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Presented by:
Hadi Pasito
Nopi Rianti Suryani

Conservation of forest genetic resources is
an activity that supports of breeding strategy,
it is also related to global biodiversity
conservation strategy to save germplasm
already scarce or threatened with extinction,
in order to maintain its sustainability in the
1. In-situ conservation
2. Ex-situ conservation
Conservation / preservation of genetic
resources is done in the environment /
natural habitat, that is:
a. Sanctuary
b. Game reserve
c. National Parks
d. Natural tourism Parks
a. Sanctuary
Nature Reserve Area because of its natural state has
distinctiveness of plants, animals and ecosystems need
to be protected and development occurs naturally.
Examples: CA Telaga Warna Cianjur
b. Game reserve
Nature Reserve Area that have a characteristic form of
the diversity and uniqueness of the wildlife species for
survival which requires the protection and coaching of
the population and its habitat. Examples: Ujung Kulon
Wildlife Refuge Banten.

c. National Parks
Nature conservation area which has a native
ecosystem, managed by the zoning system is
utilized for the purpose of research, science,
education, tourism and outdoor recreation. For
example: the National Park of Mount Gede
d. Natural tourism Parks
Nature conservation area which is used primarily for
the benefit of nature tourism and recreation.
Examples: Natural Park of Mount Tangkuban
Conservation of plants and animals that are
performed outside their natural habitat.
Which includes ex-situ conservation, that is:
a. The botanical gardens
b. Wildlife rehabilitation centers
c. Animal rescue center
d. Herbarium
e. Specific plant garden
f. Germplasm garden
g. Nature conservation area

a. The botanical gardens
The botanical gardens is the location of a
particular maintenance of various types of
plants, to utilized as a means of education,
research and biotechnology development,
recreation and culture.
b. Wildlife rehabilitation centers
Place to perform the rehabilitation
process, animal adaptation and
reintroduction into their natural habitats.
c. Animal rescue center
Place to perfom maintenance activities animals
confiscated or findings or delivery of temporary
management community before the
establishment of the distribution of animals
(animal disposal) further by the Government.
d. Herbarium
Place a collection of various specimens of
plants in the dead for purposes of education and

e. Specific plant garden
Site maintenance certain species of wild plants
for the benefit as a source of genetic reserves,
education, aquaculture, biotechnology research
and development.
f. Germplasm garden
Garden to collect good development of
germplasm. Example : IRRI (International Rice
Institute) located in Los Banos, Philippines with
a collection of rice plants.
g. Nature conservation area for the purpose of
collection of plants or animals and natural or
not natural, native species and native or not,
which is utilized for research, science,
education, tourism and recreation. Examples:
Forest Park Ir. H. Juanda Bandung

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