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BUMA

Mine Planning Concept


Equipment operation/
production Parameters.
Design Criteria
Scheduling Methodologies.
BUMA
EQUIPMENT OPERATION/
PRODUCTION PARAMETERS
Operation Parameters
Production Parameters
BUMA
EQUIPMENT OPERATION
PARAMETERS
A. STANDARD PARAMETER UNTUK AREA LOADING
Description
EXCAVATOR TYPE
Backhoe Shovel
PC - 400
PC-1250; EX-1200;
RH-40
EX-2500 ;
RH-120
PC-1250; EX-1200; RH-40
EX-2500 ;
RH-120
D450/500
Cat 345 B
Dump Truck
17 - 30 T BMA HD-465 CAT 777 CAT 777 BMA HD-465 CAT 777 CAT 777
BMA-35 HD-785 HD-785 HD-785 HD-785
Tinggi Jenjang Maximum 3 3 4.05 4.5 5 6 6 6 9
(m) Optimum 1.5 - 2 2.5 2.5 - 3 3.5 4 4 4 5 7 - 8
Lebar Area Kerja
25 25 33 40 40 25 33 40 40
Minimum (m)
Note :
1. Lebar jenjang kerja Ideal = Turning circle dump truck + ( 2 x lebar bodi )
2. Tinggi Jenjang = panjang "Stick arm" excavator



HD785 HD465 BMA
TURNING RADIUS MIN (M) 28.40 23.80 18.80
LEBAR BODI (M) 6.10 5.08 3.50
BUMA
EQUIPMENT PRODUCTION
PARAMETERS
EQUIPMENT
Truck Type HD785777D HD785/777 D HD785/777 D HD465 HD465
Bucket Capacity - q2 (BCM) 38 38 38 23 23
40 40 40 40 40
5 5 5 5 5
Cycle Time- CT MAX 24 24 22 22 20
MIN
30 30 28 28 25
E (%) MAX 83.0% 83.0% 83.0% 83.0% 83.0%
MIN
75.0% 75.0% 75.0% 75.0% 75.0%
Q (BCM/JAM) MAX 1,300 1,100 700 600 500
MIN 1,010 850 480 460 330
EX2500 PC2000 PC1250 PC1250 PC400
First Bucket CT - FB
Hauler Exchange - HE
Q= (q2 x (60xE))/((HE+FB + ((q2/(q1Xsf))-1)xCT)/60)
Q = Produksi per jam
q2 = Bucket Capacity Heap in BCM
FB = First Bucket Cycle time (dtk)
CT = Load Time (dtk)
E= Efficiency kerja (MENIT PER JAM dalam %)
BUMA
EQUIPMENT OPERATION/
PRODUCTION PARAMETERS
Support Equipment : PC200, Dozer, Wheel
Dozer and Grader, see Performance Hand
book KOMATSU and CATERPILLAR.
Ancillaries Equipment: Pump etc, see EOM
Spec.
BUMA
Design Criteria
PIT.
ROAD.
DISPOSAL/Stockpile .
SUMP, Drainage.
Drill/Blast Design.
BUMA
Design Criteria- PIT
Mine Engineering Concept of Pit Slope design objectives:
Economically to maximize reserve extraction with reasonable
probability of slope may fail.
Mine Geotechnical Advance Concept (metal mining):
Maximize slope angles while managing impact on stability by:
1. Maintenance of Stability.
2. Preventing failures that will effect over all operation.
3. Assessment of Risk vs Benefit.
Slope design criteria: Stable and safe while working closed to
wall (operation).
BUMA
Design Criteria- PIT
Slope Design Parameters:
1. Probability of failure and failure mode.
2. Over All slope angle.
3. Total bench height and single bench height.
4. Single slope angle (Bench face angle).
5. Catch bench width.
BUMA
Typical pit design geometry
BENCH
BERM
Single SLOPE
BERM
ULTIMATE PIT SLOPE
(OVERALL SLOPE)
Catch BENCH
CROSS FALL
SUMP
BUMA
Design Criteria- PIT
RL420
RL405
RL390
RL375
Crest 405
Toe 405
Crest 390
Crest 375
Toe 390
Toe 375
BUMA
Design Criteria-Road
B. STANDAR PARAMETER : "ROAD DESIGN GEOMETRY & TRAFFICABILITY"
No Description Unit
STANDAR PARAMETER
KETERANGAN
Coal Hauling Roa Pit Mining Road
1 Design Speed Km/Hr 70 60
2 Lebar Jalan m Min. 3,5 L Min. 3,5 L L = Lebar Kendaraan terbesar
3 Grade Jalan % Max. 3 % Maks. 8%
4 Horizontal Curve Radius m Min. 50 m Min. 50 m Curve S-C-S
5 Super Elevasi m Max. 4 % Maks. 5% Tikungan
6 Cross Fall % Max.2%, Shouder 4-8% Maks. 5%, Shouder 4-8 % Badan Jalan
7 Sight Distance m Min.200 m Min. 80 m Jarak Pandang (Clear area)
8 Drainage % Min. Slope 1% Min. Slope 1% Kemiringan parit drainase
9 Kemiringan slope (cut) % 60% 60%-70%
10 Tinggi Jenjang m Maks. 10 m Maks. 6 m
11 Kemiringan slope (fill) % 45% 60%
12 Safety Berm m Min. 2/3 D Min. 2/3 D D = Tinggi ban
Note :
1. Sight Distance, yaitu : jarak pandang yang dibutuhkan oleh kendaraan untuk berhenti atau menyalip/menyiap
2. Jarak pandang minimal adalah jarak pandangn henti (Stopped distance)
3. Stopped Distance, yaitu : tergantung kec. Rencana jalan.
4. Shouder adalah : bahu jalan
BUMA
Design Criteria-Road
Jalan di Pit



