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ELECTRIC POWER

DEVELOPMENT CO.
Lessons learnt from Selected Projects
to Promote Transfer of Mitigation
Technologies
Asia and the pacific Regional Workshop on Transfer
of Technology as referred to Decision 4/CP.4
17th January 2000
Tadahisa Miyasaka
Electric Power Development CO.,Ltd

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DEVELOPMENT CO.
Efforts to Reduce CO2 emission (1)
SUPPLY SIDE
Increased use of
nonfossile energies
Optimal Configuration of
power sources
Development of Natural
energy sources
Efficiency improvement of
thermal power generation
Increased efficiency of
supply-side facilities
Increasing nuclear share
Geothermal, Photoboltaic,wind
Combined cycle generation and
Efficiency improvement of
Thermal generation
Reduction of transmission
& distribution loss
High Voltage transmission
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DEVELOPMENT CO.
Efforts to Reduce CO2 emission (2)
DEMAND SIDE
Energy
Conservation
PR activities aimed at
energy conservation
Development and diffusion
of highly efficient and
energy-saving appliances
Enhanced utilization of
untapped energy sources
Heat recovery from river water,
waste incineration facilities
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4
Activities concerning power sector
supported by NEDO in 1998
Totally 37 projects among 9 countries
20 Power sector projects included
Natural gas pipeline system optimization in Russia
PCF power plants reconstruction to natural gas in Russia
Power plants reconstruction to gas combined cycle system
in Russia and Poland
PCF power plants renovation and reconstruction in Russia
Gas-fired power plants reconstruction to combined cycle
system in Russia and Myanmar
PCF power plants renovation and reconstruction in Russia
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Projects
Feasibility Studies for CO2 Reduction
from coal-fired thermal power plants in
Russia.

Feasibility Studies for CO2 Reduction
from coal-fired thermal Power Plants in
China.
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DEVELOPMENT CO.
Finding the most economical and effective measure
to reduce CO2 emission from coal-fired power
plants.
Considering electric power system and energy
demand and supply structure.
Finding promising projects related to coal-fired
power stations which are appropriate for Joint
Implementation between Russia and Japan in the
future
Finding a feasible program to be carried out
through Japans CDM with China.
Purpose
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DEVELOPMENT CO.
Issues to be studied in Russia.
[1] General Study of profile of object country.
[2] Macro analysis of power system in the Far
Eastern regions of Russia and Siberia.
[3] Case Studies for 9 individual coal-fired
thermal Power stations.

ELECTRIC POWER
DEVELOPMENT CO.
Issues to be studied in China.
[1] General Study of profile of object country.
[2] General Study of existing 300MW coal-
fired power plant units.
[3] On Site Study of 3 PCF power plants.
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DEVELOPMENT CO.
[2] Macro analysis of Power System in the
Far Eastern Regions of Russia and Siberia

Identify the cost cost effectiveness.
Macro analysis of the power-system has
been carried out to study the effect of the CO2
emission reduction projects targeting all coal-
fired thermal power plants connected to the
grid.
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DEVELOPMENT CO.
[2] Prospective Power Stations
For Case Studies.
Far Eastern Regions
Amrusk CCP-1
Khabalovsk CCP-1
Blgagove-schensk CCP
Partizansk CCP
Siberian Region
Irkutsk CCP-6
Krasnoyarsk CCP-1
Novo-Kemerovo CCP
Irkutsk CCP-10
Irkutsk CCP-11
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DEVELOPMENT CO.
[3] Case Studies for
9 Individual Coal-fired Thermal Power Stations
Serving as preliminary F.S. for 9 power
stations to be considered as candidate for
promising project(s) for future Joint
Implementation.
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[3] Case Studies for 9 Individual Coal-fired
Thermal Power Stations
Study through site-visit and questionnaire
(1) Dorogobuzh PS
(2) Reftinskaya
(3) Troitskaya
(4) Novo-Irkutsk
(5) Petropavlovsk Kamchatsky
Study through questionaire
(6) Cherepetskaya
(7) Ulan-ude
(8) Verkhnetagilska
(9) Bogoslovskaya
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[3]Efficiency Improvement Measures
Replace
- Replace-1; Replace coal-fired plants to GTCC plants.
- Replace-2; Replace units to USC-PCF.
Convert
-Convert ;Convert the boilers to use natural gas.
Evaluation of cost effectiveness was done by 30yeras on replace and
15years on covert.

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[3] Prospective power plants for F.S.
reduction amount & method cost effective
order
Dorogobuzh replace-1
(coal & gas) 658.4kt-co2/y 3rd
Troitsk replace-1 & convert
(coal) 6,535kt-co2/y 1st
Cherepet replace-1 & 2
(coal) 4,834kt-co2/y 2nd
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DEVELOPMENT CO.
[2] General Study of Existing 300MW
Coal-fired Power Plant Units.
100 300MW class coal-fired power plants.
(20% of coal-fired power plants.)
(1) 75% are made of China.
(2) Low thermal efficiency and fall short of
designed performance.
(3) Reliability of plant facilities are low.
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[3] On Site Study of 3 PCF Power Plants.
Zhouxian (300MWShandong province)
Louhe(300MW2Anhui province)
Yaomeng (300MW2Henan province)
1)Poor boiler efficiency and boiler outlet gass temp is high.
2)Plants stop frequently due to boiler tube leak at water wall.
3)Poor turbine efficiency and vacuum condition of condenser.
4)Turbine casings have caused thermal strain deformation.
5)Only within 100-80% lord change of boilers.
6)Manual operation of lord change,start-up and shut down.
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Boiler facilities
-Modification; water walls,combustion equip,air heater
-Use of; gas re-circulation system,soot blower
-Increase the area of ECO and decrease the area of RH.
Turbine facilities
-Replacement; HP turbines,IP turbines,bearings,coupling
bolts and nuts
-Improving; vacuum condition in the condensers

[3] Efficiency Improvement Measures.
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DEVELOPMENT CO.
CO2 Emission Reduction Effect(1)
Project plan was suggested.
Implementation of upgrading 10 300MW made-in-China
power units by the year 2010.
The CO2 reduction effect and cost-
effectiveness of the project has been
examined.
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DEVELOPMENT CO.
184,000t-co2/y at 2010(improve 4% thermal efficiency of plants)
(=co2 emission from one 300MW unit for a whole year)

CO2 Emission Reduction Effect(2)
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DEVELOPMENT CO.
Technical Findings
Many promising projects for AIJ,CDM
schemes in Russia and China.
Thermal Efficiency upgrading achieve not
only CO2 reduction but also produce
another benefit (reduction of other pollutants and fuel
consumption etc).
To move next stage, further detailed study
is needed.
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DEVELOPMENT CO.
Findings in Financing-1
Good financing schemes are necessary.
-Japanese official funding
ex,JBIC ; ODA, S/C,B/C,B/L,untied loan, OIC
-Private funding
ex,ROT, ROO
-International funding
ex,IBRD, IFC, EBRD

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Findings in Financing-2
Risk hedging
High risk for commercial base.
Governmental guarantee for financing.
Low interest schemes for financing.