Alaw Meredydd 13.

1
1
Contents
 Plan
 Introduction
 Analysis
 Conclusions
 Evaluation
 Bibliography
 Appendices
2
Plan
Why choose “Which country has the most
effective education system – Wales or Finland?”


I have chosen this topic because:

 I have strong interest in education as a career
 All three of my A level subjects combined i.e Welsh, Geography and
Mathematics (statistics), will support my findings.
 I’m interested in finding out why schools in Finland are consistently at
the top of world rankings even though the pupils have the fewest
number of class hours.
3
Plan (continued)
4
Where will I find my information?


I am going to use a wide variety of resources to collect
my information, Including:

•Information available on websites

•Books from the local library

•I will contact the Finnish National Board of Education and also contact the
Welsh Assembly

•I am going to produce a questionnaire to get a feedback from local
teachers, peers at school and also members of the general public on the
education system. I can keep a brief set of questions which are simple and
succinct. They will solve the purpose of my research at the same time not
consume much time of the targets.
Plan (continued)
5
In order to manage my time efficiently, I am going to
create a time management plan.
This will include identifying specific targets with
completion dates to enable me to finish the
investigation on time.
Plan (continued)
6
School
Organization
Curriculum
and exams
Questionnaire
on education
Funding
Compulsory
education
Teacher training
Time Management plan
Deadline date What is to be done? Was it completed by deadline – if no why?
Sept 11 • Brainstorm ideas about different
topics
•Choose top 3 topics
•Consider titles for investigation

•Choose the best topic/title to
investigate





✗ Undecided on final title/topic because of vagueness of my
choices
Oct 4 • Chose the best topic to
investigate and considered
titles/aims of investigation
✔ Am definite going to choose education. But I need to find
which country to compare with
Oct 5 •Confirm title of investigation and
the aims of what I hope to achieve
through research.
•Choose 2 suitable countries

•Research reliable sources of
information on both countries



 Yes – I have chosen Wales and Finland
 Completed all book/internet research
Deadline date What is to be done? Was it completed by deadline – if no
why?
Oct 6 • Have contacted Welsh Assembly and also
contacted Finnish National Board of
Education for more information Via Email
•Think of questionnaire ideas
 Still awaiting response




✔ Rough ideas
Oct 7 • Prepare introduction
• Why investigate
✔ Have done research using books/internet.
Still awaiting feedback.
Oct 8 • Design questionnaire

• Detailed target setting and time
management
 Partially – I have started to draft first
questionnaire
✔ I have received relevant information
from F.N.B.E. Finnish research nearly
finished.
Oct 9 • Assemble questionnaire ✔ Final draft completed. Need to have it
checked before sending out.
Oct 10 • Review Individual Investigation so far with
Ms. Ellen Williams
Time Management plan (continued)
Deadline date What is to be done? Was it completed by deadline – if no
why?
Oct 15 • Conduct questionnaire  given out to 30 people awaiting
return.
Oct 20 • Analysis of the results
• Graphs and tables

Oct 23 • Conclude analysis
• Write up research information of education
policies in Wales and Finland.


Oct 30 • Conclude investigation using all
information gathered
• Prepare PPP



Oct 31 • Bibliography/ Appendix ✔

Nov 1st • Review and present PP ✔
Time Management plan (continued)
Education
10
“Education forms the major backbone of our
society. It trains an individual, develops his
reasoning power and decision making power. A
well educated person does not depend on
anybody else for anything. He gets confidence,
knowledge and potential to acquire what he
wants. If every citizen is educated then the
country will certainly prosper in all fields.”
Background Information - Wales
11

• Wales is a constituent country in the
United Kingdom, South West of the
Island of Great Britain, sharing a land
border with England.

• Wales has an area of 8023 square
miles and a population in the region of
2.9 million people

• Official language – Welsh and English
Background Information - Finland
12

• The republic of Finland is in Northern
Europe, and is part of the European
Union, sharing a border with Sweden,
Norway, and Russia.