Jalan Utama

C
C
BUMA

Jarak pandang henti yang
diperlukan
Jarak pandang
Penghalang
Lengkung vertikal
Jarak pandang
Jarak pandang menyiap yang
diperlukan
Garis pandang
Jarak Pandang
Bebas pandangan &
sebagai tanggul
Jarak pandang henti yang
diperlukan
Jarak pandang
Penghalang
Lengkung
vertikal
Jarak pandang
Jarak pandang menyiap yang
diperlukan
Permukaan Horizontal
penghalang
Jarak
Pandang
Garis
Pandang
DIAGRAM JARAK PANDANG
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BUMA
Design Criteria-Road
Tingkat Superelevasi Dalam Meter/ Meter untuk Kecepatan Kendaraan dan Radius Kurva Tertentu
Radius
(mtr)
Kecepatan Kendaraan (Km/Jam)
20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55
50 m 6% 10% - - - - - -
75 m 4% 7% 9% - - - - -
100 m 3% 5% 7% 10% - - - -
200 m 2% 3% 4% 5% 6% 6% - -
300 m 2% 2% 2% 3% 4% 5% 7% 8%
400 m 2% 2% 2% 3% 3% 4% 5% 6%
BUMA
DISPOSAL/Stockpile .
C. STANDAR PARAMETER UNTUK "WASTE - DUMP / DISPOSAL"
No Description
Uni
t
STANDAR PARAMETER KETERANGAN
1 Lebar Disposal m 2X(Lebar terbesar + turn./radius) x Nload Nload = Jumlah Tip head
2 Lift per layer m First lift 5m, and 10m next lift. Slope over all 2:1
3 Kemiringan permukaan % Maks. 2 % arah ke face
4 Ramp Gradient % 8%
5 Lebar Acces Road m 3.5 L L = Lebar unit terbesar
6 Dozing % Maks. 30% toal material Maks. Jumlah 2 unit
7 Dump-Bund Wall m 2/3/ x T T = tinggi ban
BUMA
DISPOSAL/Stockpile .
Final Crest dumping 310
Dumping RL310
Final Toe dumping 310
Crest dumping 285
Toe dumping 285
Dumping RL285
Dumping RL270
BUMA
SUMP & Drainage.
SUMP definition/objectives:
Collecting point of in pit surface run off from in pit
catchments area.
Placing at the lowest point of in the pit based on
period of one cycle of rain season.
Sump size = Quantity of surface run off - Capacity of
1 day continuous pumping - free board (1-2m).
Control Box= Lowest point in the sump for placing
suction hose cage and sediment containment.
BUMA
SUMP & Drainage.
In pit Drainage : Collecting and conveying surface
run off to the sump/temp sump.
Gradient = +3%, less than 1% sedimentation,
greater than 5% erosion.
Located: Along road side, along toe of working
bench.
Size and structure: Depend on volume and velocity
of water.
Design life time based on rain storm cycle.
BUMA
SUMP & Drainage.
Out pit drainage (fresh water): Collecting and
conveying jungle surface run off from
entering pit/working area.
Out pit drainage (impacted water): Collecting
and conveying impacted water from active
working area into settling pond.
BUMA
Drill/Blast Design.
Objective design :
- Loosening enough material for maximum dig ability.
- Inventory of material to be mine.
- Vertical advancement of pit development.
- Minimize instability of pit wall.
BUMA
MINING TERMINOLOGY
SPACING
BENCH HEIGHT > 2 X B max
BENCH
HEIGHT
COLUMN
CHARGE
