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Presentation

1

Application of Statistical Tools in

2

Prepared For

3

Lubna Rahman

Lecturer

Department of Finance

University of Dhaka

Prepared By

Name

Roll

Shahanaz Parvin 16-117

Taioba Islam 16-251

S.M. Nazrul Islam 16-107

Md.Abu Daud 16-099

Md. Milan Hossain 16-019

Mohammad Marjan 16-261

I am..

5

MOHAMMAD MARJAN

16-261

Areas to Focus on

6

Definition of statistics

Types of Statistics

Statistical Data

Statistical Tools

Case Study

Application of Statistical Tools

What is Statistics?

7

The term statistics

Simply means data.

It is the science of collecting, organizing, presenting,

analyzing &interpreting data to assist in making more

effective decisions.

It is a process of analyzing a sample based on

which characterizes of a parameter can be identified.

Types of Statistics

8

Two types-

Descriptive

Inferential

Method of organizing, summarizing,

& presenting data in an informative way

Method to estimate a property of a

population on the basis of a sample

a sample

I am..

9

TAIOBA ISLAM

16-251

Statistical Data

Data are the facts and figures collected, summarized, analyzed, and

interpreted.

Population:

The amount of data collected from each & every target party.

Sample:

Sample is a representative part of the population.

10

Classification of Data

11

Data

Quantitative

Numerical

Qualitative

Non-numerical Numerical

Statistical Tools

12

Mean

Median

Mode

Slandered Deviation

Coefficient of Variation

Correlation

Regression Analysis

Statistical Tools Contd

Mean:

The mean of a data set is the average of all the data values.

Median:

The median of a data set is the value in the middle when the data items

are arranged in ascending order.

Standard Deviation:

It is a measure of how much spread or variability is present in the sample.

13

I am..

14

MD. MILAN HOSSAIN

16-019

Case Study on-

Began its journey in 1851.

E entry through the establishment of the

Singer Sewing machine

Singer Bangladesh

Ltd

A subsidiary of British American Tobacco,

based in London.

It is one of the oldest and largest multinational

companies operating in Bangladesh.

British American

Tobacco

Bangladesh Company

Leading shoe retailers in our country.

Was founded in 1894 by Tomas Bata

B ATA Shoe

Bangladesh Ltd:

15

Current Assets Analysis

16 0

500000000

1E+09

1.5E+09

2E+09

2.5E+09

2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Current Assets Analysis Singer (X)

Current Assets Analysis BATBC (Y)

Current Assets Analysis

Year Singer (X) BATBC (Y)

2006 1314926287 67546964

2007 1364282367 673783245

2008 1873806868 676467480

2009 2131239364 673260852

2010 1388597492 668461522

n=5 8072852378 3367460063

Current Assets Analysis Contd

Com p any M ean

M edian Standered

Dev ision

Cof f icient

o f

V ariyion

Singer 161457 0

475 .6

1 3 885 9 7

4 9 2

3 6 6 6 2

13 9 9

2 2 . 7 0

7 %

BATBC 6 7 3 4 9

2 0 1 2 . 6

6 7 3 2 6 0

8 5 2

3 0 9 3 4 3

2. .55 9

4 5 . 9 %

17

Evaluation:

Over all Singer has far more current asset than BATBC. But the amount

fluctuates highly in case of Singer than that of BATBC.

8.98E+16 3.83E+18

6.26E+21 8.48E+15

6.72E+21 8.85E+17

2.67E+22 5.34E+17

5.11E+21 2.53E+18

5.38E+21 3.83E+18

X X Y Y

I am..