• Finland has an area of around 130,000
square miles and a population of 5.9
million people

•Official language – Finnish and Swedish
Comparison of Wales and Finland
 Although Wales is a smaller country by area and population
compared to Finland, I find it interesting to discover that the
standard education for Wales are much lower than in Finland
according to Pisa tests.
13
What does Pisa stand for?

 Pisa stands for ‘Programme for International Student Assessment’.


 PISA assesses how far students near the end of compulsory education at 15 years old
have acquired some of the knowledge and skills that are essential for full participation
in society.


 Reading, mathematics, science and literacy are covered not merely in terms of
mastery of the school curriculum, but in terms of important knowledge and skills
needed in adult life.


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The Pisa test
 Each student takes a two-hour handwritten test. Part of the
test is multiple-choice and part involves fuller answers. In total
there are six and a half hours of assessment material, but each
student is not tested on all the parts. Following the cognitive
test, participating students spend nearly one more hour
answering a questionnaire on their background including
learning habits, motivation and family. School directors also fill
in a questionnaire describing school demographics, funding etc.

 Wales teenagers ranked below average, alongside the Czech
Republic, in reading. Leighton Andrews called the results
"unacceptable" and said everyone involved should be "alarmed".
 Wales again ranked lowest of the UK countries and is now cast
adrift from England, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
 The latest tests, which were conducted in 2009, show the country is
now below average on all three measures and has scored worse
than before in every category.
 “Schools in Wales are simply not delivering well enough for
students at all levels of ability"
Problems of Pisa test in Wales
17
How do Wales and Finland
compare in the Pisa test?
•For Pisa 2009, 65 countries implemented the
assessment with result publish on the 7
th
of
December 2010.

• Out of 65 countries taking part, Wales was
ranked 38th for reading, 40th for mathematics
and 30th for the tests for science.

• Finland was ranked 3
rd
for reading, 6
th
for
mathematics and 2
nd
in science tests. (see
graph next slide)

“The finns were placed second in mathematics
among OECD nations and sixth among all 65
part, while in science they scored first among
OECD countries and second overall.”




2009 Pisa result
School organization
18
Finland
• Attend one school only between ages of 7-16 which avoids having
to make any transition

• 18-20 hours per week in Finland (700-760 hours annual)

• Child staff ratio is 18 : 1
School organization
19
Wales
• Attend two schools which can make transition difficult for
some pupils

• 22 ½ hours per week in Wales (4,370 hours annual)

• Child staff ratio varies in Wales but can be as high as 30 : 1
Compulsary Education
20
Finland
• When Finnish children turn 7 years old they start compulsory
primary school

• Children don’t attend school full time between 4 – 7 years old

• They stay at school until they are 16 years old

• All children start at the same level
21
Compulsary Education
Compulsary Education
22
Wales
• When Welsh children are 4 years old they start compulsory
primary school

• 4 – 7 years old playing and learning are part of the school
curricilum (foundation stage)

• They stay at school until they are 16 years old

• All children start at the same level
Teacher training
23
Finland
• Strong educational
profession. Only 10% of 5,000
applicants each year accepted
to university. All need a
Masters degree.
Wales
• Not a strong educational
profession. No limit to
graduating teachers. No need
to have Masters degree only
GCSE C grade in Mathematics
and English.
Curriculum and Exams
24
Finland
• Playing and learning are combined rather than formal teaching at the age of 7 –
11

• No tests except at the age of 17 – 19 for nationwide National Matriculation
Examination in mother tounge, foreign language, maths and social/natural
science

• Teachers make own assessment tests, not quoting numeric grades, but using
descriptive feedback

•“We believe that the description of the Finnish system is based on trust of
teachers’ competence and the system. Whether that’s a good thing or not is up
for debate.”But while teachers themselves don’t seem to pay too much attention
to the trends of Pisa – there are indications that the Pisa results are taken
seriously in the upper echelons of Finnish governance
25
Curriculum and Exams
26
Curriculum and Exams
Curriculum and Exams
27
Wales
• 7 – 11 called key stage 2 in
Wales. Children are assessed
in Mathematics, Science,
Welsh and English