TOTAL
CHARGE
HOLE
DEPTH
BURDEN
a
SUB DRILLING
GEOMETRI PELEDAKAN
MENURUT : R.L. ASH
STEMMING
BOTTOM
CHARGE
BUMA
SCHEDULING METHODOLOGIES
Objectives:
To maximize net present value of
extraction of mining commodity.
To achieve estate of mining.
BUMA
SCHEDULING METHODOLOGIES
HOW:
STRIPS = Opening size for activity Loading/Hauling
and drilling blasting for inventory as required. Strips
in strike direction of coal reserves.
BLOCKS = Length of strip for one bench height at
predetermined gradient of road at strike direction.
Blocks in dip direction of coal reserves.
ELEVATION = Vertical distance from surface
topography to coal reserve, base on bench height
definition (0 elevation reference).
BUMA
SCHEDULING METHODOLOGIES
STEP#1: Define first area to be mine out for starting
in pit dump.
Define minimum vertical distance between topography and
bottom of coal seam.
Starting point at bottom of coal seam define top of entry point at
topography surface.
Design and construct ramp from surface to bottom of coal seam
to direction of disposal location.
Define volume of block to be mine out first from top of ramp to
bottom of ramp.
Define ex pit disposal size base on LCM volume of block first
mine out.

BUMA
SCHEDULING METHODOLOGIES
STEP#2: Define scheduling rule to achieve
maximum Net present Value.
Maximum Delta elevation between Block in
one strip.
Maximum Delta elevation between Strip in
one block

BUMA
SCHEDULING METHODOLOGIES
STEP#3: Generate reserve Reporting Table based
on Strips, Blocks and elevation.
Strips were off set perpendicular from high wall at
distance (wide) to accommodate Loading/Hauling
and drilling blasting.
Blocks were off set perpendicular from side wall at
distance (length) to accommodate ramp for one
bench.
Bench Elevation was set based on Pit bench
geometry.
BUMA
SCHEDULING METHODOLOGIES
STEP#4:Allocate equipment capacity per
period (weekly), based on scheduling rule to
maximize coal exposed (Using scheduler or
spreadsheet).
Start with available inventory to mine, allocate
loading and hauling equipment.
Provide inventory trough drill/blast activity to
direction of mining (Strip, block, elevation).
Reporting quantity of coal exposed per period

BUMA
SCHEDULING METHODOLOGIES
STEP#5: Digitize pit face position per period base on
scheduler/spreadsheet information.
STEP#6: Define most economic access by overlay face
position from first period to the next period.
STEP#7: Digitize disposal face position per period based on
allocated material and most economic access for truck haulage
(Haul longer or higher and when add trucks).
STEP#8:Asses in pit drainage direction to sump and out pit
drainage. Control out pit surface run off entering working face
and control in pit surface run off water level below working level
trough pumping as necessary.