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Training ELK-14
252kV GIS
Contents
SF
6
Properties
Advantages of GIS
ABB GIS Products
ELK-14
GIS Operation
GIS Maintenance

Sulphur hexafluoride SF
6

The properties
Inert, non-toxic
Electro-negative (electron-capturing)
Six times heavier than air
Global Warming
SF
6
as Quenching Medium
Ionization temperature of SF
6
is lower than
air
In SF
6
the radial temperature gradient in the
arc is very steep
Excellent arc quenching property
Low arc diameter
Low arc temperature
Only very small gas blast needed
Radial temperature profile in electric
arcs
SF
6
as Insulating Medium

Pressurized at 300 kPa (3 bar) SF
6

insulates better than oil
Pressurized at 400 kPa (4 bar) SF
6

insulates 6 times better than air at
normal pressure
In SF
6
the GIS field configurations are
homogenous

Ball-plate-arrangement, 50 Hz ac
12.5 mm ball, 12.5 mm distance
HV - GIS: The compact substation solution
Advantages:

Reduced Space
System planning with high flexibility
Best for novel, creative solutions
More sites available
Power distribution on HV level
Reduced transmission losses
Fully metal-enclosed, safe
Prefabricated, factory-tested units
Fast installation

ABB GIS product portfolio
Encapsulation
Reted voltage(kV)
Rated power frequency
withstand voltage (kV)
Rated lighting impulse
withstand voltage (kV)
Rated current (A)
Rated breaking
current (kA)
Three-phase
170 550
325 740
750 1550
3150 4000
50 63 40
145
275
650
2500
800
960
2100
5000
50
GIS-Type ELK-0 ELK-3 ELK-04 ELK-4
300
460
1050
4000
63
ELK-14/300 ELK-14/252
252
460
1050
3150
50
Three-phase
Three-phase with
single-phase
Single-phase Single-phase Single-phase
ABB GIS Focus Factories In Europe
ABB Factory Hanau-Groauheim
Scope of activities:
Development, Manufacturing,
Engineering and Sales Support

Output:
GIS up to 170kV

ABB Factory Oerlikon-Zrich
Scope of activities:
Development, Manufacturing,
Engineering and Sales Support

Output:
GIS from 170kV
up to 550kV

Another ABB GIS Focus Factory In Xiamen, China
ABB Factory Xiamen, China
( Founded In 1999 with current
production of 1,000 bays / year.)

Scope of activities:
Development, Manufacturing,
Engineering and Sales Support

Output : GIS up to 550kV
ELK-14 / 252kV

CB & Operating Mechanism
Disconnector & Earthing Switch
CT & VT
Connecting Elements
Local Control Cubicle
Modules:
Circuit Breaker (50 kA)
ELK-14 CB Operating Mechanism - HMB4
ELK-14 CB Operating Mechanism - HMB4
Advantages of HMB-4

Long service life and high reliability
Less maintenance and minimum wear
Easy checking and inspection
Low noise level
No external piping, reduced chances of oil leak
Extremely compact design
Flexibility of use
In comparison with spiral springs:
Disk springs have much higher mechanical
strength
Higher energy storage density
No ageing of mechanical characteristics during
service
Flat F-S characteristic, more suitable for
switching operations of CB


Force
Stroke
Characteristic of
spiral spring
Characteristic of
disc spring
Energy
CB Mechanism HMB
Integrated Current Transformer
Voltage Transformer
Combined Disconnecting and Earthing Switch
Fast Acting Earthing Switch
Three pole operated (one drive)
Most compact 3-phase design
Spring remains uncharged after close-operation
Density Monitor
Functional diagram
SF
6
Gas Monitoring
CB
Other Compartments
Filling Pressure
Alarm Pressure
Blocking Pressure
220 kV GIS Engro Energy Power Plant
D:\Pakistan Engro Qadirpur 220kV drawings\Primary drawing\01 Single line &
Diagram\Single line & Diagram_1HZ0000004_B gas diagram (1).pdf
GIS Operation
Local inspection in GIS
room
Alarm annunciation
Gas density monitor
LOGO
Hydraulic pump counter
of CB drive
Counter of CB
Oil level in CB drive
Local Control Cubicle (LCC)
1. Alarm annunciator
2. Local/Remote control
3. LOGO
4. Interlocking/release switch
5. Push button
6. Position indicator

1
2
3
6
5
4
Alarm Annunciator
Interlocking/Release Switch
Using this switch to release the interlocking condition one must be very
CAREFUL.
After energizing please put the Interlock/Release and Local/Remote control
key in safe place by authorized person.
Manual operation of Disconnector and Earthing switch-ELK-14
Adjust position
Insert crank
1. Interlocking magnet in each DES
2. Crank opening
3. padlock
1 2 3
Manual operation of Fasting Earthing Switch
1. Padlock
2. Crank opening
3. Interlocking magnet
Manual operation of Disconnector and Earthing switch-ELK-14
Any question, Please see operation manual for more
detail description.
ABB GIS maintenance plan

Daily inspection
First time after 1 year
Second time after 5 year
Third time after 8 year
Overhaul based on its health
condition
Maintenance
Maintenance-first time
After one years operation
Gas pressure
Local Control Cabinet
Manual operation of DES,FES
Visual inspection of CB drives
Maintenance-second time
After 5 year
Check the gas pressure
Dew point testing
Local Control Cabinet
Remote control
Insulation of the secondary control cable
Manual operation of DES,FES
Visual inspection of mechanism
CB characteristic
Primary DC resistance
Maintenance-third time
After 8 year
Check the gas pressure
Check the density monitor
Dew point testing
Local Control Cabinet
Remote control, check the remote signal and
protection
Insulation of the secondary control cable
Manual operation of DES,FES
Visual inspection of mechanism
CB characteristic
Primary DC resistance
Check the earthing
High voltage testing optional
Overhaul
Overhaul is based on health condition of
GIS
CB: Short circuit current(50KA) 10 times
or normal operation more than 5000 times
Inner fault flashover abnormal voice
Gas leakage that can not be solved
unless disassembly;
Other reasons
Finding and dealing with usual problems
1. Low SF6 pressure


Low SF6 pressure alarm/density monitor
Report to ABB and fill SF6;
Seek for leakage position
Solved by ABB
2. Loss of hydraulic oil inside CB drive
Oil level indicator (glass window).
Report to ABB
Seek for leakage position
Solved by ABB (if serious, maybe need power off)
3. Others
ABB will provide professional support when you need
and Please contact with ABB as soon as possible
Gas Tightness and Moisture Test


Gas leak Seeker




Dew Point Test Instrument

SF
6
Gas Refilling Device
1. VK/F-02/20 Coupling Tongue Part DN20
2. VK/F-02/8 Coupling Tongue Part DN8
Kind advice
For any maintenance work inside the
enclosure of GIS, please contact
ABB as all work should be under
ABBs supervision
Power and Productivity for a better
World