• Exams in GCSE (up to 10
subjects) and A level between
2 and 5 in a variety of subjects

• Continuous national
assessments from 4 years
onwards
School funding
28
Finland
• Funding is free i.e all costs
of tuition, warm school
meals, educational material,
transportition.
Wales
• Funding provided for
school, based in pupil
numbers. Free school
meals only to those on
family income supplement
/ cost of tutition to
university has to be
provided by majority of
famillies.
Better education in finland because
change of educational steering system?
The Questionnaire
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1. Gender
Male ☐ Female ☐

2.Age
Under 15 ☐ 16-20 ☐ 21-30☐ 31-40 ☐ over 40☐

3. At what age do you think it’s beneficial for children to start full time education?
4 ☐ 7 ☐

4. Do you think children who struggle educationally should routinely receive individual support?
Yes ☐ No ☐

5. Do you think that children would achieve higher result in a relax atmosphere or in a more formal atmosphere?
Relax atmosphere ☐ Formal atmosphere ☐

6. Do you think that primary and secondary schooling should be combined?
Yes ☐ No ☐

7. Do you think that pupils should be kept in the same classroom regardless of their ability in a particular subject?
Yes ☐ No ☐

8. Do you think it’s beneficial to spend less or more hours in school?
Less ☐ More ☐

9.Do tests and exams raise standards in education?
Yes ☐ No ☐

10. Should schools plan their own curriculum?
Yes ☐ No ☐

Questionnaire answers
31
Questionnaire answers
32
Questionnaire answers
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Questionnaire answers
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Questionnaire answers
35
Questionnaire answers
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Questionnaire answers
37
Questionnaire answers
38
 Even though PISA result in Finland shows higher success rate in Maths, reading and Science without continual
tests and exams. My questionnaire showed that the majority of us in majority of the questions prefer our own
educational system.
 Only 17% thought that starting school at 7 was best.
 57% thought that children would achieve higher result in a more formal atmosphere
 Only 7 people out of 30 thought that primary and secondary schooling should be combined
 Only 43% thought that schools should plan their own curriculum
 70% thought that pupils shouldn’t be kept in the same classroom regardless of their ability in a particular subject
 73% think it's beneficial to spend more hours in school
 21 out of 30 think that tests and exams raise standards in education




Questionnaire analysis
Conclusion
 In conclusion I think the country that has the most effective education system is Finland.
 “WHETHER it’s due to universal access to education, extensive teacher training or its largely egalitarian society
– the Finnish schooling model is seen as one of the best in the world.”
 “Results from the most recent samplings – taken in 2009 – show that while Wales languishes below all of the
other UK home countries, below and alongside the likes of Latvia and the Czech Republic, Finland has
maintained its stellar position near the summit.
 PISA RESULTS ARE BETTER (aged 15 maths, reading and science)
 NO CONTINUOUS TESTING AND RECORDING
 TEACHERS HAVE MORE FREEDOM TO TEACH
 EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES/FUNDING PROVIDED CENTRALLY BY GOVERNMENT
 TEACHER TRAINED TO A HIGHER LEVEL I.E MASTERS DEGREE
 CLASSES ARE SMALLER
40
Past tense: “I have found that.....”
Evaluation
I felt I carried out the investigation well on the
whole. I selected a relevant title; thoroughly
researched into the topic from the perspective of
both countries; made relevant and meaningful use
of primary and secondary sources to support my
findings; I presented my findings using a variety of
skills and techniques.
I conformed to my time management schedule on
the whole but found it difficult to reach the final
deadline for presentation.
Bibliography

 http://www.pisa2006.helsinki.fi/files/The_Finnish_education_system_and_PISA.pdf
 http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/education-news/2011/06/30/there-are-warning-signs-
that-we-have-to-heed-pisa-results-have-been-too-good-for-finland-91466-28965648/
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Programme_for_International_Student_Assessment
 http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-wales-11930257
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Finland
 http://bertmaes.wordpress.com/2010/02/24/why-is-education-in-finland-that-good-10-
reform-principles-behind-the-success/
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Wales

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