18

MD. ABU DAUD

16-099

Equity Analysis

19

0

100000000

200000000

300000000

400000000

500000000

600000000

700000000

800000000

900000000

1E+09

2006 2007 2008 2009

Equity analysis Singer(X)

Equity analysis BATBC(Y)

Equity analysis

Year (n) Singer(X) BATBC(Y)

2006 336103088 320593350

2007 329341913 319812885

2008 372987641 327927749

2009 885987077 342714360

2010 1080830466 359966920

Equity Analysis (Contd)

Company Mean

Median

Standard

Deviation

Coefficient

o f

Variation

Singer

6 0 1 0 5 0

0 3 7

3 7 2 9 8

7 6 4

35 61 6 4

6 38..9

5 9 . 2 6

%

BATBC

33 4 2 0

3 0 5 2..8

3 2 7 9 2

7 7 4 9

17 0 8 7 2

7 5.5

51.13 %

20

Evaluation:

Singer has far more equity than that of BATBC but the equity of Singer

changes very much over years which is not seen as much for BATBC.

7.02E+16 1.85E+14

7.38E+16 2.07E+13

5.20E+16 3.74E+14

8.12E+16 7.24E+13

2.30E+17 6.64E+14

5.07E+17 1.32E+15

X X Y Y

I am..

21

SHAHANAZ PARVIN

16-117

Correlation

Measure the association

between two variables.

Coefficient of correlation: A

measure of the strength of

the relationship between two

variables

Revenue & Tax (Bata shoe

Bangladesh Ltd)

X= independent variable

(revenue).

Y = dependent variable (tax)

22

Any relationship between the revenue and tax payment

of Bata shoe Bangladesh Ltd.

Correlation (Contd)

Year

Revenue(X)

(Bata Shoe

BD Ltd)

Tax(Y)

2010 5,663,090,394 199,000,000

2009 5,141,034,678 180,286,000

2008 4,623,312,077 170,219,000

2007 4,097,182,283 160,823,000

2006 3,605,567,170 150,137,000

23

0

50,000,000

100,000,000

150,000,000

200,000,000

250,000,000

0 2,000,000,000 4,000,000,000 6,000,000,000

Revenue

Correlation

Tax(Y)

Coefficient of correlation:

= 0.989672291

High degree of positive

relationship between these two

variables.

If revenue increases, tax increases

and if revenue decreases, tax

decreases.

Characteristics of the coefficient of

correlation:

It can range from -1.00 to 1.00.

Values of -1.00 or 1.00 indicate perfect

and strong correlation.

Values close to 0.0 indicate weak

correlation.

Negative values indicate an inverse

relationship and positive values indicate a

direct relationship.

24

2 2

Y Y X X

Y Y X X

r

Correlation (Contd)

The proportion of the total

variation in the dependent

variable that is explained

by the variation in the

independent variable.

25

Coefficient of Determination (r

2

):

0.979451243 = 98%

Here 98% variability in the dependent

variable Y (tax) can be explained by

independent variable X (revenue).

Correlation (Contd)

I am..

26

S.M. NAZRUL ISLAM

16-107

Regression analysis: An equation

that expresses the linear

relationship between two variables .

Estimates the unknown values of

one variable from known values of

another variable.

Measures the degree of correlation

that exists between the two

variables.

The average relationship between

X and Y can be described by a

linear equation Y=a + bX

27

a

0

X

b

1 unit X

Regression Analysis

The Standard Error of Estimate: Measures the scatter, or dispersion, of the

observed values around the line of regression

Y = a + bx express the change in Y in terms of change in X.

b= Coefficient of regression /slope of regression line

a= constant

28

2

) (

2

^

.

n

Y Y

s

x y

Regression Analysis (Contd)

=0.022727144

a = - b =66956383.8

So, the equation is, Y=66956383.8+0.022727144X

If revenue(X) increases by 1 core, tax (Y) will

increases by 0.022727144 core. If the value of

revenue is zero, the amount of tax will be

66956383.8

Error, e

i

= 21631016.39

r

2

= 98% ,as it is not 100%, there is some error.

29

2 ) ( X X

Y Y X X

b

X

Y

Regression Analysis (Contd)

Point by point slope calculation:

average slope= 0.023721688, but b = 0.022727144

There are some other variables that can explain the variation in y

which have been skipped.

30

Regression Analysis

(Contd)

Any Quarry

For Being with Us

32

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