Summer Olympics, which, regardless of promises and calculations, ALWAYS leaves the host country in debt.

The students protested over the course of 146 days, basing themselves on the campus of the UNAM. The Rector of the University protected the students against soldiers and even the President of the country [Díaz Ordaz], leading 50,000 students in a

On 2 October, the students and protesters marched from the campus to Tlatelolco, were they were met by the army and by the Olympic Battalion [military men in plain clothes, who could identify each other because they had either a white handkerchief or a white glove on the right hand] After the masses had arrived and assembled, a leader announced that the planned march to the Casco de Santo Tomás del Politécnico [another university] was suspended because 5000 soldiers and 300 tanks were waiting for them there.

Just after that 3 helicopters flew overhead, shining lights down on to the group. And then the shots rang out. Many ran to the church for shelter, but the Franciscan friars inside refused to open the doors. As the demonstrators ran towards the street in order to escape, they were fired on from behind by the soldiers. Other soldiers blocked access to the street, trapping 1000s inside of the plaza.

They later searched the apartment building, residence by residence, looking for protesters.

The next day…..
Life went on in Mexico City as if nothing had happened. Most newspapers which were controlled by the government, described the event as a riot caused by students, who provoked the military. One paper described the students as terrorists. Documents released years later showed the snipers to have been members of the Presidential Guard, who had been ordered to fire on the soldiers in order to provoke them. The official casualty count was 32 dead, 80 injured, 1000 arrested. Another 1000 were later detained. The press was prohibited from further investigating and publishing about the massacre.

Tlatelolco today
It look over 30 years to get an official investigation into the massacre. Vicente Fox, the first Mexican president to NOT be a member of PRI, opened the military and governmental archives to release official documents. Former President Luis Echeverría was arrested on charges of genocide, but the charges were later dismissed. The investigation continues. Documents showing the role of the Pentagon, the CIA, the FBI and the US State Dept. in the events preceding and following the massacre have been discovered.

In 1993, to mark the 25th anniversary, a stele with the names of some of those killed was erected in the Plaza.

One feature film, Rojo amanecer was made about the events. Another, Tlatelolco: Mexico 1968 is due to be released any day now.

Tonight’s film
This is the background against which tonight’s actions take place.

San Miguel de Canoa is a small, very conservative, very religious town in central Mexico, near Puebla.

La Malinche
A name we’ve seen before, but this time in a different context. Here she is a volcano, also known as Matlalccuéyelt, Matlalcueitl, Malintzín, or Malintzi. The volcano has been dormant for over 3000 years. The summit is around 14,650 feet / 4661 meters, the 6th highest peak in Mexico and the 252nd in the world.

The power of the priest
We’ve seen different manifestations of this all semester. The one tonight, taking place 41 years ago, is more disturbing than the previous ones [although perhaps not as bad as what we’ll see next week—your call] {The actor playing the priest was the Doctor in the film La Llorona} What to watch for and think about: 1. The priest 2. The narrator 3. The different actions and reactions of the villagers.

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