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**Solving Systems of Linear
**

Equations by Substitution Method

Solving Systems of Linear

Equations by Elimination Method

Addition

Subtraction

SOLVING SYSTEMS OF

LINEAR EQUATION BY

SUBSTITUTION

METHOD

SUBSTITUTION

METHOD

It is a method of solving

systems of linear equations by

substituting the first equation

to the second equation or the

second equation to the first

equation.

Steps on solving SLE by

substitution:

Use one of the equations to solve for

the “x” or the “y”.

Next, plug that equation to the other

equation.

After, solve the equation.

Then, plug the answer to the other

equation.

Lastly, check your answer and find the

point of intersection.

EXAMPLES:

1. x + y = 5

x – y = -1

Let’s use the second equation to

solve for “y”

y = x + 1

Now, let’s plug this to the first

equation

x + (x + 1) = 5

Then, let’s solve.

x + (x + 1) = 5

x + x + 1 = 5

2x + 1 = 5

2x = 5 – 1

2x = 4

2 2

x = 2

Now, let’s plug the “x” to the

second equation to find the

value of “y”

x – y = -1

2 – y = -1

– y = -1 -2

– y = -3

y = 3

Last, let’s check our answers

First Equation

x + y = 5

2 + 3= 5

5 = 5 TRUE

Second Equation

x – y = -1

2 – 3 = -1

-1 = -1 TRUE {(2,3)}

2. 3x + y = 10

2x – y = 0

Let’s use the second equation to

solve for “y”

y = 2x

Now, let’s plug this to the first

equation

3x + (2x) = 10

Then, let’s solve.

3x + (2x) = 10

3x + 2x = 10

5x = 10

5x = 10

5 5

x = 2

Now, let’s plug the “x” to the

second equation to find the

value of “y”

2x – y = 0

2(2) – y = 0

4 – y = 0

– y = 0 + -4

– y = -4

y = 4

Last, let’s check our answers

First Equation

3x + y = 10

3(2) + 4= 10

6 + 4 = 10

10 = 10 TRUE

Second Equation

2x – y = 0

2(2) – 4 = 0

4 – 4 = 0

0 = 0 TRUE {(2,4)}

3. 5x + y = 10

3x – y = 6

Let’s use the second equation to

solve for “y”

y = 3x – 6

Now, let’s plug this to the first

equation

5x + (3x – 6) = 10

Then, let’s solve.

5x + (3x – 6) = 10

5x + 3x – 6 = 10

8x = 10 + 6

8x = 16

8 8

x = 2

Now, let’s plug the “x” to the

second equation to find the

value of “y”

3x – y = 6

3(2) – y = 6

6 – y = 6

– y = 6 – 6

– y = 0

y = 0

Last, let’s check our answers

First Equation

5x + y = 10

5(2) + 0 = 10

10 + 0 = 10

10 = 10 TRUE

Second Equation

3x – y = 6

3(2) – 0 = 6

6 – 0 = 6

6 = 6 TRUE {(2,0)}

4. 4x + y = 14

2x – y = 4

Let’s use the second equation to

solve for “y”

y = 2x – 4

Now, let’s plug this to the first

equation

4x + (2x – 4) = 14

Then, let’s solve.

4x + (2x – 4) = 14

4x + 2x – 4 = 14

6x – 4 = 14

6x = 14 + 4

6x = 18

6 6

x = 3

Now, let’s plug the “x” to the

second equation to find the

value of “y”

2x – y = 4

2(3) – y = 4

6 – y = 4

– y = 4 – 6

– y = -2

y = 2

Last, let’s check our answers

First Equation

4x + y = 14

4(3) + 2= 14

12 + 2 = 14

14 = 14 TRUE

Second Equation

2x – y = 4

2(3) – 2 = 4

6 – 2 = 4

4 = 4 TRUE {(3,2)}

SOLVING SYSTEMS OF

LINEAR EQUATION BY

ELIMINATION METHOD

ELIMINATION

METHOD

It is a method of solving

systems of linear

equations by eliminating

one variable by addition or

subtraction.

Steps on solving SLE by substitution:

Eliminate one of the variables, either “x” or “y”.

They should have the same constant, and

variable but different signs. If they have the

same constant, variable and sign, change the

signs of one of the equations.

Next, add or subtract the remaining variable and

the constant.

Add if the variables have the same constant but

different signs, or there are no changes made.

Subtract if the sign of one of the variables have been

changed.

Then, solve or simplify.

After, plug the answer to one of the equations

and solve it.

Lastly, check your answer and find the point of

intersection.

EXAMPLES (ADDITION):

1. x + y = 5

x – y = -1

Let’s eliminate the variable “y” since

they have the same variable and

different signs (use addition)

(2x = 4) 1/2

x = 2

Then, let’s plug in the

value of “x” to find the

value of “y” (use equation

one or two)

x + y = 5

2 + y = 5

y = 5 – 2

y = 3

Last, let’s check our answers

First Equation

x + y = 5

2 + 3 = 5

5 = 5 TRUE

Second Equation

x – y = -1

2 – 3 = -1

-1 = -1 TRUE {(2,3)}

2. 3x + y = 10

2x – y = 0

Let’s eliminate the variable “y”

since they have the same

variable and different signs

(5x = 10) 1/5

x = 2

Then, let’s plug in the value of

“x” to find the value of “y”

(use equation one or two)

3x + y = 10

3(2) + y = 10

6 + y = 10

y = 10 - 6

y = 4

Last, let’s check our answers

First Equation

3x + y = 10

3(2) + 4= 10

6 + 4 = 10

10 = 10 TRUE

Second Equation

2x – y = 0

2(2) – 4 = 0

4 – 4 = 0

0 = 0 TRUE {(2,4)}

EXAMPLES (SUBTRACTION):

1. x + y = 5

2x + y = 7

Let’s change the sign of the variable

“y” so we can eliminate them

(since we change the sign we will

use subtraction)

-x = -2

x = 2

Then, let’s plug in the value of

“x” to find the value of “y”

(use equation one or two)

x + y = 5

(2) + y = 5

2 + y = 5

y = 5 – 2

y = 3

Last, let’s check our answers

First Equation

x + y = 5

2 + 3 = 5

5 = 5 TRUE

Second Equation

2x + y = 7

2(2) + 3 = 7

4 + 3 = 7

7 = 7 TRUE {(2,3)}

2. 3x + y = 10

2x + y = 8

Let’s change the sign of the

variable “y” so we can eliminate

them (since we change the sign

we will use subtraction)

x = 2

Then, let’s plug in the value of

“x” to find the value of “y”

(use equation one or two)

3x + y = 10

3(2) + y = 10

6 + y = 10

y = 10 – 6

y = 4

Last, let’s check our answers

First Equation

3x + y = 10

3(2) + 4 = 10

6 + 4 = 10

10 = 10 TRUE

Second Equation

2x + y = 8

2(2) + 4 = 8

4 + 4 = 8

8 = 8 TRUE {(2,4)}

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